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Tonga Timeline

Appraising Sixty Years of Multidisciplinary Research in Zambia and Zimbabwe

Lisa Cliggett, Virginia Bond

Publication Year: 2013

A multitude of scholars have visited Tonga communities. They have come from different countries, worked at different times, had different disciplinary interests and theoretical agenda and published in different places. Many of these scholars have been the products of Zambian and Zimbabwean universities. The research presented in this volume gives some idea of the rich knowledge now available on the Tonga - a people remarkable for their egalitarian ethos, practice of participatory democracy and willingness to experiment with new possibilities.

Published by: African Books Collective

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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Editor Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

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Virginia Bond, Lisa Cliggett, Bennett Siamwiza

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pp. xiii-xxxviii

From Iron Age sites dating back at least seven hundred years, to cutting edge research on HIV medical interventions, for more than half a century Zambia’s Southern Province, and the adjacent Zimbabwean Zambezi Rift, have played a central role in social science research. Our understanding of life in Southern...

Section I. Cultural Forms Through Time

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I. Looking Back and Looking Forward: Iron Age Studies in Southern Zambia and Their Contribution to the Understanding of the Tonga

Francis B. Musonda

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pp. 3-24

Iron Age investigations in southern Zambia can be traced to the Third Pan African Congress on Prehistory held in Livingstone in 1955. It was at that congress that the late J. Desmond Clark, the then curator of the Rhodes–Livingstone Museum (now Livingstone Museum), requested congress...

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II. Ethnic Identity, Agency and Development: The Case of the Zimbabwean Tonga

Siambabala Bernard Manyena

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pp. 25-66

Much ink has been spilt in constructing and (re)presenting, if not mystifying, the ethnic identity of the Zambezi Valley Tonga in Zimbabwe. Common, but rather demeaning, descriptions and labels include ‘marginalized’, ‘isolated’, ‘poor’, ‘backward’, ‘minority’, ‘primitive’, ‘dangerous’, and ‘two-toed people’...

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III. Art and the Sacred Practitioner Among the Zimbabwe Tonga: An Analysis of the Symbolic Interaction

Maxwell Mukova and Jeremiah Chikovore

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pp. 67-80

It has long been noted that the interactive relationship between religion and art in Africa remains understudied and little understood. This observation is especially true when applied to the Tonga arts in Zimbabwe. It has been simple for scholars of both religion and art to loosely list artistic...

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IV. Names of Cattle and the Cattle-Naming System Among the Tonga of Zambia

Mildred Nkolola-Wakumelo

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pp. 81-108

Examining names, whether of cattle, people or rivers, reveals a wealth of information about a society and the economic and social environments of those who give names. The study of names is carried out using the methodologies of onomastics or onomatology, which is the study of nomenclature in...

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V. Demonizing the Migrant Labour System in the Context of Marriage: The Wealth in Folk Literature

John B. Siakavuba

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pp. 109-120

Folk literature contains wisdom and cultural heritage disguised in commonplace tales. Such stories can poignantly express tensions between tradition and change, acting as a reflection of people’s attempts to make sense of their lives. This article examines labour migration and its effects on arranged marriages...

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VI. The Gwembe Tonga Craft World and Development Intervention

Gijsbert Witkamp

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pp. 121-148

This text is about the impact of four craft development projects in the Gwembe Valley on the Gwembe Tonga crafts world during 1980 to 2000. The interventions extended the Gwembe Tonga crafts world beyond the boundaries of Gwembe Tonga life to the national and international crafts business. The...

Section II. Society and Health

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VII. Marriage Customs, Patterns and Practices, and Sexual Networks Among the Tonga of Southern Province, Zambia in the Era of HIV and AIDS

Jacob R. S. Malungo

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pp. 151-174

Marriage systems are interconnected to the spread of HIV, especially in sub-Saharan Africa where it has taken a severe toll. Zambia lies in a hyper epidemic region where the disease is generalized and has had serious socio-cultural and economic implications, eroding quality of life and reducing life expectancy...

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VIII. Gender, Culture, HIV and AIDS in Contemporary Southern Zambia

Anne L. Sikwibele

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pp. 175-204

This paper examines the intersections between gender, culture, and HIV/AIDS. It answers questions related to whether some Tonga cultural beliefs, practices and traditions could be risk factors in the spread of HIV and AIDS in Southern Province, Zambia. It highlights the gender dimensions of some cultural...

Section III. Livelihoods and Development

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IX. Losing the Commons – Fighting with Magic: Institutional Change, Fortress Conservation and Livelihood Strategies of the Batwa, Kafue Flats Floodplain, Zambia

Tobias Haller and Sonja Merten

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pp. 207-238

This paper deals with institutional change regarding the management of common pool resources (CPRs, such as fisheries and wildlife) in the Kafue Flats, a floodplain in Zambia. This change is analysed in the context of conservation ideology of a weak state and the marginalization of the Batwa, a local...

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X. Lessons from Agricultural Extension and Marketing Services in Southern Zambia, 1933–80

Ackson M. Kanduza

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pp. 239-266

This paper examines the spread of agricultural extension services and marketing practices from Southern Zambia to some other parts of the country. Provision of agricultural extension and marketing services in Southern Zambia from the time more systematic colonial state intervention began...

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XI. Agricultural Change and the Tonga Tafadzwa Chevo

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pp. 267-280

In the present day, the soils of the Zambezi are sodic and of low fertility, alluvial soils are limited and heavy clay soils are widespread. In winter they dry out and become hard; ploughing the heavy soils with oxen would be easier but the presence of the tsetse fly makes it impossible to keep cattle...

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XII. Syaacivwule Mwangu: NGOs and People Empowerment in the Gwembe Valley

Lawrence Maumbi Michelo

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pp. 281-296

Development3 discourse speaks to how the state in African countries has not met challenges to transform and improve the livelihoods of its citizens. Disappointment with state-led development and its lack of ‘good governance’ prompted the international donor community – specifically the World Bank...


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pp. 297-298

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9789982680059
Print-ISBN-13: 9789982680059

Page Count: 336
Publication Year: 2013