Ecologies of Urbanism in India
Metropolitan Civility and Sustainability
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: Hong Kong University Press, HKU
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Title Page, Copyright
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As a Chinese anthropologist, I am honored to write a foreword for this remarkable volume on urban ecology issues in contemporary Indian cities. I have known the editors, Anne Rademacher and K. Sivaramakrishnan, since they were doctoral students in the Department of Anthropology at Yale University. We have embarked on parallel intellectual and ethnographic ...
Preface and Acknowledgments
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This project owes its origins to a small workshop, called âCitizenship, Civility, and Environmental Sustainability across Urban Asia,â convened at Yale in January 2009 in the Department of Anthropology. Many of the contributors in this volume, and a few others, met to discuss the relationship between the making of urban society and the urban environment. How, we ...
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1. Introduction: Ecologies of Urbanism in India
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As analysts turn to the urban question in India, estimates of the scale and rapidity of urban change in India multiply. One predicts that by 2030 nearly 600 million Indians will live in cities, and in them 70 percent of all net new employment will be generated (Sankhe et al. 2010). For Indiaâs young and mobile population, cities are undeniable magnetsâfor resources, and for ...
2. Is There an âIndianâ Urbanism?
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An urban âcommunityâ in the full meaning of the word, appears as a Why has the law, and planning law in particular, been so pliable an instrument in the governance of cities? Indeed, if the law is understood historically as part of the ideological apparatus of the bourgeoisie in its desire for control of urban spaces, has it run its course in the Indian city or is it yet ...
3. One Air, Two Interventions: Delhi in the Age of Environment
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September 2010. Delhi slowly creeps towards hosting the Commonwealth Games in October, which will announce its arrival as a world city. China did it with the Olympics in 2008 and now it is Delhiâs turn, albeit on a smaller scale. But not all is well. Indiaâs premier newspaper The Times Of India, which had once run the famous campaign âFrom Walled City to World City,â has ...
4. The Troubled Passage from âVillage Communitiesâ to Planned New Town Developments in Mid-Twentieth-Century South Asia
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Th is chapter posits an intellectual genealogy for understanding how comprehensively-planned new towns became a focus of planning attention in twentieth-century India. Though comprehensively-planned new towns were built in small numbers in India beginning in the nineteenth century (and earlier if we consider examples from the pre-British period such as ...
5. Flexible Planning: The Making of Indiaâs âMillennium City,â Gurgaon
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Located roughly 30 kilometers south of the national capital of India, the city of Gurgaon,1 in the district of the same name, is a rapidly changing urban frontier. At once remarkable and revolting, the landscape of Gurgaon is an odd mixture. Alongside countless glossy towers, shopping malls, and posh condominiums, there are equally large numbers of buildings under ...
6. From the Frying Pan to the Floodplain: Negotiating Land, Water, and Fire in Chennaiâs Development
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From late 2008 to 2009, the Tamil Nadu Public Works Department launched a spate of large-scale slum evictions targeting about 25,000 slum-dwellers in Chennai and its adjoining municipalities. This drive was aimed at clearing encroachments on nineteen water bodies to restore their water-holding and flood-carrying capacities. Ironically, some of the same water bodies had been ...
7. Value Struggles: Waste Work and Urban Ecology in Delhi
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On the sidewalks, encased in spotless plastic bags, the remains of Leonia await the garbage truck. Not only squeezed tubes of toothpaste, blown-out light bulbs, newspapers, containers, wrappings, but also boilers, encyclopedias, pianos, porcelain dinner services. It is not so much by the things that each day are manufactured, sold, bought that you can ...
8. Housing in the Urban Age: Inequality and Aspiration in Mumbai
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The problem of inadequate housingâoften referred to simply as âslumsââhas long occupied policy attention in Mumbai.1 In the last decade, the cityâs housing stresses have attained a particularly global visibility, as special âurbanâ issues of scholarly journals from Social Text (2004) to Science (2008) supplement a wealth of recent literature on the contemporary global urban ...
9. Resettlement Ecologies: Environmental Subjectivity and Graduated Citizenship in Mumbai
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Mumbaiâs overcrowded trains, traffic-jammed roads, and sprawling underserviced slums undergird the paradigmatic Malthusian imaginary of the Indian city living beyond its means. Efforts to redevelop the cityâs informal âslumâ settlements into world-class infrastructure and residential and commercial real estate promise a remedy for these urban ills. Such ...
10. Nuisance Talk: Middle-Class Discourses of a Slum-Free Delhi
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...âSlums are the culmination of unwanted elements,â the secretary of a resident welfare association (RWA)1 told me in perhaps the most concise statement of the middle-class âtheory of the slumâ I encountered during my fieldwork in Delhi in 2006â2007. In this chapter, I set out to trace how everyday depictions of slums as dirty, uncivil, and out of placeâwhat I will call ...
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Page Count: 304
Illustrations: 3 b/w
Publication Year: 2013