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Enhancing ASEAN's Connectivity

edited by Sanchita Basu Das

Publication Year: 2012

ASEAN has a goal to create an economic community by 2015. To achieve the goal, connectivity among the member states needs to be given due importance. In 2010, ASEAN adopted the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity (MPAC), which looked at physical, institutional and people-to-people connectivity. It pinned down fifteen priority projects which can potentially transform the ASEAN region, providing the conditions for a single market and production base. But MPAC is an expensive initiative, and funding remains a major challenge. The private sector needs to be actively involved as a number of infrastructure projects identified in the MPAC are lacking substantial investment. This book looks at the current state of ASEAN's physical connectivity and challenges in building better infrastructure. It contains a collection of papers that discuss specific issues pertaining to each kind of physical connectivity transportation infrastructure, telecom connectivity, ICT and energy infrastructure. The book concludes with the steps needed to be taken for implementation of the various plans, and policy recommendations.

Published by: ISEAS–Yusof Ishak Institute

Cover Page

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p. 1-1

Title Page

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pp. 2-5


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pp. v-vi

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pp. vii-xii

ASEAN is the only organization of its kind in the vast region that stretches from the Indian Subcontinent to the Kamchatka Peninsula. Geographically, it covers Southeast Asia, where there are more seas and islands than continuous land mass. In the past four decades, economic development and trade have flourished impressively ...

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pp. xiii-xiv

The first is that an ASEAN Community, including an ASEAN Economic Community, which ASEAN has proclaimed as a goal, cannot be realized without connectivity, without the connectivity as comprehensively conceived in the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity. ...

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pp. xv-xviii

This book is a result of the ASEAN Roundtable 2011 on “Enhancing ASEAN’s Connectivity” organized by the ASEAN Studies Centre (ASC) at the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS), along with the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (KAS) on 5 May 2011 at Shangri-La Hotel, Singapore. ...

The Contributors

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pp. xix-xx

List of Abbreviations

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pp. xxi-xxii

I. Overview

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1. Understanding the MPAC

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pp. 3-8

ASEAN leaders proclaimed to create an ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) by 2015. While the fundamentals for creating a single market and production base are a work in progress, it is also crucial for ASEAN to facilitate the realization of the ASEAN community through “connectivity” (see Figure 1.1). ...

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2. Current State of ASEAN Infrastructure

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pp. 9-27

With a population of nearly 600 million and a combined Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of US$1.5 trillion, ASEAN is one of the world’s most diverse and dynamic regional organizations. Currently, ASEAN’s priority is to build a people-centric ASEAN Community by 2015. ...

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3. Building Greater Connectivity Across ASEAN

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pp. 28-34

The new byword for ASEAN is “connectivity”. In the current competitive environment, connectivity as a concept is of paramount importance to countries, and furthermore, to regions attempting to achieve collective economic success. ...

II. Transportation, Telecom, ICT and Energy Infrastructure

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4. The Development of Logistics Infrastructure in ASEAN: The Comprehensive Asia Development Plan and the Post-AEC Initiative

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pp. 37-58

Physical connectivity, together with institutional connectivity, is the key for economic development in ASEAN and East Asia. Production networks in ASEAN and East Asia, particularly those in the manufacturing sector, are the most advanced in the world. Baldwin (2011) introduces the concept of the “2nd unbundling” for international division of labour ...

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5. Challenges for Building Better Transportation Infrastructure Linkages Across ASEAN: Indonesia's Perspectives Towards an Integrated Asian Economic Community

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pp. 59-71

To meet the challenges in a global marketplace, ASEAN needs to integrate its member countries and achieve a more dynamic economy, which is inclusive and sustainable. ASEAN leaders are conscious of the increasing interdependence of their economies within the region as well as the rest of the world, ...

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6. Connecting Southeast Asia through Broadband

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pp. 72-90

As the average global mobile phone penetration rate approaches 83 mobile phones per 100 people,2 it is increasingly clear that ubiquitous broadband access provision is the next frontier in information and communication technologies (ICT) for all developing countries. ...

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7. The Current State of ICT Systems across ASEAN

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pp. 91-107

ASEAN is a tremendously diverse region, encompassing within its borders some 4 million square kilometres, 600 million people, 32,000 islands, 900 different languages and a diversity of development that ranges from US$800 per capita to US$49,000 per capita from its least to its most developed member countries.1...

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8. ASEAN and ICT: A Tale of Two Cities?

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pp. 108-120

Young ASEAN is comprised of “digital natives” — tech-savvy, digitally-nimble, and multi-tasking individuals who are fluent in digital devices and the Internet. Official ASEAN, on the other hand, is composed of “digital immigrants” who are learning to adapt to their new environment but still “retain, to some degree, their ‘accent,’...

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9. Integration of Energy Infrastructure Towards ASEAN's Connectivity

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pp. 121-141

ASEAN is one of the fastest growing economic regions in the world and has a fast growing energy demand driven by economic and demographic growth. In 2010, its combined nominal GDP had grown to US$1.8 trillion. If ASEAN were a single entity, it would rank as the ninth largest economy in the world. ...

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10. ASEAN Energy Integration: Interconnected Power and Gas Pipeline Grids

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pp. 142-162

ASEAN was established in 1967 with the signing of the Bangkok Declaration by the five founding members: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. Its stated goal was to promote regional stability, cooperation, trade, and economic growth.1 During the 1990s, the bloc’s membership expanded. ...

III. Implementation and Policy Recommendations

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11. Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity "From Plan to Implementation"

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pp. 165-174

ASEAN leaders first discussed the concept of ASEAN Connectivity at the 15th ASEAN Summit in October 2009. The leaders observed that ASEAN has great potential to physically anchor itself as the transportation, ICT, and tourism hub of this region. Enhanced connectivity between ASEAN member states will encourage competitive growth; ...

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12. Conclusion and Policy Recommendations

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pp. 175-185

In 2010, during Vietnam’s chairmanship of ASEAN meetings, the leaders adopted the MPAC. The MPAC aims to provide a framework for regional cooperation on connectivity and a foundation for further connectivity with other regions, such as East Asia and South Asia. ...


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pp. 186-196

E-ISBN-13: 9789814414128
Print-ISBN-13: 9789814414111

Page Count: 196
Publication Year: 2012

Edition: 1