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Youth and Peaceful Elections in Kenya

Kimani Njogu

Publication Year: 2013

Elections provide a tremendous opportunity for national transformation and the pursuit of democratic practice. They can be a moment of national renewal. However, in most of Africa elections are often characterized by violent conflict as politicians seek to capture or maintain power through ethnic mobilization, propaganda and misrepresentation. Considering opportunities offered by information technology especially mobile phones and the discovery of extensive natural resources, Africa has an opportunity to significantly change the lives of ordinary citizens. But this transformation requires that youth are fully ëpresentí in the political, economic, social and cultural arenas. They will need to marshal their energies and stay focused on the things that are important for the continent of Africa. In the case of Kenya, youth should not wait to be invited to take up political leadership. Instead, they will need to invite themselves to the table and take advantage of the opportunity provided in Constitution and demand accountability and transparency in the conduct of national affairs. This book is part of ongoing work at Twaweza Communications in the pursuit of democracy, peace and justice. Themes covered include youth and leadership; elections and peace; youth as peace makers; family and global values among other topics.

Published by: African Books Collective

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-5

Dedication

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pp. v-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgements

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pp. ix-x

This book is a collection of important and thought provoking papers presented at the Youth and the Social and Economic Impact of Peaceful and Fair Elections conference held on 6th-8th August 2012. The conference was organised by Africa Health and Development International (AHADI) with the support of Rockefeller Foundation. ...

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Introduction

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pp. xi-xii

This publication results from a Conference held on 7th and 8th August 2012 to discuss youth and the socio-economic impact of peaceful and fair elections in Kenya. The Forum was organized by Africa Health and Development International (AHADI), with the support of the Rockefeller Foundation. ...

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Statement from The Judiciary

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pp. xiii-xvi

Elections are a crucial part of the governance of any country. They have far reaching impacts on political and socio-economic aspects of a country. The conduct of successful elections is therefore at the heart of any thriving democracy. The ability to conduct successful elections is dependent on many factors. ...

Part One: Youth Presence in National Agenda

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Chapter One: Youth As Leaders in Kenya: Transforming Society By Building Bridges

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pp. 3-35

In December 2012, three radio Disk Jockeys (DJs) went on hunger strike for six days while broadcasting at the GlassHouse non-stop in order to promote a peaceful electoral process. The Ghetto Radio presenters – Mbusi, Sollo, and Essie - did this under the theme ‘Vote4Peace Vote4Kenya’ ahead of the elections slated for March 4, 2013. ...

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Chapter Two: Perspectives on Youth Policies in Kenya

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pp. 36-54

The past decade has seen Kenya develop programmes, policies and institutions to address the needs of youth, who form the largest proportion of the population. This is a significant step since youth, unlike children, have often been lumped together with the adult population in policy terms, yet they are not equal under the law. ...

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Chapter Three: Socio-Economic Status of Youth in Kenya: Implications for Peaceful Elections

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pp. 55-68

Defining youth is not easy as there is no universal definition of whom the youth constitute. Youth is not a homogeneous construct, but encapsulates several different experiences and diversities. There also seem to be overlap between international definitions of youth and children. Organizations have different definition of youth ...

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Chapter Four: Opportunities and Challenges for Participation of Young People in the Electoral Process

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pp. 69-78

On August 7-8, 2012, Africa Health and Development International (AHADI) organized and successfully executed a national conference on the theme: “Youth and the Social and Economic Impact of Peaceful Elections”. The conference brought together young opinion leaders from around the 47 counties into which Kenya is now constitutionally divided ...

Part Two: Youth and Peaceful Elections

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Chapter Five: Economic Implications of Peaceful and Fair General Elections in Kenya

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pp. 81-96

Peace has been man’s greatest objective throughout history; unfortunately history is more about war and lack of peace with most of human history written in blood. 58,000 Americans were killed in Vietnam War while the battle of Somme in France killed 58, 000 in one day in 1916 during World War I. ...

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Chapter Six: Social Implications of Peaceful and Fair General Elections in Kenya

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pp. 97-107

While a competitive electoral process cannot in itself be equated with democracy, it is a cardinal precept of liberal democratic theory and practice. By June 2003, 44 of Sub-Saharan Africa’s 48 states had conducted founding elections, typically marking a transition from a long period of authoritarian rule to democratic government. ...

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Chapter Seven: Role of Political Parties in Ensuring Peaceful and Fair Elections

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pp. 108-118

A political party is a political organization that typically seeks to influence government policy, usually by nominating their own candidates and trying to seat them in political office. Parties participate in electoral campaigns, educational outreach or protest actions. ...

Part Three: Youth, Leadership and Peace Building

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Chapter Eight: National Peace and Stability: The Role of Kenyans in the Diaspora

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pp. 121-135

Kenyans in the diaspora play a very important role in the future of Kenya. They make important contributions into cultural productions, business ventures, political plans, national peace and stability in terms of ideas and money. The Kenyan diaspora is usually listened to by Kenyans at home ...

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Chapter Nine: Children of the Post-Colony and Violence: Starting from the Hearth

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pp. 136-147

This paper discusses the rising popularity of the child’s perspective in narrating violence in the contemporary African literature. It investigates the role of the child figure in telling narratives of violence based on Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s two novels: Purple Hibiscus (2004) and Half of a Yellow Sun (2006). ...

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Chapter Ten: The Role of Youth in Trans-local Peace building among Pastoralist Communities in Northwestern Kenya

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pp. 148-175

The Pokot, Samburu and Turkana are pastoralist communities in North-western Kenya who have been perpetrators and victims of a vicious cycle of violent conflict that has claimed lives and destroyed property of unknown value over a long period of time. The violent conflict among these communities has been attributed to the proliferation of small arms and light weapons, ...

About the Contributors

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pp. 176-178

Back Cover

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p. 196-196


E-ISBN-13: 9789966028426
Print-ISBN-13: 9789966028372

Page Count: 194
Publication Year: 2013