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Dar es Salaam. Histories from an Emerging African Metropolis

James Brennan, Yus Lawi Andrew Burton

Publication Year: 2007

From its modest beginnings in the mid-19th century, Dar es Salaam has grown to become one of sub-Saharan Africa?s most important urban centres. A major political, economic and cultural hub, the city stood at the cutting edge of trends that transformed twentieth-century East Africa. Dar es Salaam has recently attracted the attention of a diverse, multi-disciplinary, range of scholars, making it currently one of the continent?s most studied urban centres. This collection from eleven scholars from Africa, Europe, North America and Japan, draws on some of the best of this scholarship and offers a comprehensive, and accessible, survey of the city?s development. The perspectives include history, musicology, ethnomusicology, culture including popular culture, land and urban economics. The opening chapter offers a comprehensive overview of the history of the city. Subsequent chapters examine Dar es Salaam?s twentieth century experience through the prism of social change and the administrative repercussions of rapid urbanisation; and through popular culture and shifting social relations. The book will be of interest not only to the specialist in urban studies but also to the general reader with an interest in Dar es Salaam?s environmental, social and cultural history.

Published by: African Books Collective

Title Page

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Copyright Page

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Table of Contents, Acknowledgments, Contributors

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pp. iii-vii

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pp. 1-11

In the century and a half since its founding in the 1860s, Dar es Salaam has evolved from a minor mainland haven of Zanzibar’s Sultan Majid to become a sprawling, socially diverse city of major regional importance. The past hundred and forty years have witnessed...

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1. The Emerging Metropolis: A history of Dar es Salaam, circa 1862-2000

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pp. 13-75

This chapter offers an overview history of Dar es Salaam. It proceeds chronologically from the town’s inception in the 1860s to its present-day status as one of the largest cities in Africa. Within this sequential structure are themes that resurface in later chapters...

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Part One: Administering Urbanization: Regulation and its failures in colonial Dar es Salaam

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pp. 76-173

The five chapters in Part One examine colonial policies, administrative structures, and socio-economic developments. Thaddeus Sunseri’s contribution offers valuable insights into the relationship between Dar es Salaam and its peri-urban hinterland...

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2. Fueling the City: Dar es Salaam and the evolution of colonial forestry, 1892-1960

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pp. 79-96

‘If we cannot conserve the Pugu Forest right on our doorstep, then we cannot conserve a forest anywhere in Tanzania’.1 This quote by a Tanzanian government official in reference to a coastal forest located 22 km. west of Dar es Salaam encapsulates two faulty premises that are fundamental...

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3. Race, Class and Housing in Dar es Salaam: The colonial impact on land use structure, 1891-1961

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pp. 97-117

The history of colonial land use in Dar es Salaam offers a clear vista into the city’s physical development, racial segregation, and class differentiation. The implementation of German and later British land laws provided the foundation upon which colonial governments...

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4. Between Segregation and Gentrification: Africans, Indians, and the struggle for housing in Dar es Salaam, 1920-1950

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pp. 118-135

This chapter investigates two interconnected relationships. The first relationship is between two competing principles of colonial urban policy, segregation and gentrification. Keeping with German precedent, the British colonial government segregated...

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5. ‘Brothers by Day’: Policing the urban public in colonial Dar es Salaam, 1919-1961

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pp. 136-156

Along with the administration and judiciary, the Tanganyika police force formed the third branch of the urban state at the heart of the imposition and maintenance of colonial order in Dar es Salaam.1 Indeed, of all three, it was perhaps the most essential. While the British...

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6. Unpretentious Bars: Municipal monopoly and independent drinking in colonial Dar es Salaam

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pp. 157-173

In 1935, the Tanganyika Standard ran an article which celebrated the opening of a new drinking establishment in Dar es Salaam - though the almost exclusively European readership of that newspaper would most certainly not have considered themselves...

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Part Two: Competing Cultures in Colonial and Postcolonial Dar es Salaam

The five chapters in Part Two examine the consumer side of urban life by considering the cultural and leisure activities of Dar es Salaam’s population. A noteworthy feature of such activities was an element of competition: either in their organizational structures...

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7. The Ngoma Impulse: From club to nightclub in Dar es Salaam

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pp. 177-197

When I first stayed in Dar es Salaam in the late 1970s and early 1980s the city’s musical soundscape was dominated by muziki wa dansi, accompanying the day from sunrise to midnight and beyond. Radio Tanzania Dar es Salaam (RTD), the one and only...

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8. Simba or Yanga?: Football and urbanization in Dar es Salaam

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pp. 198-212

Football has been by far the most popular sport throughout Africa from the colonial period up to the present. Tanzania is no exception, but its football scene has a rather distinctive aspect as compared to the other countries. What makes Tanzanian football unique...

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9. In the ‘Age of Minis’: Women, work and masculinity downtown

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pp. 213-231

Tanzania’s first postcolonial decade has recently come into its own as an object of study in historians’ work on the country. Urban history – and particularly the history of Dar es Salaam – has been a key part of the move toward exploring this...

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10. ‘I am a Partial Person’: The urban experience of rural music

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pp. 232-249

In July 1997, Rosy Margaret Ndunguru celebrated her confirmation into the Roman Catholic Church in Mwananyamala, Dar es Salaam. Her parents, well educated, middle-class urban migrants from Mbinga District, rented a hall and invited about 150 family...

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11. ‘Here’s a Little Something Local’: An early history of hip-hop in Dar es Salaam, 1984-1997

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pp. 250-272

In October 1998, members of the hip hop group Kwanza Unit went on stage at the Sheraton Hotel in downtown Dar es Salaam for a TeleFood charity event.1 In the audience were the First Lady, Mama Anna Mkapa, the Zanzibar President, Dr. Salmin Amour, the media...


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pp. 273-279

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9789987081073
Print-ISBN-13: 9789987449705

Page Count: 288
Publication Year: 2007