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Voluntary Organizations in the Chinese Diaspora

Edited by Khun Eng Kuah-Pearce ,Evelyn Du-Dehart

Publication Year: 2006

This book argues that Chinese voluntary organizations continue to play a significant role in both the established and new Chinese communities in the Diaspora.

Published by: Hong Kong University Press, HKU

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Acknowledgements

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pp. vii-

The idea of an edited volume grew out of two panels on "Chinese Voluntary Organizations" that Khun Eng Kuah-Pearce organized for the Second ICAS Conference in Berlin in August 2001. Since then, she has had the privilege of having Evelyn Hu-DeHart as co-editor whose insights into this area and beyond have helped to sharpen the essays here. The two editors have also had the privilege of adding scholars working in this area to contribute various chapters into this volume. ...

Contributors

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pp. ix-x

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1.Introduction: The Chinese Diaspora and Voluntary Associations

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pp. 1-28

During the past decade or so, when speaking of Chinese outside China, the words "Chinese" and "diaspora" in Anglophone literature have been linked like conjoined twins, coexisting by necessity and hard to separate without risking injury to the other. Another way of looking at it is that the process of "Chinese immigration" has practically given way to a seemingly open-ended, circulatory movement called the "Chinese diaspora," the "Chinese immigrant" and even the "ethnic Chinese" rendered as "diasporic Chinese" or as "Chinese in the diaspora," while the well-worn term "overseas Chinese" seems hopelessly old-fashioned. ...

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2.Between Tradition and Modernity: The Chinese Association of Johor Bahru, Malaysia

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pp. 29-52

The Chinese Association of Johor Bahru (Xinshan Zhonghua Gonghui, referred to as Gonghui hereafter) is one of many Chinese social organizations in Malaysia. However, it has a unique history in that it was founded as the successor to a secret society.1 Although it is deeply rooted in tradition, the Gonghui also represents the interests of the Chinese community, with the local and state government on local issues, and with the federal government on larger issues. ...

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3.The Cultural Politics of Clan Associations in Contemporary Singapore

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pp. 53-75

Chinese voluntary associations (CVAs) have played an important role in Singapore since early nineteenth-century colonial times. Today, many of these voluntary associations continue to play dominant roles in the Singapore Chinese community. While many of the clan associations continue to play a localized role and cater to the needs of their members, the Singapore Federation of Clan Associations, the umbrella body of all Chinese clan associations, has attempted to globalize by integrating with the wider Singapore polity and the larger world. ...

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4.Chinese Voluntary and Involuntary Associations in Indonesia

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pp. 77-97

In the years after World War II, Chinese voluntary associations in Indonesia developed freely and in a variety of ways to meet the needs and interests of the community. This was, however, a brief interlude between a colonial period, when Dutch rule enforced special organizational structures, and the post-1965 "New Order" government of Suharto, which, because of its desire to repress Chinese cultural life in general, on the one hand suppressed political, cultural, and social organizations and, on the other, instituted new forms of dealing with the Chinese minority. ...

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5.Chinese Charity Organizations in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam: The Past and Present

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pp. 99-119

The voluntary association has been an important object for understanding the local Chinese society outside and inside of China through history. However, the study of voluntary associations may bring a feeling of obsoleteness to us today, partly because it has been emphasizing its function for helping new immigrants to adapt to the local community of their country of destination. ...

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6.Association Divided, Association United: The Social Organization of Chaozhou and Fujian Migrants in Hong Kong

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pp. 121-140

By attending to the economic and political inequalities and internal divisions of migrant voluntary associations, this chapter paints a complex picture of the social organization among overseas Chinese, in which inclusion and exclusion often represent two sides of the same coin, philanthropy and exploitation are intertwined, and cohesion and fragmentation appear in tandem. Different from earlier scholarship that focuses mainly on the role of such associations as welfare providers and their functions in promoting social cohesion (Sinn 1998), ...

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7.Voluntary Associations in a Predominantly Male Immigrant Community: The Chinese on the Northern Mexican Frontier, 1880-1930

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pp. 141-168

Although there is good evidence that some Chinese had arrived in Mexico and set up small businesses as early as the mid-seventeenth century, the result of regular traffic between the Spanish colonies of New Spain (Mexico) and the Philippines during the long Manila Galleon trade, Chinese did not migrate to or settle in Mexico in any significant numbers until the last quarter of the nineteenth century. Their migration coincided with the triumph of the Liberals over the Conservatives in a protracted civil war in Mexico, and with the ascendance to power in 1876 of General Porfirio Diaz...

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8.The Development of Chinese Communal Places in Sydney

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pp. 169-199

Continuous Chinese settlement in Australia over a century and a half was a very complex process and has had an intense impact on the urban environment. The early Chinese settlers established and maintained community roots in Chinatown that became the centre of Chinese social and business life in Sydney. This paper identifies the development of diverse communal places by various Chinese immigrant groups since 1955, that is, of Chinese community capital1 in Sydney. ...

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9.The Roles and Contributions of Chinese Women Entrepreneurs in Community Organizations in Sydney

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pp. 201-230

The voluntary role of Chinese women in community organizations has not been recognized in Australian literature. Neither are there many international studies on the subject. This chapter attempts to throw some light on the subject and is part of a wider research effort that focuses not on Chinese community associations but on eighty Asian-born women entrepreneurs (ABWEs) in Sydney with a research question about their contributions to Australia. ...

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10.The Paradox of Ethnicization and Assimilation: The Development of Ethnic Organizations in the Chinese Immigrant Community in the United States

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pp. 231-252

The Chinese immigrant community has gone through several significant historical periods since the late 1840s: unrestricted immigration (1848-81), Chinese exclusion (1882-1943), immigration on restricted quotas (1944-67), and immigration on equal basis (1968-present). During each historical period, unique patterns of socio-economic adaptation and community development have affected the preservation of Chineseness and the construction of Chinese-American ethnicity. ...

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11.Ethnic Church Attendance and Social Participation of Immigrants in Canada

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pp. 253-268

Like immigrants to the US, described in Zhou and Lee's chapter about recent American immigration patterns, immigrants from non-European countries have dominated the immigration flow to Canada for the last few decades (Jasso and Rosenzweig 1990). The population of these new immigrants in major North American cities has reached the point of critical mass needed to support various ethnic activities and diverse institutions. ...

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12.From "Loose Sand" to "Cloakroom Community": Chinese Associations in the Czech Republic

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pp. 269-289

Only little is known about the first Chinese who settled in Czechoslovakia prior to World War II. The first Chinese community disintegrated soon after the war erupted, and once Communism came to power in 1948, memories of earlier Chinese migrants in the territory gradually fell victim to collective amnesia. A linear continuity of a Chinese presence was interrupted and the members of the new Chinese community, which has started to emerge since the early 1990s, had negligible knowledge of their predecessors (Moore, forthcoming). ...

Index

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pp. 291-295


E-ISBN-13: 9789882203822
Print-ISBN-13: 9789622097766

Page Count: 308
Publication Year: 2006

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Subject Headings

  • Chinese -- Foreign countries -- Societies, etc. -- History.
  • Chinese -- Foreign countries -- Social life and customs.
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