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Elderly Chinese in Pacific Rim Countires

Social Support and Integration

Iris Chi ,Neena L. Chappell ,James Lubben

Publication Year: 2001

This book investigates the varied adaptations of social support systems and social integration among ageing Chinese populations within a diverse set of countries in the Pacific Rim region.

Published by: Hong Kong University Press, HKU


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pp. v- vii

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pp. ix-xiii

This book considers the experience of Chinese ageing within different social contexts with contrasting social beliefs and values. A particular focus of this study is on social support and social integration. Social support is one of the most important factors in determining an older person's quality of life. Social support networks have gained increased respect from a diverse group of scholars inspired by a growing body of social science and epidemiological evidence suggesting that social support networks effect a broad spectrum of psychosocial and health phenomena...


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pp. xv-xviii

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1. Silent Pain: Social Isolation of the Elderly Chinese in Canada

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pp. 1-15

This study explores the perceptions of elderly Chinese people in a small urban area in one of the Atlantic provinces in Canada, who, for reasons such as health or finance, find themselves living with and dependent on their adult children. It explores their perceptions of how the care-receiving situation affects their health and adjustment to Canada. Current knowledge about the effects of socio-economic factors, the need to feel useful and productive, to have a sense of control over ones life, and the positive effect of social connections and other determinants of health...

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2. Long-term Care in Hong Kong: The Myth of Social Support and Integration

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pp. 17-34

Community care has been the major policy objective in developing services for the elderly in Hong Kong since its adoption in 1977 (Hong Kong government 1977). Not only has the notion of family care been commonly practised among the elderly Chinese, but it has also been accepted within the community as a family's responsibility to do so (Hong Kong government 1990). ...

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3. The Lives of Elderly Bird-keepers: A Case Study of Hong Kong

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pp. 35-52

Bird-keeping is extremely popular in Hong Kong. A newspaper columnist once reported that bird-shop owners estimated there were about 200 000 bird-keepers in Hong Kong. Although the number may not be accurate, we can see that people keep birds everywhere. If we look into the windows of any residential buildings, it is not difficult to find cages hung against windows or in the balcony. ...

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4. Social Support Networks among Elderly Chinese Americans in Los Angeles

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pp. 53-65

The study of elderly Chinese American populations is of increasing importance. Between 1980 and 1990, the total Chinese American population grew eight times faster than the total US population (Barringer, Gardner and Levin 1993). Largely, it was immigration rather than new births that drove this surge because Chinese American women have one of the lowest fertility rates among American women. ...

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5. Social Support of the Elderly Chinese: Comparisons between China and Canada

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pp. 67-80

While studies of life satisfaction and quality of life abound in gerontology, only recently has attention focussed on the elderly Asians, specifically Chinese, in this area. Understandably, most of the research on the elderly Chinese discusses those living in one location, for example, in Hong Kong or in Calgary. Research examining the quality of life among the elderly Asians, specifically Chinese, has to date not incorporated cross-national comparisons. ...

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6. Social Support and Integration: An Illustration of the Golden Guides Uniform Group in Hong Kong

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pp. 81-96

The effects o f population ageing are felt today in many Asian nations (Lee 1995). In Hong Kong, the population passed the six million figure for the first time in 1996 and reached 6 860 000 in 2000, comprising 3 462 500 men and 3 397 500 women (Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department 1997, p. 7, Table 1). Life expectancy, which was estimated to be 75.1 for men and 80.8 for women in 1991, ...

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7. Health-related Quality of Life of the Elderly in Hong Kong: Impact of Social Support

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pp. 97-113

The ageing of society presents challenges to social and economic development all over the world. A strategic aim of the World Health Organization is to promote healthy ageing so as to: (1) maximize independent living of older persons and promote their further contributions to society; and (2) minimize the demands for family and social care for older persons. The quality of life of the elderly population would be greatly improved if these goals could be achieved. ...

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8. Care of the Elderly in One-child Families in China: Issues and Measures

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pp. 115-123

The mainland of China has the largest number of elderly of Chinese origin than anywhere else in the world. It was estimated that, at the end of 1999, the population aged 65 or above reached 92 510 000 and accounted for 7.6% of the total population (State Statistical Bureau 2000). There will be extremely prominent social issues in China in the future — how to take good care of a large number of elderly people in one-child families. ...

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9. The Practice of Filial Piety among the Chinese in Hong Kong

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pp. 125-136

As a society made up predominantly of the Chinese race, it is only natural for the Chinese culture to exert an influence on how elderly people are being treated in th e Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China. For thousands of years, the Chinese culture has been described as one of respecting the old, or xiao, as known in the old classics. Although some people have found this value too oppressive and inapplicable in the modern society, it is, however, still very much treasured and upheld by Chinese people all over the world (Chow 1991). ...

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10. Social Support and Integration of Long-term Care for the Elderly: Current Status and Perspectives in Taiwan

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pp. 137-150

Population ageing is a worldwide phenomenon. It ha s become a major challenge in most regions/countries as to the provision of support and care for their elderly citizens. Taiwan is projected to be second fastest in 'population ageing speed' in the next 30 years compared to comparable ageing countries, just following Japan (Table 1). That is, according to official prediction, the period for the doubling of the aged population in Taiwan, from 7% to 14%...

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11. Social Support and Medication Use: A Cross-cultural Comparison

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pp. 151-169

After decades of research, gerontologists have come to a clear consensus that older adults are characterized by their heterogeneity rather than their homogeneity. As people age, their life experiences contribute to their uniqueness physically, psychologically and culturally (Fry 1990). Cultural and ethnic variations in health have been known for some time, and strict medical or biological models have not been able to explain more than a fraction of these variations. ...

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12. Family Support and Community-based Services in China

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pp. 171-188

Over the past two decades, the economy of China has been one of the fastest growing economies in the world. Between 1978 and 1996, China's GDP grew at an average of 10% a year, and an average of 6% to 8% is expected in the first decade of the twenty-first century . More significantly, with a GDP per capita reaching US$961 in 1998, it is now ranked as a middle-income country...

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13. The Role of Social Support in the Relationship between Physical Health Strain and Depression of Elderly Chinese

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pp. 189-200

The examinations of social support and of life stress are two leading approaches to contemporary social studies of depression. During the past several decades, considerable research effort has been devoted to investigating the impact of life stress on mental health. There is ample evidence which shows that stressors may play a causal role in depression. Yet the evidence is also clear in suggesting that the majority of people who are exposed to stressors do not develop significant depressive disorders. ...

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14. Living Arrangements and Adult Children's Support for the Elderly in the New Urban Areas of Mainland China

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pp. 201-219

In the past two decades, China has experienced rapid urbanization. Statistics show that in 1978, the urbanization rate in China was only 17.92%, whereas in 1995, the level of urbanization reached 29.04% (State Statistical Bureau 1996). In the process of this rapid urbanization, many cities have encroached on outlying farmland, transforming these previously rural areas into new urban districts. ...

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15. Elderly Chinese in Public Housing: Social Integration and Support in Metro Toronto Housing Company

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pp. 221-239

By the year 2021, the elderly Canadian population is expected to exceed five million if present immigration levels and mortality rates are sustained (Secretary of State 1988).1 The largest ethnic group in Canada who are unable to speak either of Canada's two official languages is the Chinese (population: 100 185). Elderly Chinese are expected to lead the growth rate among ethnic elderly people between 1991 and 2006...

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16. Health and Care Utilization Patterns of the Community-dwelling Elderly Persons in Hong Kong

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pp. 241-256

Hong Kong is no exception to the global trend of population ageing. It is predicted that people aged 65 or over will increase from 10% in 1991 to 13.3% over the next two decades in Hong Kong (Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department 1997). Concerning those aged 60 or over, in 50 years' time, they will make up about two-fifths of the population in Hong Kong. By 2025, the proportion of elderly population in Hong Kong will be higher than that in Japan and China (Ming Pao Daily News 1999). ...


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pp. 257-260

E-ISBN-13: 9789882201170
Print-ISBN-13: 9789622095328

Page Count: 280
Publication Year: 2001

Research Areas


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Subject Headings

  • Older people -- Pacific Area -- Social conditions.
  • Older people -- Care -- Pacific Area.
  • Chinese -- Population.
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