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Disease, Colonialism, and the State

Malaria in Modern East Asian History

Edited by Ka-che YIP

Publication Year: 2009

This book studies the development of approaches to combating malaria in Hong Kong, Okinawa, Taiwan, and mainland China in the colonial and post-colonial periods as a dynamic process of interaction between the objectives of the state, international interests, emergence of new medical knowledge and technology, changing concepts of disease, as well as local society.

Published by: Hong Kong University Press, HKU

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pp. vii

Inspiration for this volume came from my association with members of the International Network for the History of Malaria—a group of medical doctors, malariologists, social scientists, and historians of medicine who share a common interest in the history of malaria, a disease that remains a major health problem in many parts of the world today. I am grateful to the Network participants of the Annecy conference and the Rockefeller ...

About the Authors

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pp. ix-x

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1 - Introduction - Combating Malaria in East Asia: A Historical Perspective

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pp. 1-9

This book is an attempt to provide a much needed historical study of malaria in modern East Asia. It examines how different countries attempted to combat this mosquito-borne disease in the context of the global history of malaria since the nineteenth century. Malaria has affected human developments since ancient times, and it remains a major health problem in Asia, ...

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2 - Colonialism, Disease, and Public Health: Malaria in the History of Hong Kong

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pp. 11-29

In a letter written in January 1854, Alvine, wife of William Lobscheid of the Chinese Evangelization Society, complained of suffering from Hong Kong fever. Not long after, she died during the hot summer month of August.1 In fact, Hong Kong fever was such a prevalent and deadly disease at that time that Dr. William Morrison, Colonial Surgeon, proclaimed in 1847:...

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3 - Anti-malaria Policy and Its Consequences in Colonial Taiwan

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pp. 31-48

In 1965, the World Health Organization registered Taiwan on its list of areas where malaria eradication had been achieved. This remarkable achievement has often been presented as a story of scientific conquest, and modern anti-malaria measures undertaken during the colonial period from 1895 to 1945 have been hailed simply as a positive legacy of Japan’s medical...

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4 - The Theory and Practice of Malariology in Colonial Taiwan

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pp. 49-60

In 1939, the Japanese colonial government in Taiwan circulated a film to promote the anti-malaria program.1 The film made the claim that during most of the colonial period in Taiwan (1895–1945), the government had advocated an integrated approach to malarial control. This involved prompt diagnosis, the administration of drugs, proper case management, ...

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5 - Colonial Medicine and Malaria Eradication in Okinawa in the Twentieth Century: From the Colonial Model to the United States Model

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pp. 61-70

This chapter examines the process of malaria eradication in Yaeyama of the Ryukyu Islands in the twentieth century. The Ryukyu Islands are divided into four local districts, Amami, Okinawa, Miyako, and Yaeyama. The history of the islands is very complicated; they were not part of Japan proper before the mid-nineteenth century. The Ryukyu Kingdom was established...

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6 - Malaria Eradication and the Technological Model: The Rockefeller Foundation and Public Health in East Asia

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pp. 71-84

Malaria in twentieth century East Asia has had much the same career as elsewhere on the planet: it has been studied, attacked, partially mastered, but never overcome. For about one-third of the century (approximately 1920–1955) the Rockefeller philanthropies grappled with malaria in endemic areas (the major exceptions being the Soviet Union and Africa) and had their successes,...

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7 - Health, Disease, and the Nationalist State: Perspectives on Malaria Education in Taiwan

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pp. 85-101

In 1965, the Nationalist government in Taiwan declared that malaria had been eradicated and the World Health Organization (WHO) officially certified the accomplishment in November of that year. This was a major step for the Nationalists who had tried, first in the mainland after the founding of the new government in1928, and then in Taiwan after 1945, to deal with...

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8 - Disease, Society, and the State: Malaria and Health Care in Mainland China

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pp. 103-120

In a document entitled Country Cooperation Strategy: WHO China Strategic Priorities for 2004-2008, the World Health Organization (WHO) and China outlined areas of co-operation and the health and development agenda for the mid-decade. One of the priorities was the control of diseases with epidemic and pandemic potential including malaria, dengue, influenza,...

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9 - Conclusion

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pp. 121-124

This book has examined both the temporal and spatial aspects of the development of various approaches to combating malaria during the colonial and postcolonial periods in Hong Kong, Okinawa, Taiwan, and mainland China. The essays consider the historical development of malaria and its control or eradication in modern East Asia as a dynamic process of interaction between the interests and objectives of the state (colonial or ...


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pp. 125-155


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pp. 157-161

E-ISBN-13: 9789888052219
Print-ISBN-13: 9789622095878

Page Count: 172
Illustrations: 3 maps and illus
Publication Year: 2009