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Non-Traditional Security in Asia

Issues, Challenges and Framework for Action

edited by Mely Caballero-Anthony and Alistair D.B. Cook

Publication Year: 2013

Non-Traditional Security in Asia examines the critical security challenges faced by states and societies in Asia including health, food, water, natural disasters, internal conflict, forced migration, energy, transnational crime, and cyber security. Through the development of a comprehensive analytical framework that establishes the key ingredients to policy evaluation, the editors draw on a wide variety of experts to collaborate in investigating these crucial issues. This inclusive framework ensures that all voices are heard including those oftentimes under-represented and marginalized in society to ensure that academic and policy debates are well informed about the often complex and nuanced nature of these non-traditional security challenges. The book undertakes an issue-specific chapter study of how Asian states and societies address these non-traditional security concerns from environmental adaptation and mitigation measures to conflict resolution. For each issue area, it identifies and explains the concerns of various policy communities, identifying the motivations behind some of the key decisions made to affect change or stabilize the status quo. Essentially it questions not only what a security issue is but also for whom the issue is important and the interaction this has with policy outcomes. With a focus on regional and global institutions as well as national and local ones, this collection illustrates the variety of stakeholders involved in non-traditional security concerns, and reflects on their relative importance in the decision-making process. Through a systematic evaluation of these non-traditional security issues by employing a comprehensive analytical framework, critical appreciation of the dynamics of the policy-making process surrounding issues of crucial national, regional and international significance in Asia are made. As a result of sharing these insights, the contributors provide the tools as well as a selection of issue-specific stakeholders to illuminate the key but complex characteristics of non-traditional security in Asia.

Published by: ISEAS–Yusof Ishak Institute

Cover Page

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p. 1-1

Title Page

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pp. 2-5


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pp. v-9

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pp. ix-x

This book has been a collaborative effort from the very beginning and draws on the research conducted by a dedicated, young and dynamic team. The mission of the Centre for Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Studies in the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS) is to conduct research and produce policy-relevant analyses aimed at furthering awareness and building capacity to address NTS issues and challenges...

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List of Contributors

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pp. xi-17

Mely Caballero-Anthony is an Associate Professor and Head of the RSIS Centre for Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Studies at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. Until May 2012, she served as Director of External Relations at the ASEAN Secretariat. She is also a member of the World Economic Forum (WEF) Global Agenda Council on Conflict Prevention and Secretary-General of the...

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1. NTS Framework1

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pp. 1-14

Over the last two decades, the global security environment has changed dramatically. While the risks of major armed conflict and interstate wars are now on the decline (Human Security Centre 2005), the global community is increasingly confronted with security challenges emerging from a host of local as well as transnational threats which are primarily non-military in ...

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2. Health

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pp. 15-39

Health is one of the seven threat areas identified by Dr Mahbub ul Haq in the 1994 Human Development Report’s definition of human security, and restated by the 2003 UN Commission on Human Security. In the 1994 report, health security recognizes that in developing countries “the major causes of death are infectious and parasitic diseases” and most of these ...

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3. Food

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pp. 40-65

The global food price shocks in 2007/2008 have demonstrated the need to effectively address food insecurity in Southeast Asia — both at the national and regional level. This chapter goes beyond issues of supply and demand of food, and provides greater insight into the role of Human Security in understanding the issue of food security in a holistic ...

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4. Water

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pp. 66-84

Water is essential for all socio-economic development and for maintaining healthy ecosystems. As population increases and development calls for increased allocations of groundwater and surface water for the domestic, agriculture and industrial sectors, the pressure on water resources intensifies, leading to tensions, conflicts among users, and excessive pressure on the ...

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5. Natural Disasters

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pp. 85-117

Southeast Asia witnesses a number of natural disasters and did so through­out 2010, highlighting variable levels of national preparedness in dealing with disasters and illustrating the need for greater regional cooperation. This chapter looks at how governments in this disaster­prone region respond to The Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) defines a ...

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6. Internal Conflict

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pp. 118-157

Asia is a region where internal conflicts continue to plague state and human security, despite the decline of interstate conflicts since the end of the Cold War. Moreover, studies on the patterns of internal conflicts have also been confined to armed insurgencies, secessionism and civil conflicts, while less attention has been given to other forms of internal conflicts such as religious ...

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7. Forced Migration

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pp. 158-204

Since 2008 there have been numerous reports in the international media of Rohingya, a Muslim minority group from Myanmar, attempting to escape to Thailand and Malaysia, via perilous boat journeys. After being “pushed back” by Thai authorities, there was pressure on ASEAN and the Bali Process for People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime, to ...

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8. Energy

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pp. 205-233

As East Asia rapidly develops, greater demands are being placed on governments to efficiently supply energy to sustain economic growth. Simultaneously, public awareness of environmental issues has placed new imperatives on energy planning. To meet these challenges, the concept of sustainable development must be incorporated into energy security strategies ...

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9. Transnational Crime

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pp. 234-266

Transnational organized crime is considered one of the major threats to human security, impeding the social, economic, political and cultural development of societies. Much attention has been given to the dynamics of professional criminal groups but little has been given to the existence of the markets in which they operate. This chapter argues that a focus on both ...

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10. Cyber Security

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pp. 267-289

The cyber-attacks on South Korea and the United States, as well as those on Georgia in 2008 and Estonia in 2007 have awakened a certain conscious-ness in the minds of the international community, particularly that of the security community. As if triggered by a sense of vulnerability, when these cyber-attacks managed to disrupt normal services, states were hard pressed ...

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11. Conclusion

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pp. 290-294

Throughout this book, the contributors have systematically engaged with nine non-traditional security (NTS) threats that face Asian states and societies today. These NTS challenges both in new and ongoing scenarios highlight the strengths and weaknesses of international, national and local responses to them. The different crises under investigation that confronted Asia point ...


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pp. 295-298


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pp. 299-349

E-ISBN-13: 9789814414609
Print-ISBN-13: 9789814414418

Page Count: 349
Publication Year: 2013

Edition: 1