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Translating Growth into Poverty Reduction

Beyond the Numbers

Flora Kessy, Oswald Mashindano

Publication Year: 2013

Tanzania is a politically stable, much aided country that has consistently grown economically during the first decade of the millennium, while also improving its human development indicators. However, poverty has remained persistent, particularly within rural areas. This collaborative work delves into the reasons why this is so and what can be done to improve the record. The book is the product of both Tanzanian and international poverty experts, based on largely qualitative research undertaken within Tanzania by the Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC). The authors highlight and discuss the importance of macro- and micro-level causes of the persistence of poverty. The latter, on which the book is focused, centre around a negative dynamic affecting a large number of poor households in which widespread failure to provide household food security undermines gender relationships and reduces the possibility of saving and asset accumulation which is necessary for escaping poverty. This results in very low upward mobility. Vulnerability is widespread and resilience against shocks minimal, even for those who are not absolutely poor. Through an in-depth and broad analysis of poverty in Tanzania, the book provides alternative conclusions to those often repeated in the poverty discourse in international and local arenas. The conclusions were reached with the specific aim of informing political and policy debates within Tanzania.

Published by: African Books Collective


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p. 1-1

Title page

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p. 2-2

Copyright page

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p. 3-3


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pp. iii-iv

List of Illustrations

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pp. v-vi

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pp. vii-x

Tanzania is a much aided country which has been politically stable through several rounds of multi-party elections, has consistently grown economically during the first decade of the millennium, and has improved on its human development indicators, but has failed to make a significant dent in its extreme poverty, when all the signs suggested it should have been. ...

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List of Contributors

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pp. xi-xiv

Flora Kessy is a Senior Lecturer in Development Studies at Mzumbe University, Dar es Salaam Campus College. She holds a PhD in Agricultural and Consumer Economics from the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, USA. She has researched and published widely on issues related to poverty ...

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pp. xv-xvi

This book is a result of one year research project on Chronic Poverty and Research Development Policy in Tanzania. The research project was intended to undertake an integrated qualitative-quantitative (Q2) research analysis in order to understand the reasons for chronic poverty (which is widespread in Tanzania), ...

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Chapter 1 - Introduction—Translating Growth Into Poverty Reduction

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pp. 1-10

The fact that poverty is a multidimensional concept makes it difficult to define.1 Much has been written about the meaning of poverty but, because of its complexity, many authors feel safer stating its causes or manifestations rather than analysing what it is. ...

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Chapter 2 - Understanding Structural Influences on Poverty Dynamics In Tanzania—Using a Relational Life History Q-Squared Approach

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pp. 11-26

This chapter outlines the research methodology for the study from which this edited volume derives. The study was titled ‘Chronic Poverty and Development Policy: Q-Squared Research in Support of the 2010 Poverty Reduction Strategy in Tanzania.’ The field research was conducted in three locations in mainland Tanzania between August and December 2009 ...

Part 1: Tanzania Poverty Analysis

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Chapter 3 - Exploring Resilience Avenues for Managing Covariant and Idiosyncratic Poverty Related Shocks

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pp. 29-46

This chapter identifies the major covariant and idiosyncratic shocks facing households and their main avenues for managing and coping with them, using analysis of focus group discussions and individual life histories from three districts in Tanzania, coupled with data from key informant interviews. ...

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Chapter 4 - The Rise in Women’s Responsibility in a Context of Increased Poverty in Tanzania

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pp. 47-76

This chapter examines the effects of the past decade’s experiences of poverty reduction and women’s rights on the evolving roles (livelihoods), rights and responsibilities of rural men and women. It looks carefully at processes of individualisation and their impact on women’s ability to move their dependants out of poverty. ...

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Chapter 5 - Escaping Poverty in Tanzania—What Can We Learn From Cases of Success?

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pp. 77-96

Alleviating poverty has been at the heart of much of Tanzanian policy for decades. Between 2001 and 2004, Tanzania’s poverty reduction strategy guided poverty reduction efforts, focusing on the priority sectors of primary education, basic health, water and sanitation, agriculture, rural roads, the judiciary and land.1 ...

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Chapter 6 - Hidden Hunger in Rural Tanzania—What Can Qualitative Research Tell Us About What To Do About Chronic Food Insecurity?

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pp. 97-118

Using a qualitative dataset comprising focus group discussions, more than a hundred life histories and key informant interviews from six widely dispersed rural communities in Tanzania, this chapter investigates the nature of hunger, its causes and its consequences, along with people’s preventative strategies, before drawing policy implications for the Tanzanian government. ...

Part 2: Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction

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Chapter 7 - Growth Without Poverty Reduction in Tanzania—Reasons for the Mismatch

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pp. 121-142

Tanzania has a long history of devising policy frameworks to achieve higher economic growth and poverty reduction strategies to improve the quality of life of its people. However, the country remains characterised by low per capita income and widespread poverty and it faces great challenges to achieving the Millennium Development Goals by 2015.1 ...

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Chapter 8 - Agricultural Growth and Poverty Reduction in Tanzania—Emerging Issues and Major Recommendations

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pp. 143-160

The Tanzanian economy has recently registered impressive economic growth, averaging 7 per cent between 2000 and 2008. The highest growth has been recorded in sectors with a marginal contribution to gross domestic product (GDP), employment and poverty reduction, such as mining, with agriculture recording a persistently lower growth rate ...

Part 3: Governance and Social Contract

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Chapter 9 - Poverty Mobility in Tanzania and Linkages with Governance

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pp. 163-186

This chapter identifies the governance issues that matter for poverty mobility in Tanzania, using data collected through key informant interviews, focus group discussions and individual life histories in Rukwa, Mwanza and Mtwara regions from September to November 2009 as part of a bigger study titled ‘Chronic Poverty and Development Policy in Tanzania’. ...

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Chapter 10 - Taking the Plunge on Social Assistance in Rural Tanzania—Assessing the Options

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pp. 187-208

Poverty barely reduced in Tanzania between 2000/01 and 2006/07, especially in rural areas, despite economic growth. A large number of households lived just below the poverty line and there was a widely perceived decline in living standards, according to the results of the Household Budget Survey. ...

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Chapter 11 - Conclusions and Policy Implications

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pp. 209-226

Poverty has remained persistent in Tanzania, especially in rural areas. The National Bureau of Statistics in the 2007 Household Budget Survey identifies a worrying trend of households remaining clustered at or below the poverty line over time (2000–7); in other words, the majority of Tanzanians are stagnating in poverty, ...


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pp. 227-236

Back cover

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p. 254-254

E-ISBN-13: 9789987082353
Print-ISBN-13: 9789987082261

Page Count: 252
Publication Year: 2013