Proceedings of the Asahikawa-Sapporo International Symposium
Publication Year: 1989
Published by: Hong Kong University Press, HKU
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Land-use change is ubiquitous. This volume, in bringing together a range of studies presented at a Symposium held in Hokkaido, Japan, in August 1987, illustrates this truth. Urbanization has brought in its train vast changes in peri-urban zones and in distant mountain villages. Political change and population growth have brought with them pressing needs for agricultural land and ...
1. Smith, Ricardo, Stalin and the ‘Irrationality’ of Present-day Global Land Use
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The time was, in one's school-days, when global land-use patterns seemed as fixed and immutable as the laws of the Medes and Persians, when the ‘rational' zonation was one which accorded with climatic and topographical parameters, when corn was grown in the Corn Belt, when rubber was grown in Malaya, when dairy cattle and sheep were raised in New Zealand because the land ‘was ...
2. Public Intervention in Land-use Conversion: Western Europe and Japan
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In Japanese urban planning there is no exception to the generalization in the quotation from Masser. Urban planning originated and evolved in Europe and the Japanese imported it and legislated in the Meiji and Taisho periods. There are two different European views on Japanese urban planning. According to one view, Japan's urban sprawl is the result of planning failure. Another view ...
3. The Recent Trend of Land Transactions in Japan
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Every prefecture in Japan is obligated to carry out an annual survey called the 'Survey of Land-use Trend'. The Survey started in 1980 with the aim of providing prefectures with the most up-to-date and comprehensive land-related information for the management of the prefectural Land-use Master Plans. As the Survey is carried out in all prefectures based on the same instruction (National Land ...
4. Development of Land-use Map Series in Japan
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In Japan, land-use information has been prepared for the whole country since 1946. It now consists of a land-use map series and a digital land information series. This paper describes general historical trends along with fundamental conceptions, contents and actual conditions of preparation of these sets of information. ...
5. Land-use Planning in Japan
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Japan is a small, mountainous country with a high population density. lts land area is about 380 000 km 2, which makes up only 0.3 per cent of the world's land area, while its population of about 120 million forms two per cent of the world's population. Furthermore, it is estimated that only 80 000 km 2 of its land is topographically habitable. The need for an orderly and rational use of this ...
6. Land-use Change in the Tarai Region of Uttar Pradesh, India
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In developing countries the increasing pressure of population and consequent rising demand for food and shelter are putting great strain on land as well as on traditional ways of life. They have been exerting a great pressure over forested areas, fallows and other vacant lands towards a change in land use. The influx of population in areas hitherto sparsely populated further aggravates ...
7. The Dynamics of Change in Rural Land Ownership and Land Use in Scotland
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Much of the literature on land-use change is concerned with aggregate transfers of land between different types of land use. While the scale and direction of such transfers are obviously of primary importance, there are other aspects of land-use change which have, by comparison, been neglected by research workers. In particular there is the question of how land-use change is carried out. ...
8. Land-use Change in the Mountains of Japan since the Period of Higher Economic Growth
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About 70 per cent of Japanese land is mountainous. Figure 8.1 shows land use in Japan. The plains are mostly in urban and agricultural uses with very high densities, averaging 1 850 persons per square kilometer. Most mountain areas have been used for forest and these extend from north to south. The most prominent mountains are found in central Japan, where the highest peaks are ...
9. Land-use Change and Farmland Conservation at the Foot of Mount Tokachi and in the Upper Tama Valley, Japan
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In recent years, changes in agricultural methods and in agricultural management on hillside fields throughout Japan have caused a decrease in soil fertility resulting in soil erosion. This report sets forth the relationship between changes in land use on hillside farms and the conservation of agricultural land using Hokkaido, where modern large-scale agricultural methods are being ...
10. Agricultural Land-use Survey by Landsat MSS Data
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Traditional intensive agricultural surveys in Japan have put stress on the understanding of the evolution of farming systems under the circumstances of rapid economic growth. Therefore, agricultural land-use surveys have been designed in close relation to the evaluation of potential productivity as well as to the improvement of farm management. ...
11. Urban Land Use and Urban Renewal in Japan
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The present paper shows the present condition of urban land use and the processes of urban land-use change in Japan. It is necessary for full understanding of the major features of urban land use to grasp a few indices pertaining to Japanese urbanization and urban land use. These are the population and the area of densely inhabited districts, urbanization promotion ...
12. Detailed Digital Land-use Survey in the Metropolitan Regions of Japan
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A detailed Digital Land-use Survey is being conducted by the Geographical Survey Institute in the three metropolitan regions of Japan at about five-year intervals. The digital data collected are used in working out an appropriate policy to supply land for housing, offices, urban industries, public facilities and other uses. These data are also quite useful for other regional planning purposes ...
13. Land-use Control in the Peri-urban Areas of Japan
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Built-up areas in Japan are expanding rapidly into the surrounding rural areas. According to the White Paper on National Land Use, the rate of increase of the built-up area was about three per cent per year between 1972 and 1983 (National Land Agency, 1985). This rate was about three times that of Japan's population increase during the same period. The government of Japan allows a ...
14. Environmental Planning for Land-use Change in Japan: The Tokyo Bay Area Coastal Cities Study
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The methodology used in the research presented in this paper is shown in Figure 14.1. In brief, after the study area is defined from the viewpoint of the Bay, a basic ecological inventory of the Bay area as a whole, in this case the Tokyo Bay area, is done. To the extent permitted by existing data, both natural and socio-cultural factors are included. This information is mapped at a common ...
15. The Use and Provision of Urban Land for Ecology Field Teaching: Recent Developments in North London
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The concept of town nature reserves, particularly for the use of schools, is not new. Local educational nature reserves were proposed in 1947 by the government's wildlife conservation committee chaired by Sir Julian Huxley. They recommended that such reserves should be made available at least to all the large centres of population so that they can be used by schools. It has taken ...
16. The Development of Housing Estates (Danchi) in Hilly Areas in Kobe, Japan
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A frame of reference for research in land-use change is sketched in Figure 16.1 which will serve as background. Usually social geography concentrates its attention on the behaviour of persons and households, and, in this context, to the policies of the planning authority. But in order to explain land use and its change in Kobe it is necessary to broaden the scope further to the behaviour of ...
17. Land Conditions and Land Use in the Tama Hill Area, Tokyo--an Application of the Digital National Land Information System
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The Digital National Land Information System was set up in 1974 by the Geographical Survey Institute, Ministry of Construction. The Digital National Land Information System consists of regional information, such as land conditions, land use, basic infrastructures, statutory regulations and land value. These data are stored in figures and in symbols on magnetic tapes for ...
18. Urban Land-use Changes with Special Reference to Visakhapatnam, India
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Visakhapatnam, one of the major ports of India, is a rapidly-growing city situated on the East Coast of India. Geographical nodality seems to be a powerful factor in the growth of the town. It is bounded by two hill ranges of the Eastern Ghats—the Kailasa range on the north and Yarada range on the south (Figure 18.1). The Bay o fBengal forms the eastern boundary of the town ...
19. The Urban Growth of Sapporo—Viewed from the Perspectives of Land Use and Land Price
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The origin of Sapporo dates back to 1869 when the Hokkaido Kaitakushi or the Colonization Agency of Hokkaido was founded. Since then Sapporo has been serving as a major centre for the colonization of Hokkaido. Before the World War II, however, the city of Otaru was more flourishing with its commerce and trade than Sapporo. The establishment of the Hokkaido Development Agency ...
20. Planning and Land-Use Change in Britain
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In 1947 the British Parliament passed a Town and Country Planning Act which decreed that henceforth no land use might change without planning permission and that a vast new planning machine should be created to exercise comprehensive control. The changes of the following 40 years have received the attentions of an army of up to 27 000 planners, led by national planners in the ...
Page Count: 260
Publication Year: 1989