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Aspects of Colonial Tanzania History

Lawrence E.Y. Mbogoni

Publication Year: 2012

Aspects of Colonial Tanzanian History is a collection of essays that examines the lives and experiences of both colonizers and the colonized during colonial rule in what is today known as Tanzania. Dr. Mbogoni examines a range of topics hitherto unexplored by scholars of Tanzania history, namely: excessive alcohol consumption (the sundowners); adultery and violence among the colonial officials; attitudes to inter-racial sexual liaisons especially between Europeans and Africans; game-poaching; European settler vigilantism; radio broadcasting; film production and the nature of Arab slavery in Zanzibar. A particularly noteworthy case related to European vigilantism is examined: the trial of Oldus Elishira, a Maasai, for the murder of a European settler farmer in 1955. The victim, Harold M. Stuchbery, was speared to death when he attempted to ìarrestî a group of Maasai young men who were passing through his farm. The event highlighted the differences in the concepts of justice held by Maasai and the imported justice systems from the colonizers. It also raised vexing questions about the colonial judgeís acquittal of Oldus Elishira, while the Maasai who should have been satisfied with that decision decided to take it upon themselves to mete out an appropriate punishment to Elshira instead of total acquittal, and to compensate Mrs. Stuchbery for the death of her husband by giving her a number of heads of cattle.

Published by: African Books Collective

Title page

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p. 2-2

Copyright page

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p. 3-3


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pp. iii-4

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pp. iv-5

Research for this collection of essays spanned a number of years and involved numerous visits to research libraries and archives in the United States of America, the United Kingdom and Tanzania. In due course I have accumulated a mountain of scholarly debt to many people that I cannot all mention by name. ...

Part One: Economy and Politics in Tanganyika

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1. Colonialism as a “Civilizing Mission”

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pp. 3-12

I have tried in this collection of essays to examine the impact of colonialism and colonial rule upon the lives and experiences of the colonizers and the colonized in what is today known as Tanzania. Modern day Tanzania comprises of the mainland, which was from 1919 until 1963 known as Tanganyika, and the Islands of Unguja and Pemba ...

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2. The Lupa Gold Rush of the 1930s

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pp. 13-32

On March 9, 1938, J. R. Cresswell-George wrote to the editor of East Africa & Rhodesia about what he perceived at the time to be an increasing tendency to have little regard for self-respect, and still less thought to the maintenance of the dignity and prestige of the British especially in the outlying districts of colonial Tanganyika. ...

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3. George Gilman Rushby: From Ivory Poacher to Game Ranger

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pp. 33-42

George Gilman Rushby is the subject of three biographies,120 one TV documentary and numerous newspaper articles. In 1920, at the age of twenty, Rushby was able to buy a steerage passage to Africa. Although he had an apprenticeship as an electrician he found his calling in the vast landscapes of central and eastern Africa ...

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4. Chief Makongoro of Ikizu: Beneficiary and Victim of Indirect Rule

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pp. 43-56

Questions about the nature of British colonial administration in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be raised by historians.163 Recently focus has been on how Indirect Rule functioned and whether or not it was effective or even indirect.164 Until recently the historical origins of this policy were traced to Sir Frederick (later Lord) Lugard’s administration of Northern Nigeria.165 ...

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5. The trial of Oldus Elishira (1955): Murder, Politics and Justice in Late Colonial Tanganyika

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pp. 57-78

Late in the afternoon on 23 February, 1955, a white settler named Harold M. Stuchbery was speared by a Maasai man named Oldus Elishira. The killing of 58-year-old Stuchbery caused fear among members of the white community at Ol-Molog in West Kilimanjaro. As we shall see, his death was neither thoroughly investigated nor was the case convincingly prosecuted. ...

Part Two: Film Production and Radio Broadcasting

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6. Colonial Tanganyika on Film, 1935-1961

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pp. 81-102

The study of film as a medium of communication in colonial Tanganyika, like that of radio broadcasting, has attracted little research attention from students of Tanzania history.273 By and large studies about cinema in Africa have devoted only a few pages to the film industry in colonial Tanganyika.274 ...

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7. Radio Broadcasting in Colonial Tanganyika, ca. 1951-1961

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pp. 103-128

Guglielmo Marconi’s successful production of the first transatlantic wireless signal on December 12, 1901, would change both the nature of international diplomacy and the legitimating of political authority within individual states.365 It should be noted, however, that Marconi’s achievement did not go beyond the transmission of the usual signals in codes. ...

Part Three: Affairs of the Heart in Colonial Zanzibar

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8. Dr. Pitchford’s love affair with Ms Gool Talati

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pp. 131-146

The British Empire provided many opportunities to doctors who were willing to emigrate to seek new careers in the service of British firms, white settler communities and colonial administrations. In Africa, doctors were far removed from the pressures and controls exerted by the General Medical Council of the United Kingdom. ...

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9. Seyyida Salme’s love affair with Heinrich Ruete

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pp. 147-162

Sometime in 1877 Emily Ruete, whose maiden name was Seyyida Salme (1844- 1924), decided to write down some sketches of her life for her German-born children who until that time knew little more than that she was an Arab woman and a native of Zanzibar. Her memoirs, therefore, were originally not intended for the general public. ...

Part Four: Slavery and Politics in Colonial Zanzibar

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10. The Slave Trade and Slavery in Zanzibar: Opposing Views

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pp. 165-188

The origins of the slave trade in East Africa remain shrouded in the mists of history. Likewise, precisely when and why slavery started in Zanzibar remains unclear. According to Ibrahim Shao, slavery predated the arrival of Arabs in Zanzibar. ...

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11. The Pitfalls of a Nascent Democracy: Political agitation, violence and murder after the June 1961 election in Zanzibar

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pp. 189-202

On Thursday, 1 June 1961, voting took place to elect 23 members of the Legislative Council in the British Protectorate of Zanzibar. In the morning of that day, while voting was in progress, disturbances broke out in Zanzibar town, spread to the rural areas of the island on 2 June, and continued, mainly in the central and northern areas of Zanzibar, ...

Selected Bibliography

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pp. 203-212

Back cover

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p. 218-218

E-ISBN-13: 9789987082322
Print-ISBN-13: 9789987083008

Page Count: 208
Publication Year: 2012