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Building Enclosure in Hong Kong

Wah Sang Wong

Publication Year: 1998

This book examines in detail the external walls of buildings in Hong Kong. It is organized into two parts. The first part of the book presents readers with various factors such as technology and sustainability that affect the design of external walls. The twenty case studies in the second part illustrate a range of external wall designs in current trends that take account of both environmental and aesthetic issues.

Published by: Hong Kong University Press, HKU

Title page, Copyright

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pp. v-vi

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pp. vii

This publication is a significant first step in dealing with the problem of building enclosure in Hong Kong. The hot, humid climate usually creates many problems for enclosures, especially when air and water pollution affect the outer surface of buildings. This is often compounded in Hong Kong ...

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pp. viii

This edition of Building Enclosure in Hong Kong is intended as an educational tool for students of architecture or construction as well as an academic exchange of practice methodology for fellow professionals. The aim is to contribute to the advancement of architecture through education and practice. ...

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pp. ix

The author is grateful to the following architectural firms for their assistance and permission to use their drawings in the case studies: All Arts Limited; Anthony Ng Architects Ltd.; Architectural Services Department; Dennis Lau & Ng Chun Man Architects & Engineers (HK) Ltd.; ...

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1. Enclosures for Buildings in Hong Kong

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pp. 1-8

The enclosure is the building skin or envelope covering the building mass and forming the building elevation or facade. Creation and order are the directing and generating lines from the building mass which means the plan in three-dimensional form and space. The enclosure gives the architectural expression ...

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2. Verbena Heights

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pp. 9-24

This is a case study of a high-rise housing design demonstrating different design strategies for dealing with environmental problems. The basic technique is not using sophisticated high-tech expensive products but common local construction technology to achieve environmental benefits by careful planning ...

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3. Hong Kong Technical College (Tsing Yi)

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pp. 25-34

This case study presents another project that exploits environmental techniques to construct an energy efficient building. Site planning and massing are the initial steps to consider for saving energy. Thus, the buildings are planned with the short sides facing east and west. Machinery rooms are placed on ...

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4. Public Toilet at Ngong Ping

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pp. 35-44

This is a one-storey building; the design of the roof is therefore a major consideration for the building enclosure. To allow light penetration and natural ventilation, an elevated pitched roof is used. This creates an opening at high level allowing diffused lighting and natural cross ventilation. Air intake at low level ...

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5. The New Peng Chau Market

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pp. 45-54

This is another case study of a building enclosure which focuses on environmental control. The project is a three-storey building housing the market stalls in the lower two levels. The machinery rooms are on the top floor. This offers a thermal insulation buffer against the solar heat gain on the roof. ...

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6. Maple Garden Phase 3

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pp. 55-64

This case study is an example of a small house design using local construction techniques. The two-storey house is intended for single family living. Accommodation includes three bedrooms, a living/ dining area and a kitchen. The total floor area of the two storeys is only about 70 m2. A small garden ...

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7. The Peninsula Hotel Extension

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pp. 65-78

This is a project using modern materials to match with the details of an existing old landmark. The scale of the much larger extension is broken down by dividing the elevation into smaller parts. This is made possible by using vertical stripes of dark colour curtain wall. The result is an integrated composition of old and new. ...

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8. The Administration Building at Lantau Island Crossing

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pp. 79-90

This is a special building alongside the highways for controlling vehicular passage from the new Tsing Ma Bridge to Lantau Island. The building is a simple fourstorey rectangular block. A cantilevered glass enclosure forms the control room. A steel structure with metal decking forms a workshop and fuel depot. ...

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9. The Lee Gardens

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pp. 91-104

Curtain wall is a favourite expression for most office buildings in Hong Kong. The Lee Gardens project is a fifty-storey office building. The tower block is generated from a stable, triangular structural plan. The podium has five levels and it houses the main entrance ...

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10. The Centre

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pp. 105-114

The site is in Central, a busy and crowded area for people as well as for buildings. The building is designed as a tall structure to free the ground-floor space for street-level activities and to afford a splendid sea view for the top floor tenants. The latter is mainly from an economical consideration for better market value. ...

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11. Titus Square

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pp. 115-124

The curtain wall for the tower incorporates two main types of panel. The first type has one-third of its height as the vision panel and the other two-thirds as the spandrel panel. The second type has a full-height vision glass incorporating a 200 mm high fan light for smoke extraction. This latter type is more open to the view ...

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12. The British Consulate-General

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pp. 125-138

This case study is a building complex consisting of the British Consulate-General, the British Council and a residential quarters. This enclosure is important to give an impression to the public of the 'British' outlook, yet at the same time responding to the site context. The complex is erected from a simple geometrical plan form. ...

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13. The Peak Tower

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pp. 139-152

This is a case study illustrating how the enclosure projects an important identity to the public. Construction technique and selection of materials enhance the contrast in building expression. This building also houses the tram terminal in the lower part of the building. The upper parts are restaurants ...

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14. St. Thomas the Apostle Church

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pp. 153-162

Spiritual expression is another form of presentation for the building enclosure. Religion as a spiritual subject is transformed into a physical architecture. In other words, architecture becomes a frozen spiritual symbol. This case study is about a building addressing such spiritual issues in additon to functional and environmental issues. ...

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15. Bishop Lei International House

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pp. 163-172

This is a case study of a high-rise, 24-storey block. In addition, it has two semi-basements using conventional local building techniques to complete the external elevations. The difference lies in the exploitation of the plan form and feature details to make an otherwise standard hostel design a special building ...

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16. The New KCRC Station

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pp. 173-186

The wave roof is used to incorporate skylights as natural lighting. By using full-height glass walls, much energy required for lighting can be reduced. To supplement the skylight, artificial lights are incorporated to control the light intensity inside the pavilion. The wave roof also forms deep eaves to shade excessive ...

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17. The Hong Kong Stadium

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pp. 187-200

With anchor points extending beyond the stadium, a pair of elegant arches span 240 m from the prime structure to answer the client's brief for unobstructed view. From these main arches, secondary trusses span to the rear wall of the upper terrace. The structure of the basic frame is a stiff pin supported portal frame ...

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18. The Hong Kong Coliseum

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pp. 201-206

The site is on the roof deck of the Hunghom railway station, therefore a heavy structure is not possible. Even during construction, heavy loading has to be avoided. The building is located at the middle of the roof deck with ample space surrounding it for circulation and dispersal of people. ...

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19. HauTak Estate

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pp. 207-216

Housing for the community is the responsibility of the Housing Department. Here flat sizes can be standardized to cater for different family sizes. Also due to this standardization of plans, elevation design can be standardized to allow production of precast concrete facades. ...

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20. Sheung Tak Estate

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pp. 217-224

The standard elevation unit is approximately 2.9 m x 4.7 m staggered 800 mm (approx.) towards the centre to provide variation in the plan and elevation. The elevation unit is cast at the site precasting yard, with concrete along the steel window frames using steel moulds. This procedure gives precise construction ...

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21. Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre Extension

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pp. 225-244

The extension of the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre (HKCEC) is a complex case. It will house 28 000 m2 of exhibition/convention space and 3000 m2 of meeting rooms. Also included on the top floor is a conference hall with 4500 seats. The complexity of its size and urgency of the project contribute ...


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pp. 245-246

E-ISBN-13: 9789882200487
Print-ISBN-13: 9789622094499

Page Count: 256
Publication Year: 1998

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Subject Headings

  • Curtain walls -- China -- Hong Kong -- Design and construction -- Case studies.
  • Buildings -- China -- Hong Kong -- Design and construction -- Case studies.
  • Buildings -- Details -- Case studies.
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