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Boundaries and History in Africa

Issues in Conventional Boundaries and Ideological Frontiers

Daniel Abwa, Albert-Pascal Temgoua

Publication Year: 2013

This book compromises 26 well-researched essays in honour of Professor Verkijika G. Fanso, who retired in 2011 after over 36 years of distinguished service at universities in Cameroon. Contributors include colleagues, former students and close collaborators in Cameroon and beyond. Contributions cover a wide range of issues related to the contested histories, politics and practices of boundaries and frontiers in Africa. These are themes on which Fanso has researched, published and taught extensively, and earned international recognition as a leading scholar. The book explores, inter alia, indigenous and endogenous practices of boundary making in Africa; as well as colonial and contemporary traditions, practices and conflicts on and around frontiers. In particular focus, are disputed colonial boundaries between Cameroon and its neighbours. Issues of intra- and inter-disciplinary frontiers, politics and cultures are also addressed. The volume is crowned by a farewell valedictory lecture by Fanso. Like Fanso and his rich repertoire of publications, this bumper harvest of essays is without doubt, truly immortalising.

Published by: African Books Collective

Cover

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p. C-C

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-3

Notes on Contributors

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pp. i-ii

Table of Contents

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pp. iii-vi

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Foreword

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pp. vii-viii

A University Professor going on a deserving retirement after so many years of research, publications, teaching and supervision of students is like a candle that burnt itself out in order to light many persons. This is precisely what Professor Verkijika G. Fanso did in the Faculty of Arts, Letters and Social Sciences of the University of Yaoundé I, and in ...

Acknowledgements

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pp. ix-x

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Introduction

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pp. xi-xxii

In this Festschrift, written in honour of Verkijika G. Fanso, scholars of scholars of boundary/frontier studies in Africa like J.C. Anene1, A.1. Asiwaju2 and others to reiterate the preponderant role which boundary and frontier issues have played and continue to play even today in the history of humankind, be that conventional state boundaries or in the ...

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The Man: Professor Verkijika G. Fanso

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pp. xxiii-xxxii

The mysteries of existence include birth, life and death. Life before birth and death are blind truisms of existence. The most complicated truism of existence, ‘to my mind, is life and the way we manage life Predominantly, envious, greedy and competitive world, filled with bitter tongues, even against saints10. Today, have the opportunity to ...

Part I Conventional Boundaries of States & Polities

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Chapter 1 Boundary Dynamics and the Search for Geopolitical Space: The Case of the Mbororo in the North West Region of Cameroon

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pp. 3-34

The migration and settlement of the peoples of Cameroon brought together different conflicting cultures in search for peace and welfare. While most ethnic entities settled in specific locations, others found no autochthons. This was the case with the Mbororo of the North-West resulting in conflicts caused largely by socio-cultural, economic and ...

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Chapter 2 Rituals in Traditional Boundary Settlements In the Cameroon Grassfields

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pp. 35-54

Traditional African states and nations were well demarcated within recognizable territories. Though the concept of boundary did not hinder interactions and cooperation among states, boundaries, were considered inviolable in many parts of Africa. To guarantee the inviolability of boundaries many forms of rituals were employed in ...

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Chapter 3 Colonial Boundaries and Disintegration: A Study of the Boki ‘Nation’ Of the Cross River Region of Cameroon and Nigeria

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pp. 55-72

This chapter examines the contribution of the German and British colonial rules in the Cross River Region of Cameroon and Nigeria to the division and the disintegration of the Bo ‘nation.’ The scramble for Africa in the last quarter of the 19th century led to the partition of the continent by European powers into spheres of influence. The Bokis ...

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Chapter 4 Issues in the Cession of the Bakassi Peninsula to Cameroon

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pp. 73-100

Controversies trailed the decision of Nigeria to abide by the judgment of the International Court of Justice at The Hague, which ceded the oil rich Bakassi Peninsula to the Republic Cameroon. Some writers have international environment informed the concession of Nigeria to yield what is traditionally regarded as parts of its territory to a neighbouring ...

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Chapter 5 Cameroon-Nigeria Dispute over the Bakassi Peninsula: A Specimen of Collective Peace Approach

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pp. 101-126

For the last two decades, the right over border areas has ignited series of quarrels and disputes between states, Sustaining World concern. Most of these crises are directly related to the management and ownership of natural resources like oil, water and fisheries within the border zones. Often, the strength of the belligerents’ claims of and ...

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Chapter 6 The Demise of European Colonialism and the Emergence of Boundary Conflicts in the Bamenda Grasslands of Cameroon

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pp. 127-152

The Bamenda Grasslands of Cameroon provide an excellent opportunity to examine the demise of European colonialism and resurgence of rampant boundary conflicts in Africa. indigenous people of the region have never accepted the existence of the colonial boundaries despite the fact that resolution AGH/16.1 of 21 July 1964...

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Chapter 7 Les conflits frontaliers entre les chefferies Bamiléké de l’Ouest-Cameroun

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pp. 153-172

L’état de guerre s’est présent au cours de l’histoire comme un état de bouleversement des structures sociales, politiques et très souvent matérielles. Les conflits armes constituent de ce fait un cadre privilégié pour les sociétés les plus fortes d’agrandir leur territoire OU leur population. C’est ainsi que l’impact des conflits armes fut considérable ...

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Chapter 8 Résolution Des Conflits Intercommunautaires Au Cameroun cas des litiges fonciers de Makenene et Mbangassina

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pp. 173-192

Marquées par le caractère cosmopolite de leurs populations respectives, les localités de Makenene et Mbangassina au Cameroun sont aujourd’hui des terrains d’affrontements entre les communautés qui y habitent. Ces affrontements se font sur fond de disputes foncières. Les efforts entrepris par l’autorité administrative n’ont pas...

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Chapter 9 Les autorités camerounaises et la gestion des regroupements identitaires: Problématique de frontière entre l’Homme-tribal et l’Homme-nation au Cameroun après l’indépendance et la réunification (1960-2005)

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pp. 193-220

Au lendemain de L’indépendance du Cameroun français, survenue le 1er janvier 1960, les responsables de l’Union Camerounaise (UC), Le parti du chef de l’Etat, engagèrent un combat sans relâche contre les autres forces politiques ayant participé à la lutte contre l’administration coloniale. L’objectif vise était d’instituer au Cameroun un régime de ...

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Chapter 10 Au-delàs des frontières: Les milices armées et l’instabilité déstabilisation en Afrique central

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pp. 221-242

L’Afrique centrale est l’une des régions du monde les plus déstabilisées depuis l’avènement des indépendantes. Cette situation s’est davantage cristallisée au début des années 90 dans un contexte dominé par la fin de la guerre froide et l’ouverture démocratique dans les pays du tiers /déstabilisation, il y a bien évidemment les milices armées dont ...

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Chapter 11 Le Commerce Transfrontalier Entre Le Cameroun et ses Voisins

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pp. 243-266

Le sort d’une région frontalière est de subir, malgré toutes les surveillances, un flux et reflux d’habitants sur lesquels le contrôle est difficile. Pour ces peuples, la frontière n’est qu’une vue de l’esprit. Leur espace est continu et ils n’ont même pas souvent conscience d’une quelconque limite. Par diverses voles, ils passent d’un cote à l’autre du ...

Chapter 12 Conflits et Fixation des Frontièes en Egypte Pharaonique

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pp. 267-280

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Chapter 13 Smuggling and Contraband Trade Across the Intra-Cameroon Boundary, 1916 -1945

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pp. 281-300

This chapter discusses contraband trade as one of the methods or ways used by Africans to demonstrate their resistance to the artificial boundaries carved out by Europeans in Africa. The intra-Cameroon boundary divided polities and disrupted long distance trade practiced even before colonialism. The Cameroonians resisted or opposed this ...

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Chapter 14 La Guerre des Voies de Communications au Cameroun (1914-1916)

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pp. 301-330

Le déclenchement de la première guerre mondiale en Europe inaugure une période d’incertitude un peu partout dans le reste du monde. La présence allemande en Afrique depuis 1884 est un signe annonciateur au regard des stratégies orchestrées par les puissances européennes, notamment à travers la construction des blocs et la course aux ...

Part II Frontiers in Academic Disciplines, Politics and Cultures

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Chapter 15 Testing Hypotheses Developed in Cross-Disciplinary Studies: How Genetic Research helped illuminate Nso’ History

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pp. 333-340

We discuss how genetic evidence can be used to evaluate rival versions of the early history of the kingdom of Nso in the North West Region specific variant of the oral history of the Nso in which the royal family traces its descent from a founding ancestress who married into an chromosome and mitochondrial DNA variation in the Nso in general, ...

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Chapter 16 Transcending Academic Boundaries: Archaeology as Anthropology

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pp. 341-358

This chapter shows the multi-disciplinary or dimensional facets of provoked by the fact that although archaeology is primarily interested in the cultures of extinct societies of the prehistoric past, in practice, it Anthropology do. This is so because of the shortcomings inherent in its primary source of information, which is the material remains of ...

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Chapter 17 The Multiple Frontiers of Globalisation: The Case of Politico-Diplomatic Globalisation

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pp. 359-384

The international system emerging after the disintegration of the bipolar cold war is more open, more interdependent and definitely less academic discourse, but in international politics. Contrary to popular concerned with economic growth, but it is a multi-dimensional process encompassing political, diplomatic, social, cultural, scientific and ...

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Chapter 18 Solidarity beyond Borders: Africa’s Respond to the Haiti Earthquake

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pp. 385-406

On 12 January 2010 an earthquake measuring 7.3 on the Richter scale hit Haiti741, killing an estimated 300,000 people, injuring about the same number and leaving up to 1.5 million homeless. As the Western media screened images of the unfolding disaster, it was clear that the catastrophes. This sparked a scramble by the international community ...

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Chapter 19 Beyond Frontiers: African Diasporas in America and Development of Africa

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pp. 407-424

After the Second World War as African nationalists engaged in the struggle for independence, African-Americans (A-A) became interested in the decolonization struggle and development. It should be noted that A-A in the US constitute the highest number of people of Africa origin in a single country. Through organizations which they created, ...

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Chapter 20 The Conflict of Civilizations: The Case of Arab and Western Civilizations

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pp. 425-444

This chapter seeks to examine the fundamental basis of disagreement between Arab Civilization and Western Civilization with reference to North Africa and the Middle East. It comprehensively examines the core values of Arab and Western Civilizations that have made them prone to conflict. Specifically, we have attempted a reflection on the ...

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Chapter 21 La question des frontières du pré carre français face à la rivalité franco-américaine dans la sécurisation de ‘Afrique centrale post guerre froide (1990-2004)

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pp. 445-464

L’Afrique centrale apparait depuis la fin de la guerre froide comme un champ de compétition sécuritaire entre les principales puissances de la communauté internationale à l’instar de la France et des Etats-Unis d’ Amérique. Si la France a toujours évolué en toute quiétude dans cette sous-région pendant les périodes coloniale et post coloniale, il n’en est ...

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Chapter 22 Contemporary Historical Reality as Source and Beneficiary of the Popular Song in Post-Independent Cameroon

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pp. 465-500

The relationship between literature, history and society has long been established by the Classics such as Plato, Aristotle. Aristotle in The Poetics while acclaiming poetry above history, distinguished the latter as dealing with the particular and the former as dealing with the universal. This distinction consists in the methods of these art forms. Bearing in ...

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Chapter 23 Cultural Practices and Female Adolescent Self-Concept in Weh Village - Cameroon

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pp. 501-528

Self-concept can be defined as that which makes a person to be truly and intrinsically oneself as a person beyond the variation of his/her village, for example, implies being self-conscious and not limiting herself. The fact that the female adolescent of Weh perceives herself negatively due to the barrier created by gender differences imbued in ...

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Chapter 24 Women on the Pulpit: Pushing the Frontiers of Feminist Participation in Pentecostal Groups in Cameroon

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pp. 529-546

Although women constitute a major force in the numerical strength of most religious groups, they usually play a less significant leadership role in these bodies. Debate on religion and feminism usually settle on the fact that religion and especially the mainstream religions are not only patriarchal, but largely mats-dominated. This chapter demonstrates ...

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Chapter 25 La ville, le sport et les frontières interdites aux femmes massa et toupouri du Cameroun: itinéraire sportif universitaire de Félicité Minda Vella

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pp. 547-566

Au Cameroun, les peuples massa et toupouri se trouvent, majoritairement, dans les départements du Mayo-Danya et du Mayo- Kany, dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord. Ce sont d’excellents lutteurs, de par leur éducation et/ou formation. Dans les zones rurales par exemple, sont organisés annuellement des championnats de “lutte...

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Chapter 26 Les frontières parlementaires entre le Cameroun anglophone et le Cameroun francophone (1942-1972): Autopsie d’une réunification parlementaire tronquée.

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pp. 567-594

Ce que nous désignons sous l’appellation frontières parlementaires” est la différence nette qui a existé entre le parlement du Cameroun résultats de deux cultures parlementaires et surtout de deux politiques coloniales diamétralement opposées, seront occultées au moment de la réunification. Ceci dans la mesure où au moment de la réunification, ...

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Chapter 27 A Thank You Valediction

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pp. 595-616

The tradition of Festschrifts (that is, presenting papers of publishing a volume of articles as tribute to a scholar, often at the end of” his/her career) and Valedictions (that is, farewell greetings on important occasions) are definitely Anglo-Saxon practices, and the University of Yaounde 1 already has a tradition of gedenkschrift, or posthumous ...

Back Cover

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p. BC-BC


E-ISBN-13: 9789956791026
Print-ISBN-13: 9789956791019

Page Count: 656
Publication Year: 2013