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Power and Identity in the Chinese World Order

Festschrift in Honour of Professor Wang Gungwu

Billy K.L. So ,John Fitzgerald ,Jianli Huang ,James K. Chin

Publication Year: 2003

This book is a celebration of the life, work, and impact of Professor Wang Gungwu over the past four decades. It commemorates his contribution to the study of Chinese history and the abiding influence he has exercised over later generations of historians, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region.

Published by: Hong Kong University Press, HKU

Contents

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pp. v-vii

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Acknowledgements

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pp. ix-

This volume honours the life and scholarship of Professor Wang Gungwu, and it is a singular honour for the authors and editors to be associated with him in its production. First and foremost, we would like to express our deep and lasting appreciation to Professor Wang for his support in the...

Contributors

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pp. xi-xiv

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Introduction

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pp. 1-9

To honour Professor Wang Gungwu on the occasion of his seventieth birthday, the present fourteen studies were brought together in a volume that underscores, in its variety, issues surrounding the modern Chinese world order. The term 'Chinese world...

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Prologue. Wang Gungwu: The Historian in His Times

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pp. 11-31

Can it be coincidence that the historian of the Overseas Chinese1 who has achieved the most comprehensive view of his subject, is also the one most firmly grounded in the history of China itself? Professor Wang Gungwu: sojourning Chinese, Malaysian, Australian, and Sinologue, is a living example of how...

Part I. In Search of Power: Power Restructuring in Modern China

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pp. 33-137

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1. The Fujianese Revolutionaries, 1895-1911

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pp. 35-64

After the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894—5, Fujian became a target of political and economic pressure from Japan, Britain, the United States and Germany. In the early twentieth century, the province appeared in danger of being partitioned by foreign powers. Although the...

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2. Nation, Territory and Frontier: Chiang Kai-shek' s Realism in Action

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pp. 65-90

The Chinese Republican government inherited vast territories from the Qing dynasty after the 1911 Revolution but faced a daunting task defending these territories against intrusion by foreign powers. Chinese historians have recently begun to acknowledge the efforts made...

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3. The Keomintanng Peace Mission on the Eve of the Communist T akeover

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pp. 91-119

On the afternoon of 1 April 1949, a Kuomintang (KMT) Peace Mission arrived in Beijing charged with the task of negotiating a peace settlement in the ongoing civil war. The mission began on an ominous note. The reception at the airport was frosty, with senior leaders of the Chinese...

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4. The New Positioning of Hong Kong after Reunification with Mainland China

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pp. 121-137

Hong Kong has long served as a gateway between China and the world and at the same time enjoyed an advantageous position as a unique and separate part of Mainland China. When China resumed sovereignty over Hong Kong in 1997, it was generally believed that the success of ' One...

Part II. In Search of Power: State Power vs. Economy and Society in Modern China

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pp. 139-220

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5. A Biographical Sketch of Liu Xuexun: The Controversial and Mysterious Guangdong Gambling Farmer, Mandarin-Capitalist and Secret Agent in Modern China

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pp. 141-175

Liu Xuexun was a colourful, mysterious and controversial figure in late imperial and early Republican China. Although his name is reasonably familiar to historians of modern China, little else is reported of him in the secondary literature. In his study of the Imperial...

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6. Illusions of Autonomy? Journalism, Commerce and the State in Republican China

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pp. 177-200

This chapter presents an overview of the evolution of professional journalism in the Republican period (1912-1937). On one level it is a tale of decline. In search of a new role in the burgeoning cornmercial treaty ports and urban centres, China's literati gradually lost their former moral and political force...

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7. Chinese Nationalism and Democracy During the War Period, 1937-1945: A Critique of the Jiuwang —Qimeng Dichotomy

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pp. 201-220

Western and Chinese scholarship alike has treated nationalism, or rather anti-imperialist nationalism, as a dominant — and now familiar — theme in the political history of twentieth-century China. More than thirty years ago, Mary Wright contended that nationalism...

Part III. In Search of Chineseness: Identity of a Nation

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8. Negotiating Chinese Identity in Five Dynasties Narratives: From the Old History to the New History

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pp. 223-238

This chapter explores historical ideas of Chinese (huaxia) identity through an examination of ethnic concepts implied in historical writings on the Five Dynasties, completed in the late tenth and early eleventh centuries. Its empirical focus is on the...

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9. Treaties, Politics and the Limits of Local Diplomacy in Fuzhou in the Early 1850s

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pp. 239-267

The interaction between China and foreign powers in the post-Opium War era is often seen in the context of either Western imperialism or Chinese xenophobia . While Chinese nationalistic historiography stresses the inevitability of clashes in the wake of Western imperialism, Western-language...

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10. On Being Chinese

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pp. 269-287

To some, being Chinese ethnically and politically is like being Jewish except that instead of a maternal lineage, the Chinese call for a paternal one. That was how the current regime in Taiwan defined it until 1999 when it required that both parents be Chinese. Since that...

Part IV. In Search of Chineseness: Community and Self

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pp. 289-413

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11. The Returned Overseas Chinese Community in Hong Kong: Some Observations

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pp. 291-310

Chinese social institutions in Hong Kong have never been homogeneous. In addition to the voluntary associations such as dialect associations and home village associations that' exist today, associations of returned overseas Chinese established since the 1970s are of...

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12. Writing the Chinese Canadian Diaspora: Multiculturalism and Confucian Values

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pp. 311-330

In contrast to the established discipline of Asian American studies,1 Asian Canadian studies is a small field and only in the past decade have Chinese Canadian authors writing in English attracted the attention of both academia and a readership in mainstream Canadian society.2 For Sky...

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13. Langxiain's 'Siege at Yangzhom': A Post-Ming Reading

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pp. 331-352

A single short story by an obscure seventeenth-century writer seems an unlikely focus for a sequence of scholarly articles published over the past decade. Such, however, has been the fate of a story by a writer known only as Langxian, whose surname may or not have been Xi,...

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14. The Slave Who Would Be Equal: The Significance of Liang Qichao's Australian Writings

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pp. 353-373

The year 1949 is officially remembered in China as the year of Liberation (jiefang). In English, at least, the term Liberation generally implies freedom — freedom of speech, freedom of movement, freedom of assembly, freedom of organization, freedom to elect and to remove governments, the freedom...

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Epilogue. Wang Gungwu: An Oral History

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pp. 375-413

This short history of Professor Wang Gungwu's life is derived from nine in-depth interviews with him in Singapore from March to October 1999.1 It aims to document the important events in his life through his own words as much as possible. Unless otherwise remarked...

Appendix. Selected Publications (1957-2001)

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pp. 415-427

Glossary

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pp. 429-437

Index

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pp. 439-460


E-ISBN-13: 9789882202511
Print-ISBN-13: 9789622095908

Page Count: 484
Publication Year: 2003

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Subject Headings

  • China -- History -- 20th century.
  • China -- Social conditions.
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