Mongolia and the United States
A Diplomatic History
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: Hong Kong University Press, HKU
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Title Page, About the Series, Other Works in the Series, Copyright
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Glossary of Mongolian Terms
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On January 27, 1987, senior diplomats from the United States and Mongolia met in a modest ceremony below a portrait of Th omas Jeff erson in the Treaty Room of the Department o f State in Washington, D.C. Th eir purpose was to sign the legal documentation needed to fi nally establish formal diplomatic rela-tions between the two countries. Th is in turn led to the appointment of the fi rst ...
Chapter 1: Early Encounters
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...“I have found my country, the one I was born to know and love.”Th e accounts vary in content and the dates are not entirely clear, but in either 1899 or 1900 two young men briefl y met at the central monastery in Urga, as Ulaanbaatar was then know n. One was a prominent lama known as the eighth Jebtsundamba, who 11 years later would lead the Mongolian quest for freedom ...
Chapter 2: Establishing Diplomatic Relations
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...“If America had a consul at Urga . . . it would be a most helpful factor in Th e establishment of formal diplomatic ties between Mongolia and the United States on January 27, 1987, introduced a new chapter in the US-Mongolian encounter, one that was given further impetus with Mongolia’s “decision for democracy” during the tumultuous and historic events of 1990 and aft erwards. ...
Chapter 3: Supporting Democracy
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...“It was an exciting moment to be in Mongolia as the country rediscoveredits history and strived to build a democratic and fr ee market future.”Th e establishment of diplomatic ties between the United States and Mongolia in January 1987 occurred on the eve of great international change, especially in the Soviet Union when Gorbachev’s introduction of glasnost and perestroika gained ...
Chapter 4: Partnering on Development
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...“Without USAID and assistance fr om American companies in the energy sector, they simply would not have survived the winter of 1992–93 with Th e United States Agency for International Development (USAID) launched its fi rst program in Mongolia in November 1991, almost fi ve years aft er the offi cial opening of bilateral relations between the two countries. More than two decades ...
Chapter 5: Building Commercial Ties
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Early black and white photographs from the beginning of the 1900s give some indication of a United States commercial presence in Mongolia going back more than a century. Two of the more well-known American trading houses at the time were “Andersen and Meyer” and the “Mongolian Trading Company,” the latt er based in the Inner Mongolian town of Kalgan but with branch offi ces in ...
Chapter 6: Promoting Security
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...“Bridging the land of the blue sky with the land of the midnight sun”While diplomatic ties between Mongolia and the United States formally com-menced in January 1987, it would be nearly a decade before those relationships included a strong security dimension. Th e foundational document for such an engagement was signed in Ulaanbaatar on June 26, 1996. It established a frame-...
Chapter 7: Sustaining People-to-People Relationships
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...“If you care about what you do, you can overcome most barriers.”People-to-people relationships are the lifeblood of any bilateral partnership between countries, the foundation on which all other long-term engagements are built. Long before formal diplomatic relations were established, Americans and Mongolians were meeting together, sometimes in unlikely places. Photographs ...
Chapter 8: Looking Ahead
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...“God has placed in every human heart the desire to be fr ee.”In mid-June 2011, following in the footsteps of his immediate predecessors Ochirbat (1993–97), Bagabandai (1997–2005), and Enkhbayar (2005–08), all of whom had met with serving American presidents, President Elbegdorj traveled to Washington to meet with President Obama at the White House....
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Key Agreements between the UnitedStates and Mongolia, 1987–2012
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Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Mongolian People’s Republic Concerning Facilitation of the Work of Diplomatic Missions ( January 27, Agreement for Cooperation in Cultural and Educational Exchange between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the ...
US Ambassadors and Heads of Agenciesin Mongolia, 1987–2012
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U.S.-Mongolia Joint StatementIssued at the White HouseJune 16, 2011
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Th e President of the United States, Barack Obama, and the President of Mongolia, Elbegdorj Tsakhia, today reaffi rmed their commitment to a United States–Mongolia comprehensive partnership based on common values and shared strategic interests. Th ey emphasized their countries’ common interest in protecting and promoting freedom, democracy and human rights worldwide, ...
U.S. Senate Resolution on MongoliaSponsored by Senators Kerry, McCain,Murkowski, and WebbJune 17, 2011
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Expressing the sense of the Senate regarding Mongolian President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj’s visit to Washington, DC, and its support for the growing partnership Whereas the United States Government established diplomatic relations with the Government of Mongolia in January 1987, followed by the opening of a Whereas in 1990, the Government of Mongolia declared an end to one-...
Major Sources and Further Reading
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Addleton, Jonathan. 2012. Mongolia and the United States, a Long Way in a . 2010. Th ree of a Kind: Refl ections on the Triad Tradition in Mongolia. Allen, Th omas B. 1985. Time Catches Up with Mongolia. National Geographic, Andrews, Roy Chapman. 1933. Explorations in the Gobi Desert. National Asia Society. 2005. US-Mongolian Relations: History and Future Prospects. ...
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Th is book is based on contributions and support from many people, includ-ing a number of American offi cials and Mongolian staff who either served or are currently serving at the US Embassy in Ulaanbaatar: Allyson Algeo, Alissa Bibb, Charles Bouldin, Philip Cargile, Andrew Covington, Rick Donovan, Onder Durmas, George Economides, Uyanga Erdenebold, Tim Feeney, Jeff ...
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About the Author
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Jonathan S. Addleton served as a US Foreign Service offi cer in Mongolia twice, fi rst as USAID mission director (2001–04) and then as ambassador (2009–12). Other assignments include development counselor at the US Mission to the European Union in Brussels; USAID mission director in Pakistan and Cambodia; and USAID program offi cer in Jordan, Kazakhstan, South Africa, ...
Page Count: 204
Publication Year: 2013