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Rural Cooperation

In The Cooperative Movement in Tanzania

Francis Fanuel Lyimo

Publication Year: 2012

ìNo person, no country in the world, irrespective of its stage of development, is fully self-sufficient. Cooperation brings together peoples and nations and facilitates peaceful co-existence.î So begins Rural Cooperation In The Cooperative Movement In Tanzania, what will undoubtedly be seen as a seminal work in the field. The author has lectured a course on Rural Cooperation in Tanzania at the University of Dar es Salaam for seven consecutive years, but lack of appropriate books with adequate coverage of the course content obliged him to conduct extensive research on cooperation and cooperatives. The resulting book covers the entire field and addresses the subject by providing a foundation on which wider study can be based. It is intended to make its readers aware of the strategies and challenges of cooperation and has a wider relevance, as it will be useful to policy makers in the cooperative sector, which is a significant part of the private sector in Tanzania, and indeed in most African countries. By June 2008, there were 2614 agricultural marketing cooperative societies, 4780 savings and credits cooperative societies, 71 livestock cooperative societies, 129 fishing cooperative societies, 11 housing cooperative societies, 3 mining cooperative societies, 185 industrial cooperative societies, 98 water irrigation cooperative societies, 4 transport cooperative societies, 103 consumer cooperative societies, and 553 service and other cooperative societies; perfectly illustrative of the movementís scope and the need to pay it careful attention. The topics included make it appropriate for use in Sociology, Rural Development, Marketing, Development Studies and studies in other specialties in the Social Sciences. From an exploration of the cooperative movementís various international iterations to a perspicacious survey of the history of cooperatives in Tanzania, Dr. Lyimo highlights the issues facing farmers and business people and illustrates the way in which cooperative effort- enterprises that put people, and not capital, at the center of their business- can not only improve membersí economic power in bargaining for better marketing conditions and prices, but also to increase employment opportunities, thereby improving the standard of living for a large number of people. In these times of penury and economic disenfranchisement, this book not only fills the information gap, but provides, in the ultimate chapters, ìProcedures for Organizing a Cooperative Societyî, and ìManaging Rural Cooperative Societiesî, the basic principles and advice for those considering the cooperative model as the best means of improving their economic viability.

Published by: African Books Collective

Title page

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Copyright Page

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Acronyms and Abbreviations

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pp. ix-x

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pp. xi

Financial sponsorship from the Kilimanjaro Native Cooperative Union Ltd covered tuition and fees for my studies at the University of Dar es Salaam for my Master of Arts degree in Sociology. A United States government scholarship paid for my studies at the...

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pp. xiii

I have lectured a course on Rural Cooperation in Tanzania at the University of Dar es Salaam for seven consecutive years. However, lack of appropriate books with adequate coverage of the course content obliged me to conduct extensive research on cooperation and...

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1. Definitions and Meaning of Cooperative Organization

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pp. 1-8

Aristotle recognized the social nature of human beings. He believed that a person could not lead a happy and contented life if that person lived in isolation. A person needs the company, help and support of others. Therefore, there is a great need for cooperation among human...

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2. Cooperative Thought and Evolution of Cooperatives

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pp. 9-18

Historians have found evidence of cooperation in ancient Greece, Egypt, Rome, Babylon, and China. Early agriculture would have been impossible without some elementary forms of cooperation, as people relied on one another to defend land, harvest crops, build...

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3. The Theory of Peasant Cooperatives

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pp. 19-28

This chapter examines the peasant economy according to Alexander Vasilevitch Chayanov and his theory of Peasant Cooperatives. Chayanov (1888-1937) was the major theorist of peasant studies in Russia. In the late 1920s he was regarded as an enemy of the State and was...

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4. The Rise of Cooperatives in Tanzania

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pp. 29-42

During the pre-colonial period people worked together because they had long since learned it was the best way to solve the problems that lay beyond individual reach and to achieve maximum benefits for the group. They hunted together; they helped one another built shelters...

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5. Cooperatives During Independence and The Rise of Socialism

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pp. 43-64

This chapter analyzes the cooperative sector during independence and the rise of socialism. We explore the rapid expansion of the cooperative movement and the problems encountered. We also examine the rise and implementation of socialist policy and the elusive role of...

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6. The Abolition of The Farmers’ Marketing Cooperatives

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pp. 65-78

This chapter analyzes the decline and eventual abolition of farmers’ marketing cooperatives which were registered using the Cooperative Societies Act, 1968. The villages and Ujamaa villages as the basic units of cooperation are analyzed, followed by a discussion of the...

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7. The Re-establishment and Restructuring of Cooperatives

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pp. 79-94

The re-introduction of cooperatives and the restructuring of the cooperative movement in1982 was an important cooperative movement in Tanzania. This chapter first analyzes problems posed by the village cooperative system that was regulated by the Villages and...

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8. Cooperative Legislations

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pp. 95-124

This chapter analyzes the cooperative legislations applied in the Tanzanian mainland since 1932. The first cooperative ordinance that was the foundation of later cooperative acts is examined. Thereafter follows scrutiny of ordinances and acts that amended, repealed, and...

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9. Types of Cooperatives

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pp. 125-136

There are many criteria which are used in classifying cooperatives. These criteria include work performed by cooperatives, groups of members served by cooperatives, and levels of operation of cooperatives. There is no short way of classifying them because one cooperative may belong...

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10. Procedures for Organizing A Cooperative Society

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pp. 137-144

There are procedures which are usually followed in order to establish a cooperative society. To plan to start a cooperative involves conducting a sequence of events. This chapter analyzes the procedures for organizing a cooperative society. The challenges which may be encountered...

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11. Managing Rural Cooperative Societies

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pp. 145-158

Management is the science of combining ideas, facilities, processes, materials and labour to produce materials and services by an organization (Roy, E.P 1969: 426). Cooperative management is more than being technically competent. Cooperative management is of...

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9789987082094
Print-ISBN-13: 9789987081554

Page Count: 174
Publication Year: 2012