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Colonial Hong Kong and Modern China

Interaction and Reintegration

Pui-tak Lee

Publication Year: 2005

The evolution of Hong Kong, as a British colony and now a Special Administrative Region at China's door step, has always been inextricably intertwined with the situation in China. This relationship is examined through various perspectives in this volume.

Published by: Hong Kong University Press, HKU

Cover Art

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Title Page

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pp. iii


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pp. v-vi

List of Illustrations

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pp. vii

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pp. ix

Since the resumption of Chinese sovereignty in Hong Kong in July 1997, a series of conferences, workshops and seminars were held at the University of Hong Kong on the important topic of Hong Kong's position in modern Chinese history. Those events have inspired the publication of this volume,...

About the Contributors

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pp. xi-xii

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Introduction: History of Hong Kong and History of Modern China: Unravelling the Relationship

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pp. 1-5

The handover of Hong Kong to Chinese sovereignty in 1997 marked a new phase in Hong Kong's history. Politically, the new Special Administrative Region government was set up, and the quasi constitution Basic Law decreed that Hong Kong should be ruled under the principle of One Country Two Systems. Implicit was that China...

Part I: History of Hong Kong

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1.The Common People in Hong Kong History: Their Livelihood and Aspirations Until the 1930s

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pp. 9-37

Several themes recur frequently in the writing of Hong Kong's history. G. B. Endacott began with government policies, James Hayes continued with the history of the people of the New Territories, Elizabeth Sinn and Carl Smith described the elites, and now Ming K. Chan and Tsai Jungfang have started on the history of the working...

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2.Religion in Hong Kong History

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pp. 39-55

Organized religion is an important part of Hong Kong social life that has been overlooked by most historians of Hong Kong. This essay will attempt an historical overview of the relationship between religion and Hong Kong society, focusing on Christianity, Buddhism and Daoism during three key periods, viz., the beginnings of the city,...

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3.The Sunday Rest Issue in Nineteenth Century Hong Kong

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pp. 57-68

Holidays, although they provide the pleasure of being free from work, have often touched on religious, cultural, economic and politically sensitive issues when they involve edicts which allow or disallow labour. Much skill and political wisdom is needed to launch a new holiday that is generally accepted by inhabitants. By government...

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4.Governorships of Lugard and May: Fears of Double Allegiance and Perceived Disloyalty

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pp. 69-88

Historical studies of colonial Hong Kong that hint at, or raise questions about, the issue of multiple loyalties have focused on the leading members of the residing Chinese community, with an emphasis given to their dynamic adaptations to changing circumstances and situational factors.1 Despite the new light they throw on elitist patriotism...

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5.The Making of a Market Town in Rural Hong Kong: The Luen Wo Market

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pp. 89-101

William Skinner argues that analysing the Chinese marketing system can capture the peasant's social life beyond the narrow horizons of his village and the interlineage ties at regional levels. This approach challenges anthropological work on Chinese society, which has focused almost exclusively on the lineage village, thus...

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6.Recording a Rich Heritage: Research in Hong Kong's "New Territories"

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pp. 103-114

Research is influenced, perhaps more than we care to admit, by historical and political circumstances. These present opportunities, impose constraints, and influence what we study. These circumstances not only include trends within our disciplines, but also the contexts within which our work...

Part II: Hong Kong and Its Relations With Modern China

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7.The Contribution Made by Frederick Stewart (1836-1889) Through the Hong Kong Government Education System and Its Pupils, to the Modernization of China

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pp. 117-134

Given the feeling (particularly intense at the time when the United Kingdom handed Hong Kong back to Chinese sovereignty at midnight on 30 June 1997) that Hong Kong has played and can still play a part in influencing the development of China, it is interesting to consider what influence the Hong Kong government education system...

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8.The Use of Sinology in the Nineteenth Century: Two Perspectives Revealed in the History of Hong Kong

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pp. 135-154

Of the three reasons for the "eventual acceptance of Sinology as an academic subject," as suggested by Wolfgang Franke (1912- ), the third reason, "practical requirements in the wake of colonial expansion,"2 is of particular relevance for students of Hong Kong history. This chapter investigates the historical connotations of "practical requirements"...

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9.The Guangxi Clique and Hong Kong: Sanctuary in a Dangerous World

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pp. 155-167

In the spring of 1929, Li Zongren slipped into Hong Kong, and established himself in his house at 92 Robinson Road. His great venture to control central China had just collapsed in ruins, and his home province, Guangxi, was about to fall into the hands of rebellious subordinates. Li's Robinson Road house was a roomy, three storey foreign-style house,...

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10.Business and Radicalism: Hong Kong Chinese Merchants and the Chinese Communist Movement, 1921-1934

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pp. 169-183

At the beginning of the twenty-first century, it is difficult to come to grips with the extent and intensity of the radical nature of the political changes the people in China and the Chinese in British Hong Kong experienced at the beginning of the last century. From the 1911 Revolution China, with which Hong Kong was inextricably bound notwithstanding...

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11.Made in China or Made in Hong Kong? National Goods and the Hong Kong Business Community

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pp. 185-198

Guohuo, national goods, was a term being used from the early 1900s to refer to goods produced in China by Chinese owned and managed factories.1 It was a notion that emerged in the context of a series of boycott campaigns against foreign goods from the early 1900s and, in particular, against Japanese goods in the 1930s. A national reaction to foreign...

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12.Hong Kong's Economic Relations With China 1949-55: Blockade, Embargo and Financial Controls

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pp. 199-218

Hong Kong's post-war relations with China were rocked by three shocks associated with the victory of the Chinese Communist Party in 1949. The first was the blockade of Shanghai and the Pearl River by retreating nationalist forces and subsequent air raids on shipping. The second was the embargo on trade with China, Hong Kong and Macau...


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pp. 219-263

Chinese Glossary

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pp. 265-271


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pp. 273-289


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pp. 291-295

E-ISBN-13: 9789882200784
Print-ISBN-13: 9789622097209

Page Count: 308
Publication Year: 2005