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L'ancien et le Nouveau

La production du savoir dans líAfrique díaujourdíhui

Paulin J. Hountondji

Publication Year: 2013

How are the ëoldí and the ënew' expressed in the field of knowledge and know-how? What did we know yesterday, and what do we know today? What was, yesterday, and what is, today, the mythical part in what we believe we know? And how do we define, in each case, the core of concrete and universally valid knowledges? What rights and duties do we acclaim as human beings, as women, as children, as peoples or nations, and what understanding do we today have of these rights and duties? What is the impact, of what we today call globalisation, on the evolution of knowledge, know-how, and the awareness of such rights and duties? To these questions, and to other related ones, this book provides some answers. It is the result of a conference held in Cotonou in October 2006, on the theme ìTraditional knowledges and modern scienceî. It is dedicated to the memory of Georg Elwert, a German Africanist who passed away in 2005, and whose work on Benin, Africa and the Third World remains a source of inspiration for many.

Published by: African Books Collective

Title page, Copyright

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A la memoire de Georg Elwert

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pp. i-ii

Sommaire

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pp. iii-vi

Note

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pp. vii-viii

Présentation

Paulin J. Hountondji

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pp. ix-xxviii

Allocution

Cossi Norbert Awanou

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pp. xxix-xxxii

Allocution

Michèle Gendreau-Massaloux

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pp. xxxiii-xxxviii

Discours d’Ouverture

Mathurin Nago

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pp. xxxix-xliv

I - Savoirs et pratiques

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1. On Mathematical Ideas in African History and Cultures

Paulus Gerdes

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pp. 3-14

For most of its history, Africa has been at the forefront of mathematical development internationally. The chapter presents a brief overview of mathematical ideas in African cultures, followed by a concrete example of an African mathematical tradition that almost died out during the colonial time, highlighting elements of its reconstruction, of its use in mathematics education and of the exploration of its scientific potential. The mathematical revival of Africa is underway.

2. Savoirs Endogenes Et Defis De La Modernite Scientifique: Reflexions D’un Archeologue

Obarè Bagodo

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pp. 15-36

3. La Culture Africaine Face Aux Exces De La Technoscience: L’humanisme De Boubou Hama

Mounkaila Abdo Laouali Serki

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pp. 37-50

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4. La Crise Ecologique Comme Exigence D’un Nouveau Paradigme

Gomdraogo Pierre Nakoulima

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pp. 51-68

Résume: De la révolution scientifique des 16e et 17esiècles nous avons hérite une signification de la nature comme un lieu neutre et inerte offert àla maitrise et àla domination. Mais la crise environnementale de notre temps répute caduque cette vision des choses et nous enjoint de formuler une nouvelle acception de la nature, un nouveau paradigme en remplacement du paradigme Galileo cartésien.

Abstract: From the 16th and 17thcentury scientific revolution, we inherited a meaning of nature as a neutral and inert place offered to men s control. But the environmental crisis of our time proves false null and void this vision of things and urges us to formulate a new meaning of nature, a new paradigm to replace the Galileo-Cartesian paradigm.

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5. Autour Du Fait Religieux: La Theorie Du Choix Rationnel Et Ses Limites

Joël Noret

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pp. 69-88

On l’a souligné de nombreuses fois, les théories du choix rationnel (TCR) forment un ensemble seulement partiellement cohérent (voir notamment Sandven 1999a ; Boudon 2003). C’est d’ailleurs la une des...

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6. «Faiseurs De Pluie»: Les Precipitations Artificielles Selon Les Methodes «Traditionnelles» Et Selon La Technologie Moderne

Abel Afouda

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pp. 89-106

Dans Les savoirs endogènes : pistes pour une recherche, publie sous la direction de P.J. Hountondji (1994), Gbenoukpo B. Dah-Lokonon souligne fortement le caractère ésotérique du sujet qui nous préoccupe...

7. Le Sang Dans Les Pratiques Traditionnelles: Note Sur Quelques Comportements A Risque

Willy Bongo-Pasi Moke Sangol

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pp. 107-122

8. L’ulcere de Buruli au Benin: Modeles Endogenes de Prise en Charge d’une Maladie Tropicale

Roch Houngnihin

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pp. 123-142

9. Entre Afrique Et Occident: Regards Croises Sur La Perception De La Maladie

Mina Zaza

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pp. 143-160

10. Note Sur La Question: Au Labo, Hors Du Labo Une Chercheuse Africaine Face A L’inexpliqué

Lucie Rakotomalala

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pp. 161-164

II - NORMES

11. Ethics and Politics in The Global Age: Normative Challenges In The Era Of The New Technological Revolution

Stavroula Tsinorema

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pp. 167-180

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12. Vivre et Survivre

Egidius Berns

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pp. 181-196

Depuis les débuts de la philosophie occidentale en Grèce, les philosophes font un lien entre économie et vie. Aristote, qui analyse longuement dans le premier livre de la...

13. Cultures Africainesetmaternite: Sur Quelques Mythes Fondateurs Enpaysnago

Ariane Djossou

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pp. 197-222

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14. Les dieux, la cuisine: Aspects de la dynamique sociale

Karola Elwert-Kretschmer

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pp. 223-230

Cette communication est la synthèse des résultats de mes recherches sur la relation entre savoir traditionnel (ou local) et innovations au Benin. C’est une étude diachronique sur la question suivante: de quelle...

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15. Locating Gender In Development Discourse

Manthiba Phalane

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pp. 231-242

The central question in this discussion concerns how development discourse in Africa constructs women and gender across geographical regions. Gender has been a particularly contentious arena within the field of development as institutions and communities struggle over the nature of representation, the construction of social problems, and the appropriation of resources directed towards development intervention. The discussion focuses on the construction of gender within the context of a development discourse engaged through global development programs. The question raised specifically is -when development discourse is conceptualized and applied, how are gender roles and needs framed within the process? Furthermore how do gender issues differ across Africa within which the development intervention is implemented? The central focus includes attention to issues of development discourse and gender within the context of African debates and discussions. The problem with the development discourse is that it is conceptualized as a form of institutional discourse communicating assumptions about problems, communities and solutions. The discussion analyses the theoretical perspectives on gender and development and scrutinizes the main phases of the development debate for their perception of women’s role in development. Given the lack of attention to gender and development discourse in Africa and the prospects for its future growth this symposium is indeed timely. For purposes of our discussion gender is understood as a social construct interpreted and engaged within organizational settings, connected with considerations of race ethnicity and other markers of cultural difference through policies and practices of states and development institutions.

16. La Peurdu Bó: Pratiques Occultes et Construction De L’etat De Droit

Victor P. Topanou

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pp. 243-280

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17. Traditions Culturelles Africaines et Droits De L’homme

Octave Nicoue Broohm

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pp. 281-300

La modernité politique a identifié l’universel avec les principes de la Déclaration des Droits de l’Homme. De même, les droits de l’homme ne semblent compréhensibles que replaces dans le contexte philosophique, juridique et politique de la...

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18. Traditions Culturelles Africaines Et Droits De L’enfant

Elisabeth Yededji Gnanvo

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pp. 301-320

«L’enfant n’est pas un petit homme, mais i1 est le petit de l’homme.» A ce titre, en lui doit le respect des règles édictées par la société pour sa protection, car c’est de protection qu’il s’agit...

19. Les Mecanismes De La Fraude Electorale, et Comment Les Combattre

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pp. 321-332

III - Modes de transmission

20. Logique De L’ecrit, Logique De L’oral: Conflit Au Coeur De L’archive

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pp. 335-344

21. Que Peut L’ecriture ?

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pp. 345-358

22. Teaching in Yoruba: Current Problems and Challenges

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pp. 359-370

23. Decimaliser Les Systemes Numeriques: Pourquoi? Comment?

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pp. 371-388

24. Indigenous Knowledge and Oral Traditions in Zulu (South Africa) and Gun (Benin)

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pp. 389-414

25. Traditional Knowledge and Education Today

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pp. 415-448

26. Digestion, Respiration, Classification dans les Representations Traditionnelles et L’enseignement Scientifique

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pp. 449-476

Annexe: Hommage à Georg Elwert

27. Notice sur Georg Elwert (1947 -2005)

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pp. 479-484

28. L’Articulation des Modes de Production selon Georg Elwert

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pp. 485-492

Back Cover

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p. 493-493


E-ISBN-13: 9789956791286
Print-ISBN-13: 9789956791156

Page Count: 538
Publication Year: 2013