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Geography and the Environment in Southeast Asia

Proceedings of the Geology Jubilee Symposium, The University of Hong Kong, 21-25 June 1976

R.D. Hill ,Jennifer M. Bray

Publication Year: 1978

Published by: Hong Kong University Press, HKU

Table of Contents

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pp. v-vii

List of Tables

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pp. viii-xi

List of Figures

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pp. xii-xv

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Foreword

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pp. xvi-xvii

Southeast Asia was presented at a Jubilee symposium held from 21-25 June 1976 at the University of Hong Kong, to mark the 25th year of a Department of Geography and the 21st year of a Chair of Geography in the There is an obvious danger that geographicaI studies of Hong Kong could become a cataIogue of environmentaI problems, both on land and sea...

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1. Geography at the University of Hong Kong

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pp. 1-3

Although 1976 is the silver jubilee year of the geography department, geography has formed part of the curriculum since the very early days of the University. Geography was a requirement in the Hong Kong University Entrance Examination as early as 1912 and was taught in the University as an...

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2. Plenary Address -- Problems and Approaches to Environmental Management in Southeast Asia

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pp. 5-13

The perception of environmental issues in Southeast Asia has increased markedly since the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in June 1972. Most countries have taken steps towards establishing national environmental policies and instituting mechanisms whereby they...

The Urban Environment

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pp. 15-104

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3. The Urban Environment in Southeast Asia – Challenge and Opportunity

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pp. 17-33

As a region, Southeast Asla is characterized by an overaIl low level of urbanlzatlon but also by a hlgh degree ofprimacy. However, the increase in urban population has been outstripping the growth of the population as a whole. In the decade of the 1950s, the total population of Southeast Asia...

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4. Exorcising the Bedevilled City of Angels

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pp. 35-52

The title of this paper,‘Exorcising the Bedevilled City of Angels', might refer to any extant metropolitan complex. It does refer to Bangkok, pre-eminent example of the primate city and the capital of Thailand. Bangkok , or more properly Krung Thep, has been popularized as the 'City of...

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5. Environmental Pollution -- the Search for a Solution in Singapore

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pp. 53-68

Singapore was beset with social and economic problems during the years following the achievement of self-rule in 1959. In the 1950s, a four per cent rate of population growth, high unemployment rates coupled with labour unrest, and an acute shortage ofhousing were among its more pressing...

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6. The Impact of the City on the Environment: Squatters before and after Development: the Case of Tsuen Wan, Hong Kong

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pp. 69-77

What has been long apparent

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7. Transport and the Environment: Hong Kong Transport and the Metro

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pp. 79-85

There is no generally agreed definition of 'the environment'. Normally something is considered to be ‘bad for the environment' if an individual is adversely affected by a new development, whereas the impact of existing facilities is frequently ignored. Transport is somewhat easier to define, being...

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8. The Impact of Urbanization on the Environment -- a Case Study of Bangkok

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pp. 87-104

Never before have problems of the enVlronment received so much attention as today. A deteriorating environment is viewed as one of three threats, together with nuclear war and a worldwide food shortage, menacing the survival of human civi1ization (Dwyer, 1972). The United Nations held a...

The Impact of the City on Rural Areas

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pp. 105-192

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9. Urbanization and Rural Change -- Tambon Om Noi

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pp. 107-144

This is a report of field research which was carried out in Tambon om Noi, near Bangkok, during 1972 and 1973 with the co-operation of the National Research Council of Thailand. The purpose of the research was threefold: first to provide materials on rural change under the impact of...

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10. The Tai Shang Wai Housing Project Controversy

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pp. 145-163

Coastal wetlands are one of the most endangered ecosystems in the world , and are constantly subject to destruction by reclamation in the process of urbanization. In recent years, ecologists and biologists have indicated that wetlands are not only areas of natural beauty but also very a productive...

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11. Urbanization and Agriculture: the Impact of Agricultural and Town Development on the Rural Environment in Hong Kong

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pp. 165-183

Urbanization has proceeded apace in this century and projections for the year 2000 indicate that 63 per cent of the population of developed countries and 31 per cent of the population of developing countries will reside in urban settlements and this is particularly the case in Hong Kong....

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12. A Study of Land Use and Socio-Economic and Demographic Change in the Suburban Areas of Bangkok Metropolitan

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pp. 185-192

This report presents the results of a series of preliminary surveys of land use and of socio-economic and demographic change in the suburban areas of Bangkok Metropolitan, conducted by the Institute of Population Studies and the Institute of Environmental Research, Chulalongkorn...

The Impact of Development on Rural Life and Environment

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pp. 193-253

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13. Natural Resource Conservation -- the Geographer's View

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pp. 195-204

According to Malthusians, the human race has been breeding itself to extinction. It is also bringing about the destruction of many other forms of l

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14. Upland Development and Prospects for the Rural Poor: Experience in Northern Thailand

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pp. 205-216

Air pollution, the dumping of industrial waste and inadequate urban housing for low-income families are the normal accompaniments of urban and industrial deve1cpment in Southeast Asia. It is comforting to argue that various kinds of environmental damage are part of the costs of economic...

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15. The Environmental Impact of some Dams In Southeast Asia

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pp. 217-224

Rapid technological development and man's attempt to control nature can cause changes in the natural environment. The advent of manmade lakes as a result of construction of dams to harness water resources is known to cause such beneficial environmental changes as the development of...

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16. Youth Land Settlement Schemes in Malaysia

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pp. 225-246

High rates of unemployment are characteristic of all developing coun tries and are a major criterion of underdevelopment. In Southeast Asia it is mainly the young generation within the age brackets between 15 and 25 years who cannot be integrated into the labour process. The problem of...

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17. The Impact of Road Networks on Rural Development in Sarawak, East Malaysia

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pp. 247-253

For decades, internal transportation in Sarawak relied heavily on rivers: linkages between the administrative Divisions, towns and villages were mainly by boat. Major rivers and their tributaries formed the backbone of the transportation system in each Division, with few apparent problems of...

Analysis and Planning

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pp. 255-371

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18. Impact of Development on the Rural Environment

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pp. 257-283

Energy, resources and environment are intimately related in any consideration of the impact of development upon rural areas. Countries in Southeast As

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19. Some Tools for Managing the Natural Environment

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pp. 285-295

With expanding populat

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20. The Role of the Private Sector in Housing the Urban Poor

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pp. 297-322

The subject of this paper is housing for the poor, one of the most basic elements within the urban environment. Throughout the discussion the term environment is used in its widest sense to encompass not only the physical aspects of housing provision but aJso the economic, social and...

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21. Planning for Environmental Balance: a Theoretical Study of the Hong Kong Situation

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pp. 323-343

The backbone of the town planning profession is the concept that all elements of the community should be guided and their efforts co-ordinated to strive for a ‘good environment'. What constitutes a ‘good environment' is subject to debate, but the principle is now universally accepted by planners...

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22. The Hong Kong Countryside and its Importance to the Community

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pp. 345-352

Many visitors are understandably overwhelmed by the sheer numbers of people in Hong Kong, by the high rates of occupancy and residentiaI densities, and by the apparently completely urban outlook of most of the people they meet. Consequently, most tourists carry away with them an impression...

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23. Contemporary Features of the Population of Hong Kong

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pp. 353-371

This paper presents some preliminary consideration of changes in Hong Kong's population over the last ten years. In addition to the Population census of 1971 the principal source of information has been the Monthly digest of statistics...

Education and Environment

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pp. 373-481

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24. Landscape and Ecosystem -- a Conceptual Model for a Geography Curriculum

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pp. 375-393

The last two decades have been characterized by technological changes in communications and in data collection which have contributed to an explosive growth of information about the world in which we live. This accumulation of data is being accelerated by the increased usage of...

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25. Concepts in Geography -- Teaching and Learning -- Challenges Offered by Changes in the Hong Kong Advanced Level Geography Curriculum

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pp. 395-424

To include the development of concepts among the aims of a geography curriculum raises important questlons about the structure of geography itself. This paper explores the view that geography can be seen to be structured about a hierarchy of interrelated concepts. In teaching a...

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26. The Role of Agricultural Geography in Environmental Education

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pp. 425-457

Southeast Asian countries are fortunate in being able to plan for environmental management before they experience the worst problems of mismanagement from which many developed countries of the Western world are suffering. The success of their planning will, however, depend largely on...

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27. Geography and Environmental Education in the Philippines

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pp. 459-467

The tern environment is open to many different interpretations. One writer defines it as the unique skin of soil, water, gaseous atmosphere , mineral nutrients and organisms that cover the otherwise undistinguished planet earth. Another writer defmes the environment as constituting those natural...

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28. Environmental Education in Hong Kong

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pp. 469-481

This paper is intended to give an account of what the Education Department of the Hong Kong government has done, is doing and plans to do in the field of environmental education. In Hong Kong, educational intcrest in the environment, from both intra-curricular and extra-curricular...

Addresses of Contributors

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pp. 483-485


E-ISBN-13: 9789882201422
Print-ISBN-13: 9789622090095

Page Count: 502
Publication Year: 1978