The Dynamics of Social Movements in Hong Kong
Publication Year: 2000
Published by: Hong Kong University Press, HKU
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Most past research on Hong Kong has been generally aimed to inform a diverse audience about the place and its people. Beginning in the 1950s, the aim of scholars and journalists who came to Hong Kong was to study China, which had not yet opened its doors to fieldwork by outsiders. Accordingly, the relevance of Hong Kong was limited to its status as a society adjacent to mainland China....
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The idea of developing an edited volume on the dynamics of social movement in Hong Kong was initiated by Ming Chan and Gerard Postiglione when they were general editors of the book series entitled Hong Kong Becoming China: The Transition to 1997. They have been very helpful and supportive throughout the years. A special note of thanks should be given to Ming Chan; without his...
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1. Introduction — Changing Political Opportunities and the Shaping of Collective Action: Social Movements in Hong Kong
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The 1997 question brought Hong Kong under the spotlight of the international news media. The change in sovereignty over Hong Kong on 1 July 1997 was a world event of the 1990s. Largely due to such media attention, various aspects of Hong Kong politics — from tensions and conflicts in the diplomatic talks between China and Britain to the prospects of capitalist Hong Kong under...
2. Mobilization for Political Change —The Pro-democracy Movement in Hong Kong (1980s-1994)
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In the late twentieth century, one of the most significant and widespread phenomenon in the world has been the global process of democratization.1 Between 1974 and 1991, 40 countries in the world became significantly democratized.2 The wave of democratization started with the toppling of Western Europe's last three dictatorships in Greece, Spain and Portugal. It then...
3. The Pro-Chinese Democracy Movement in Hong Kong
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The 1989 pro-democracy movement in China triggered worldwide pro-Chinese democracy movements, in Hong Kong and in many other cities throughout the world.1 The strong ethnic, cultural, economic and political ties between Hong Kong and China made the pro-Chinese democracy movement (PCDM) in Hong Kong the largest such movement in all the overseas Chinese communities in the...
4. Contestatory Unionism: Trade Unions in the Private Sector1
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In the early 1980s, studies by England and Rear, and Turner et al. of Hong Kong's postwar industrial relations concluded that the local trade union movement had only marginal influence at the workplace, industry and societal levels. Their explanations for this marginality differed however. England and Rear put considerable stress on the nature of worker orientations in combination with...
5. Bureaucratic Insurgency: The Public Sector Labour Movement
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During the 1970s a trade union growth wave, marked by a continuous increase in the number of unions and union membership, surged through Hong Kong's public sector. This wave persisted into the 1980s and 1990s. Associated with it was collective protest by some unions in the form of wall posters, petitions, marches to Government House, and work-to-rule actions over the employment...
6. The Rise and Fall of Community Mobilization: The Housing Movement in Hong Kong
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In the 1980s, the housing movement in Hong Kong was viewed by students of social protests as one of the major forces generating social and political changes.1 It was argued that it had served as a training ground for movement activists who subsequently became politicians, enabling them to gain access to the consultative and legislative bodies at different levels of the political system in the 1980s. As a social force representing the grass roots, it had played a critical...
7. The Student Movement in Hong Kong: Transition to a Democratizing Society
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Hong Kong's democratization, officially termed the development towards a representative government, began with the introduction in 1982 of the District Board, which had popularly elected members in its composition. The democratization of politics at the district level since then eventually cumulated in the introduction of indirectly elected members in 1985, and directly elected...
8. Public Discourses and Collective Identities: Emergence of Women as a Collective Actor in the Women's Movement in Hong Kong1
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The 'new social movements' paradigm has drawn analytical attention towards what is called the 'politics of identity'. The women's movement, along with the gay and lesbian movement, the peace movement, the environmental movement, youth and counter-cultural movements, are the most frequently cited examples of identity politics. Although critics have challenged the idea of 'new social...
9. Greening of Hong Kong? — Forms of Manifestation of Environmental Movements
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Environmental movements and their discourse on society and politics have been controversial in many ways. They are not just about how and what the state or the people should do to the degraded environment, but also about the competing ways of governance over the natural world.1 This chapter examines different forms of environmental movements, focusing on the case of Hong...
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Page Count: 320
Publication Year: 2000