From Dar es Salaam to Bongoland
Urban Mutations in Tanzania
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: African Books Collective
Title Page, Copyright
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Form as a pretext for investigating urban changes
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This collection of research articles results from a conjunction between personal concerns stemming from the conclusions of my thesis (Calas, 1998) and the aspirations of Bernard Charlery de La Masselière, the director of IFRA,1 for the French Institute for Research in Africa. The conclusions of my research on Kampala revealed links between Ganda...
I. LAND - HISTORY: The Domestication of the Agglomeration
The Evolution of Dar es Salaam’s Peri-Urban Space During the Period of German Colonisation (1890-1914)
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In his thesis on Douala1, Andreas Eckert emphasizes that studies dealing with land issues in new colonial cities are a relatively rare occurrence. However, the evolution of urban real estate constitutes a privileged point of view for the analysis of society as a whole, as this is where numerous issues are dealt with far beyond mere economic dimensions. Colonial society’s appropriation...
Public Housing Policies: Decentralization, government policies and the people’s solutions
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For the past forty years, accelerating urban growth has been a common phenomenon in all of Africa’s big cities. Nairobi and Dar es Salaam have not escaped this continental tendency and have recorded huge population increases. However, the duration and scope of the phenomenon differ noticeably between these two cities. ...
Mixity and Territoriality in a Rapidly Expanding City: How Dar es Salaam was shaped by its Suburbs [Image Plates Included]
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How is a city formed? How does a multitude of people unite and develop around an initial seat of power, a control centre born of political will; how do they make their mark on the isolated rural periphery and eventually put down urban roots? How does a residential area’s dense tissue spring up, how is it set in motion, how does it grow from what is initially an arbitrated...
II. MANAGING SPACE: BETWEEN PLACES AND LINKS
Schools: facilities and places structuring urbanity in Dar es Salaam
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When considering schools in urban areas, two complementary points of view can be adopted: firstly, a spatial point of view to observe the distribution and spatial integration of schools within the city; secondly, a social point of view to analyse the population’s access strategies to a public service which is becoming increasingly segregated. The conjunction of these two perspectives enables...
Urban Transport: following the course of free enterprise
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Dar es Salaam’s urban transport sector makes for interesting study on two accounts. It provides a good example of the economic and political difficulties experienced by Africa’s major cities in managing public services and infrastructures within a context of rapidly growing needs and a shortage of public financing. However, in Dar es Salaam especially, an analysis of how...
Towards a two-tiered city?
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Inhabitants of Dar es Salaam rarely seem to travel and when they do, it is with some difficulty. Statistical sources are rare and incomplete but the available information advances a theory of ineffectual and constrained mobility on a daily basis. There is probably fewer than one return trip per person per day on average; mobility is also constrained as 70% of the trips are motivated by work...
Water Management - Institutional weaknesses and urban answers: towards a new urbanity?
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After the Second World War, African cities experienced an unprecedented urban explosion. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania’s biggest city, did not escape this evolution. Indeed, the city recorded important annual growth rates: rates increased from 6.5% between 1957 and 1967 to more than 10 % between 1970 and 1975, before dropping to around 6 or 7%. This sharp, rapid...
III. HORIZONS AND EXCHAGED GLANCES
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Tanzania is exemplary for two reasons: on the one hand, it is exemplary of that African paradox of a continent structured according to extroversion and integration into world trade circulation, although virtually absent from world commerce (2% of trade); and on the other hand, it is exemplary of the erosion of competencies acquired by state machinery after independence, especially...
Cultural Landscapes: Sedimentation, fusion or mutations?
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Styles, references and borrowings express what is different about a society, as well as its horizons, and therefore shed light on the society’s aspirations and its models. The urban, architectural, symbolic, dress and behaviour constitute references, express ideals which are sometimes incarnated by heroes, but which always manifest themselves through constructions, places, monuments...
Dar es Salaam – Zanzibar: exchanging glances
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Zanzibar is separated from Dar es Salaam by only a few kilometres. And yet, when approaching the archipelago from the capital,1 one enters a different cultural universe. This insular society constitutes a melting-pot which combines African, Arab and Indian influences, giving birth to the Swahili culture shared by the Muslim populations along the East African coast. Although Dar ...
Zanzibari Investments in Kariakoo
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On the initiative of the Sultan of Zanzibar, Seyyid Majid bin Said bin Sultan,1 Dar es Salaam was built on Shomvi and Pazi2 clan territory in Zaramo3 country at a time when Zanzibar was the focus of activities involving economic, political and cultural exchanges on an international level. At the time, Zanzibar was the region’s most important warehouse, a commercial depot for manufactured...
Confusing views: from a wealth of representations to a “polyphonic city”
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“Cities are not only made up of that which takes place on its territory, but also the way in which migrants and tourists pass through it… Hence the importance of studying textual descriptions and visualizations of the city1” (Garcia Canclini, 1997, p. 23). As we shall see, this analysis remains incomplete to the extent that it is based on a rather meagre corpus; more particularly, it...
Page Count: 430
Publication Year: 2010