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Bakassi: Or the Politics of Exclusion and Occupation?

Fongot Kini-Yen Kinni

Publication Year: 2013

This is a complex volume that combines a good deal of survey data on Bakassi and its populations with more ethnographically based insights into the conditions of the Bakassi communities. The book is the outcome of research carried out by Fongot Kini between 2004 and 2009. The work is intended to serve as first hand exhaustive information on the live situation in the contested Bakassi Cameroon-Nigeria border region. The term Bakassi engenders multiple meanings loaded with many conflicting emotional, spiritual and material interests. Native inhabitants are systematically disinherited of their ancestral cultural heritage and socio-economic resources. They are bastardised, humiliated and scammed by unscrupulous opportunists who deliberately misidentify them with intentions of dispossessing them of their ancestral lands and natural resources. Overall the author is in sympathy with the Bakassi who he argues have been marginalised and neglected by the Cameroon state. In particular, the value of the indigenous communities in terms of local economies as well as securing this vital border area has not been recognised and various external groups have been either allowed or encouraged to settle there to both the detriment of local populations and to the security of the region.

Published by: African Books Collective


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p. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. 2-5

Table of Contents

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pp. iii-iv

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pp. v-vi

This work is the outcome of a Political Cultural and Legal Anthropological Research as well as Socio-Economic Research carried out by the author between 2004 and 2009 in the Bakassi Region on the impact of the Bakassi conflict and post-conflict confidence-building and peace-building logistics and strategies for the rehabilitation of Bakassi and its victims. ...

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About the Author

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pp. vii-x

Fongot Kini-Yen Kinni is also the Director of the African Art and Handicraft Environmental Management Institute – AFHEMI KINI FOUNDATION – and Curator of the AFHEMI KINI FOUNDATION MUSEUM. The AFHEMI KINI FOUNDATION is an international NGO registered officially by the Cameroon Ministry of Territorial Administration in 1997. ...

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pp. xi-xii

My appreciation and gratitude go to CIME Consultancy, the ADDAX Cameroon Oil Company and Kosmos Consultancy, Cameroon, for facilitating this research. Special recognition goes to contributors like Evelyne Namaso, Andre Mounchikpou, Samme Kolle, Chongwain George Youngabi, ...


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pp. xiii-xiv

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Chapter 1. Backgrounding Bakassi Post-Conflict Confidence-Building and Peace-Building Strategies

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pp. 1-48

The Bakassi post-conflict management strategies, unlike most of the regular conflicts in Africa, is of a very unique kind, with regard to its causes; but it is quite critical when it comes to evaluating the strategies set in place to handle the post conflict disaster, destructions and to attend to the needs of the post-conflict victims. ...

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Chapter 2. The Bakassi Geo-Strategic Space

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pp. 49-70

The Bakassi Peninsula extends into the Gulf Of Guinea adjacent to the border between Cameroon and Nigeria. It lies roughly between latitudes 4º25¹ and 5º10¹ N and longitudes 8º20¹ and 9º08¹ E. It consists of a number of low-lying, largely mangrove covered highland covering an area of around 665km2. ...

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Chapter 3. Colonial Impact on the Bakassi Region

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pp. 71-92

The Germans, after outwitting the English, succeeded in creating what became known as the German Kamerun Protectorate, after the Berlin Conference of 1884 which stipulated on the arbitrary partitioning of Africa among the European Colonial nations. ...

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Chapter 4. Bakassi Colonial Agent Based System Conflicts

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pp. 93-130

Talking about colonial agent based system conflicts would seem anachronic if one does not analyse conflicts as derived from agent based systems and structures that promote the gestation of conflicts in the short and long term. In all systemic analysis, if we have to take conflicts as the object of focus, the primary and the vicariate agencying causes are very vital in any systemic vectorial analysis. ...

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Chapter 5. The Bakassi Identity Problem: Who Is Bakassian and Who Is Not?

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pp. 131-144

This study and research have led the author to conclude that the Bakassi problem of identity and management of the conflict is very delicate and should be handled with a lot of diplomacy, because it is not very easy to establish what I would call “cartographic nationality and cartographic sovereignty” and then believe that everything is okay. ...

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Chapter 6. Demographic and Socio-Economic Overview Including Peoples and Languages of Bakassi and Social Interaction

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pp. 145-192

The region, as already mentioned in the previous chapters, has a rich history dating back to the early 1400’s and before. The native coastal populations are made up of the Old Calabar Kingdom stock that comprises of groups with various origins e.g. Bakassi (Effik/Ibibio, Igbo), Oroko. ...

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Chapter 7. Maritime Traffic and Road Network and Trade in the Ndian Mainland and the Bakassi Peninsula

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pp. 193-212

Transportation is either by road or by sea (maritime transport). Water and road transportation are an important economic sector in the area. Both people and goods are transported between villages along the Cameroonian coast, through the mangrove channels and to neighbouring countries, most specifically Nigeria. ...

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Chapter 8. Corporate Social Responsibility and Peace-Building Process in the Bakassi Peninsula

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pp. 213-254

When I try to discuss corporate social responsibility – CSR, in post war zones, people tend to ask me why I should talk of corporate social responsibility as if war is business. But I always tell them that war is business (Fongot Kinni, 2004), since the end profit of war is essentially to promote the interest of the conquering party. ...

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Chapter 9. Water and Sanitation, Health Facilities, Education, Social Infrastructure and Services

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pp. 255-280

The exploration area has numerous sources of water. Streams and rivers flowing through the region serve as a key source of water. These rivers and streams are not protected and become vectors of waterborne infections since they are used for washing, waste disposal and drinking. ...

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Chapter 10. Socio-Economic Profile of the Bakassi Region

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pp. 281-330

Geographical and human factors constitute the two principal determinants of the configuration and representation of the economic activities, developed in the mainland zone and the coastal area of the Fako Division to the Ndian Division and the Bakassi peninsula. ...

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Chapter 11. Negotiating Contiguities in the Agent Based Directed System in the Bakassi Post-Conflict Political Economic Space

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pp. 331-356

In studying agent directed systems in social sciences, it must be borne in mind that each agent is a vector of characteristics pertinent to its structure and essential components with relatively corresponding highlighted images and suppressed shadows. ...

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Chapter 12. Bakassi Confidence-Building and Peace-Building Action Plan for the Rehabilitation of Bakassi

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pp. 357-400

The main objective intent would be to train native Bakassi trainers of trainers in post-conflict management strategies for confidence-building and peace-building. While the secondary objective will focus on ...

Special Events of the Bakassi Peninsula and Correlated Dates

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pp. 401-404


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pp. 405-412


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pp. 413-450

Agreement between the Republic Of Cameroon and the Federal Republic of Nigeria Concerning the Modalities of Withdrawal in the Bakassi Peninsula

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pp. 451-454

Annex I

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pp. 455-459

Back Cover

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p. 478-478

E-ISBN-13: 9789956790302
Print-ISBN-13: 9789956790296

Page Count: 476
Publication Year: 2013