Red Star Over Malaya
Resistance and Social Conflict During and After the Japanese Occupation of Malaya, 1941–46
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: NUS Press Pte Ltd
Title Page, Copyright Page
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List of Tables
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List of Figures
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List of Illustrations
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List of Appendices
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Note on Malay Spelling and Currency
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Note on Spelling of Chinese Language Script
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Preface to the Fourth Edition
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I would like to thank the publisher NUS Press for allowing me to revise and update Red Star Over Malaya for the fourth edition. Since the original work was completed more than 30 years ago, much new research material have become available on many aspects of the...
Foreword to the Third Edition
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Th e theme of Red Star Over Malaya is not the Japanese occupation. Rather it is inter-racial conflicts between Malays and Chinese that occurred during the final stages of the occupation, and the social unrest and breakdown of law and order that occurred during a...
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Th is work would not have been possible without the award of a research scholarship from the Australian National University from September 1975 to September 1978, for which I am most thankful. I wish also to express my appreciation to the University’s Department...
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My interest in the post-Japanese surrender interregnum in Malaya was first aroused while I was an undergraduate at the University of Malaya in 1969. Dr Anthony Reid taught a course on new approaches to the study of Indonesian history and introduced students to John Smail’s stimulating work...
Part 1: The Roots of Conflict
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1. Malaya's Plural Society in 1941
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In 1941 “Malaya” was a convenient British administrative and geographical term comprising three political units: (1) the Straits Settlements colony of Singapore, Malacca, and Penang; (2) the Federated Malay States (FMS) of Selangor, Perak, Pahang, and Negri...
2. The Social Impact of the Japanese Occupation of Malaya, 1942-5
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The change of regime and the violence of war brought about by the Japanese occupation of Malaya altered the pattern of race relations and raised the political stakes. To the local population, politics in the broad sense became a life and death struggle. Much of the...
3. The MCP and the Anti-Japanese Movement
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The Japanese occupation caused the demise of several pre-war political parties in Malaya, especially the Kuomintang, the Central Indian Association of Malaya (CIAM),* and the aristocratic-led Malay State Associations (Persatuan-Persatuan Negeri Melayu...
4. The Malay Independence Movement
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In the struggle for Malaya, the revolutionary pro-Japanese political organization, the Kesatuan Melayu Muda (KMM), or Young Malay Union, whose activities before 1941 have been discussed in Chapter 1, clearly emerged as a rival to the Malayan Communist Party...
Part II: The Contest for Postwar Malaya, 1945-6
5. The Post-Surrender Interregnum: Breakdown of Law and Order
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After the Japanese surrender on 15 August 1945 there was a brief period in which law and order collapsed, rumour dominated fact, and diverse groups in Malaya were faced with critical decisions. One of the most important rumours was that the British army...
6. The MPAJA Guerrillas Takeover
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Owing to the delayed arrival of the British occupation forces, Force 136 officers in the field were daily reporting signs of unrest in the MPAJA ranks.1 Th e Japanese had begun withdrawing their garrisons from outlying towns and districts on 22 or 23 August. In remote...
7. Outbreak of Violence and Reign of Terror
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Something of the turbulent conditions prevailing in the countryside in Malaya, when shots were heard day and night, can be conveyed by the violent incidents which erupted during the two-week break - down of law and order, especially the conflict between...
8. The Malay/MCP/Chinese Conflict
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Of all the branch organizations and movements of Islam, the mystical and semi-secret Sufi tarekat (brotherhoods or orders) are regarded as the foremost missionary vanguard. Their members comprise holy men and the Islam they represent is oft en called...
9. Conflict between the Communists and the BMA
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One of the first policies adopted by the BMA was the granting of the fullest freedom of speech, publication, and association in the country — one of the eight demands of the MCP’s manifesto of 27 August 1945. By also adopting the policy that the prewar...
10. The Malay-British Conflict
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Under the BMA the whole of Malaya, including the nine Malay states, came under one direct and unified administration identical to what the Japanese had established during their occupation. The British had failed to introduce such a system of administration in...
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Th e eventful period covered by this study — 1941 to 46 — is central to an understanding of post-war political developments in Malaya. It was during this time that the die was cast. Th is period marked the first real contest for political power in Malaya between...
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Page Count: 416
Illustrations: 4 maps, 28 images
Publication Year: 2012
Edition: Fourth edition