Aspects of Colonial Tanzania History
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: African Books Collective
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Research for this collection of essays spanned a number of years and involved numerous visits to research libraries and archives in the United States of America, the United Kingdom and Tanzania. In due course I have accumulated a mountain of scholarly debt to many people that I cannot all mention by name. ...
Part One - Economy and Politics in Tanganyika
1. Colonialism as a “Civilizing Mission”
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I have tried in this collection of essays to examine the impact of colonialism and colonial rule upon the lives and experiences of the colonizers and the colonized in what is today known as Tanzania. Modern day Tanzania comprises of the mainland, which was from 1919 until 1963 known as Tanganyika, and the Islands of Unguja and Pemba which historically have been known under the name Zanzibar. Before ...
2. The Lupa Gold Rush of the 1930s
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On March 9, 1938, J. R. Cresswell-George wrote to the editor of East Africa & Rhodesia about what he perceived at the time to be an increasing tendency to have little regard for self-respect, and still less thought to the maintenance of the dignity and prestige of the British especially in the outlying districts of colonial Tanganyika. He noted that there appeared to be â€œa blatant disregard of morals, excessive ...
3. George Gilman Rushby: From Ivory Poacher to Game Ranger
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George Gilman Rushby is the subject of three biographies,120 one TV documentary and numerous newspaper articles. In 1920, at the age of twenty, Rushby was able to buy a steerage passage to Africa. Although he had an apprenticeship as an electrician he found his calling in the vast landscapes of central and eastern Africa as an ivory poacher, gold prospector, settler farmer, forestry officer and game ranger. ...
4. Chief Makongoro of Ikizu: Beneficiary and Victim of Indirect Rule
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Questions about the nature of British colonial administration in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be raised by historians.163 Recently focus has been on how Indirect Rule functioned and whether or not it was effective or even indirect.164Until recently the historical origins of this policy were traced to Sir Frederick (later Lord) Lugardâ€™s administration of Northern Nigeria.165 However, this has been ...
5. The trial of Oldus Elishira (1955): Murder, Politics and Justice in Late Colonial Tanganyika
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Late in the afternoon on 23 February, 1955, a white settler named Harold M. Stuchbery was speared by a Maasai man named Oldus Elishira. The killing of 58-year-old Stuchbery caused fear among members of the white community at Ol-Molog in West Kilimanjaro. As we shall see, his death was neither thoroughly investigated nor was the case convincingly prosecuted. Efforts by his neighbor, ...
Part Two - Film Production and Radio Broadcasting
6. Colonial Tanganyika on Film, 1935-1961
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The study of film as a medium of communication in colonial Tanganyika, like that of radio broadcasting, has attracted little research attention from students of Tanzania history.273 By and large studies about cinema in Africa have devoted only a few pages to the film industry in colonial Tanganyika.274 Yet colonial Tanganyika was the scene of several pioneering experiments in film production for African ...
7. Radio Broadcasting in Colonial Tanganyika, ca. 1951-1961
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Communication between peoples widely separated in space and thought is undoubtedly the greatest weapon against the evils of misunderstanding and jealousy, and if my fundamental invention goes some way towards averting the evils of war, I shall not feel that I have lived in vain.Guglielmo Marconiâ€™s successful production of the first transatlantic wireless ...
Part Three - Affairs of the Heart in Colonial Zanzibar
8. Dr. Pitchford’s love affair with Ms Gool Talati
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The British Empire provided many opportunities to doctors who were willing to emigrate to seek new careers in the service of British firms, white settler communities and colonial administrations. In Africa, doctors were far removed from the pressures and controls exerted by the General Medical Council of the United Kingdom. The conduct of those employed by colonial administrations ...
9. Seyyida Salme’s love affair with Heinrich Ruete
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Sometime in 1877 Emily Ruete, whose maiden name was Seyyida Salme (1844-1924), decided to write down some sketches of her life for her German-born children who until that time knew little more than that she was an Arab woman and a native of Zanzibar. Her memoirs, therefore, were originally not intended for the general public. However, at the urgent request of many, she finally decided ...
Part Four - Slavery and Politics in Colonial Zanzibar
10. The Slave Trade and Slavery in Zanzibar: Opposing Views
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The origins of the slave trade in East Africa remain shrouded in the mists of history. Likewise, precisely when and why slavery started in Zanzibar remains unclear. According to Ibrahim Shao, slavery predated the arrival of Arabs in Zanzibar. Shao suggests that the traditional ruler of the Hadimu, the Mwinyi Mkuu, and his subordinates â€œappropriated surplus labour or value products ...
11. The Pitfalls of a Nascent Democracy: Political agitation, violence and murder after the June 1961 election in Zanzibar
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On Thursday, 1 June 1961, voting took place to elect 23 members of the Legislative Council in the British Protectorate of Zanzibar. In the morning of that day, while voting was in progress, disturbances broke out in Zanzibar town, spread to the rural areas of the island on 2 June, and continued, mainly in the central and northern areas of Zanzibar, until the security forces gained control of the situation on 8 June. ...
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Aspects of Colonial Tanzanian History is a collection of essays alcohol consumption (the sundowners); adultery and violence among the colonial officials; attitudes to inter-racial sexual liaisons European settler vigilantism; radio broadcasting; film production murder of a European settler farmer in 1955. The victim, Harold ...
Page Count: 208
Publication Year: 2012