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Climate Change and the Management of Natural Systems in Cameroon

Emmanuel Neba Ndenecho

Publication Year: 2011

This book emphasises that planning is essential, as the conservation approaches of the past may not work in an ever-changing warmer environment. It appraises current management strategies, assesses the biological and physical effects of climate change on natural systems in Cameroon and designs a planning and management framework for each natural system within the context of global warming. Climate change poses a complex bewildering array of problems for ecosystems. The key question is, what can be done ñ in addition to efforts to reduce CO2 emissions ñ to increase the resistance and resilience of these natural systems to climate change? This book seeks to answer the above question by drawing from the vast array of scientific data available on the subject, and which may not be readily available to policy makers, resource planners, resource managers, environmentalists, students of geography, conservation biology and agronomy. It constitutes an important manual for those ready to confront the impacts of climate change. It is also a valuable document for teachers of the functioning and management of natural systems globally.

Published by: African Books Collective

Title Page

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Copyright Page

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Dedication

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Contents

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pp. iii-

Acknowledged Contributions

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pp. v-

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Preface

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pp. vii-viii

As we embrace the new millennium, the threats to nature and biodiversity are unprecedented. Over the years some progress has been made in protecting biodiversity and hydrological systems. These have to some extent proved successful in some areas...

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1. Global Warming and Development Goals: An Overview

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pp. 1-20

This chapter is aimed at providing a synthesis of what we currently know about global warming, its possible causes and potential impacts on environment and human activities. The resolutions of the various World Climate Conferences from...

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2. Climate Change and Rainforest Ecosystem Management

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pp. 21-46

The future of the rainforests of the world is high on the agenda of international organization agencies. This is because of the value of their biological resources, that is, consumptive use value, productive use value and the benefits occurring to society...

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3. Climate Change and Mangrove Ecosystem Services

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pp. 47-67

Mangrove swamps are a pantropical ecosystem common along the West African coast where they account for 64,623 square kilometres, about 3.1 percent of the region. It is rapidly being converted to other land use systems with complete disregard...

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4. Climate Change and Sudan-Sahelian Savannah Ecosystem Management

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pp. 69-89

It is now abundantly clear that global climates are changing and ecosystems are vulnerable to those changes. Sub-Saharan Africa according to experts will experience increased temperatures and decreased precipitation. The Savanna biome will be altered by these...

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5. Climate Change and Montane Biodiversity Management

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pp. 91-113

The montane forest of Cameroon like most afromontane forest refugia in Africa are unique. They have one of the highest levels of endemism particularly among birds and vascular plants. Biodiversity is extraordinarily rich. Despite their scientific importance...

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6. Climate Change and Management of Coastal Zone and Marine Ecosystem

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pp. 115-139

Tropical marine ecosystems are rich in biodiversity and provide a valuable source of protein that supports local economies. They include mangroves, sea grass, vast pelagic systems and coral reefs. Despite the goods and ecosystem services they provide...

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7. Climate Change and Management of Riverine Ecosystems

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pp. 141-163

Global warming has distorted rainfall and temperature patterns across the globe and this is equally being felt in Cameroon. It has been observed to reduce rainfall, increase the frequency of extreme events such as droughts and floods, and therefore surface...

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8. Climate Change and Wetland Ecosystem Management

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pp. 165-190

Wetlands are geographically isolated ecological niches with a rich biodiversity and a biogenetic potential that can be developed for human welfare. Wetlands also provide important ecosystem services. Unfortunately, these systems are considered as freaks...

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9. Climate Change and Management of Physical Barriers in Riverine Systems

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pp. 191-211

The construction of large dams on riverine systems is a subject of great controversy. Environmental effects have been well documented. The basic point at issue is whether their benefits outweigh their environmental and social costs. This chapter makes an assessment...

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10. Climate Change and Management of Protected Areas

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pp. 213-240

There is a growing recognition that natural ecosystems, both large and small, could provide a suite of ecosystem services related to climate change, ranging from protection against immediate physical impacts (rising temperatures, unstable climates...

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11. Climate Change and Management of Lake Basin Ecosystems

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pp. 241-262

Lake basins provide valuable direct goods and services to local communities and an enormous array of plants, animals and microorganisms depend on the lake basin ecosystem for their survival. Moreover, these basins continuously channel rainfall from the surrounding...

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12. Management of Observed and Anticipated Physical Effects of Climate Change on Lake Chad

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pp. 263-288

Global climate change is likely to lead to increased water temperatures and evaporation in many lakes. This certainly will have physical and biological effects on lake ecosystems. The chapter appraises the guidelines established for the management...

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13. Climate Change and Sustainability of Traditional Irrigation Systems

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pp. 289-310

Climate change has a major impact on biodiversity, and therefore also on ecosystem services such as agricultural production and water availability. At the same time the management of biodiversity through tree and forest protection and regeneration...

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14. Climate Change and Development of Rained Agriculture

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pp. 311-328

Climate change and variability constitute multiple threats to regions dependent on rainfed agriculture. Studies of vulnerability to climate change are needed to raise the awareness, understanding and interest of planners, decision-makers and policy...

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9789956726615
Print-ISBN-13: 9789956717781

Page Count: 338
Publication Year: 2011