Imperialistic Politics in Cameroun: Resistance and the Inception of the Restoration of the Statehood of Southern Cameroons
Resistance and the Inception of the Restoration of the Statehood of Southern Cameroons
Publication Year: 2008
Published by: African Books Collective
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International human rights law ordains that the will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government. The evidence shows that Cameroun Republic, the former French Cameroun UN Trust Territory that gained independence on 1 January 1960, is in forcible occupation of the British Southern Cameroons, the former UN Trust Territory under British...
Chapter One - Reign of Terror
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French Cameroun gained independence on 1 January 1960 under Ahmadou Ahidjo, born in 1922 in Garoua, a town in the Muslim-dominated northern zone of French Cameroun. A man of marginal education, Ahidjo was by nature reserved and secretive, stern and inscrutable. “Sous des apparences froides, distantes, indifférentes, réfrigérantes même parfois, Ahidjo … était...
Chapter Two - French Scheming
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From the moment it acquired its French Cameroun territory in 1916 France seemed determined to trim it down. Two large chuncks of territory, the 'Nue Kamerun' and the 'Duckbill' were excised from Cameroun and incorporated into French Equatorial Africa. The remainder of the French Cameroun territory was then placed under the mandates/trusteeship system. The...
Chapter Three - Asylees Hatch up a Plot
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Initially, Ahidjo and the French were not interested in the idea of a possible political association between British Cameroons and French Cameroun.65 The idea of so-called ‘unification’ was apparently first mooted in 1948 by Bamileke asylees from French Cameroun who had been allowed to settle in the Southern British Cameroons.66 The asylees had in mind something like...
Chapter Four - Annexation Shrouded in Subterfuge
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In January 1959 general elections were held in the Southern British Cameroons. The elections saw the victory of Foncha and the defeat of Endeley. The former became Premier and the latter Leader of the Opposition. The very representative Mamfe Plebiscite Conference of that year concluded its deliberations with a clear majority voice that favoured...
Chapter Five - Able Leadership
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Of all Southern Cameroons politicians, Augustine Ngom Jua stands out as the most perceptive, courageous, accomplished and nationalistic, ever with the supreme interest of the Southern Cameroons uppermost in his heart. He was a grass roots politician who retained a keen sense of movements in popular feeling in the Southern Cameroons.109 On September 9, 1959, when...
Chapter Six - Fear and Oil
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The coup and counter-coup in Nigeria in 1966 provoked a chain reaction
that ultimately led to a three-year civil war in that country. Those events had
a spillover effect across the frontierr in the Southern Cameroons.
“In late 1966, the tense circumstances following the northern counterrebellion of July 29, a plane carrying weapons – allegedly ordered by Eastern...
Chapter Seven - A Chameleonic Entity
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Ahidjo soon started to make his moves directed towards the formal annexation of the Southern Cameroons. From about the late 1960s, Ahidjo’s speeches became more and more wordy and windy. His style became elliptical and tediously prolix. In the early sixties it was customary for him to end his speeches with the traditional exclamatory phrase...
Chapter Eight - How the Federation was Overthrown
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In 1968 Ahidjo had claimed and assumed a power to amend the ‘Federal Constitution’ by decree and to appoint the Prime Ministers and ministers of the federated states when and how he saw fit.184 In January that year he arbitrarily replaced A.N. Jua with S.T. Muna as Prime Minister of the Southern Cameroons. In March 1970 he arbitrarily sacked Vice President...
Chapter Nine - Oligarchic Father and Son
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Biya Paul, a native of the minority Bulu tribe (itself a sub-tribe of the Beti tribe) in Cameroun Republic, owes his spectacular rise to the pinnacle of power entirely to one man, Ahmadou Ahidjo. If ever Biya were to be grateful to an earthly benefactor it is to Ahidjo, although it is now known that Ahidjo was under orders from France, acting through its oil company...
Chapter Ten - A Phoenix Rises from its Ashes
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Barely one year after his appointment as President and while he was still locked in an increasingly dangerous political combat with Ahidjo over who was really in charge, Biya disingenuously decided to pick up a fight with the people of the Southern Cameroons. The Federation had been abolished in the hope of sinking the Southern Cameroons into Cameroun Republic and...
Chapter Eleven - Traitor and Usurper
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For a better appreciation of the mortal combat that eventually pitted Ahidjo and his supporters against Biya and his Beti tribesmen one must go a little back into history. It would be recalled that Ahidjo became Premier of French Cameroun in February 1958. But he acceded to that office through what was in effect a palace coup. In 1957 the premiership of French Cameroun was up...
Chapter Twelve - Politics and Occultism
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The de facto federal association of the former British Southern Cameroons and the former French Cameroun was beset with one major difficulty that eventually led to its collapse. The difficulty came from Ahidjo, the federal President, and Biya, his handpicked successor. Both of them are citizens of Cameroun Republic. Each saw the political association of the Southern...
Page Count: 172
Publication Year: 2008