Shared Waters, Shared Opportunities
Hydropolitics in East Africa
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: African Books Collective
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Profound appreciation to the following persons who greatly assisted in the realisation of this publication. For editorial work: Zacharia Chiliswa Ndanu Mung’ala Delphine Lebrun...
List of Contributors
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Introduction. Water and Life
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The importance of watercourses to human life and development cannot be overemphasised. Throughout human development, watercourses have played a major role as the medium of communication, trade, agriculture, fishing, recreation, tourism, culture...
SECTION ONE. Conflicts and Management
Competing Models of Water Resource Management and Their Implications Using the Example of Pangani River Basin in Tanzania
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From the first part of the 1990s one saw many calls to give attention to problems of water scarcity1 and an apparently emerging global water crisis2. This debate led to the emergence of an ‘international consensus’ over key principles for sound water - management, based...
Trans-boundary River Basins. Hydropolitics in the Horn of Africa
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Water – a basic human necessity is a critical resource for all aspects of human existence, environmental survival, economic development and good quality of life. Freshwater is one of the most essential of the elements that support human life and economic growth...
Nile Basin Initiative: A Possibility of Turning Conflicts into Opportunities
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River Nile, the longest in the world, is a vital source of water for millions of people in the North Eastern region of Africa. It flows from south to north, 6,825 kilometres over 35 degrees of latitude.1 The Nile catchment basin covers approximately a tenth of the African continent...
Managing Trans-Boundary Water Conflicts on Lake Victoria with Reference to Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania
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Lake Victoria is a shared water resource and confrontation on any of its islands or beaches has the potential to manifest itself as an internationalized conflict in the region. The cross-border conflicts on Lake Victoria are part of a conflict system whose epicenter has...
An Attempt Towards Management: An Examination of the Existing Institutional Frameworks in the Lake Victoria Region
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This paper is an attempt to describe the various institutions that manage Lake Victoria. The description of various institutions points out a common platform where various countries, particularly Eastern...
National Waters. Kenya National Water Policy
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Policy is a set of principles which is used as a basis for making decisions to further certain objectives. Almost any institution, whether public or private, operating for profit or voluntary, requires a policy to guide its operations and provide a frame of reference for its members...
Water Sector Reforms in Kenya: Institutional Set-up, Impact and Challenges in Urban Water Supply
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Like other countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Kenya’s socio-economic development goals are highly dependent on the availability of water in good quantity and quality. The government’s long-term objective is to ensure that all Kenyans have access to clean potable water...
SECTION TWO. Management and Practices
Urban Water. Strategies for Industrial Water Management in Kenya: Loopholes in the Existing Institutional Arrangement
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Water is an important input in both manufacturing and industrial processes. In the total use of public water in Kenya, industry is still a minor user, only consuming 4% of the public water supply. The relatively small industrial water use however masks substantial...
The Setbacks of Mismanaged Urbanisation: Pollution of Rivers in Nairobi
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Water resources in Nairobi are currently a critical issue. Supplies are limited in terms of quantity and quality, while demand increases due to population growth and economic development. Water shortages, sometimes called “city droughts”, have been widespread...
The Potential of Grass-roots Leadership in Water Management in Fringe Communities: The Case of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
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With rapid urbanisation in poverty, the provision of infrastructure and services is not given priority by most homebuilders in the fringe areas of most urban centres including Dar es Salaam.1 As time goes by, subdivision of plots and development of houses continues without...
Water Vending in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
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The general model of urban water supply pictures water utility delivering water to all the residents of a city. However, in developing countries, it is most often the case that only a part of the population actually receives this service. In practice, access to water distribution networks...
Irrigation. Local Irrigation Projects in North Western Kenya, Conceptual Frameworks and Development Practices: The Missing Links
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Governments and other development operators have been supporting the creation of irrigation schemes in North-Western Kenya for the last 30 years. Such wellplanned projects are meant to enhance food self-sufficiency, promote economical diversification, increase rural incomes...
A Happy Marriage of Traditional and Modern Knowledge -Shallow Wells: A Sustainable and Inexpensive Alternative to Boreholes in Kenya?
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Worldwide, the use of water is rising faster than the growth of the world population. In the 1900-90 periods the world population increased from 1.7 billion to 5.5 billion people while the total consumption of water went up by a factor 10 from 500 to 5,000 cubic kilometers...
The Large-Scale Irrigation Potential of the Lower Rufiji Floodplain: Reality or Persistent Myth?
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The Rufiji River Basin is located entirely in Tanzania and drains some 180,000 km2, about a fifth of mainland Tanzania. The river has a strong seasonal flow pattern, with a flood peak around April. With an annual mean flow of 800 cubic meters per second, it is one...
Irrigation among the Chagga in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: The Organisation of Mfongo Irrigation
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The southern slopes of Mt. Kilimanjaro, the world’s largest free-standing mountain and rising to 5985 m in north-east Tanzania, constitute a green and moist oasis surrounded by a semi-arid low plain. From the early Iron Age1 onwards, the mountain provided refuge...
The Importance of Flexibility :An Analysis of the Large-Scale Tana-Delta Irrigation Project in Kenya, Implemented Under an Estate System
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Although history has always been driven by “change”, it seems that precisely “change” has also been the challenge to development. The constant evolution of the environment is the essence of sustainability, but also its major constraint. This is equally true for the evolution...
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Page Count: 294
Publication Year: 2010