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Migration and Diversity in Asian Contexts

edited by Lai Ah Eng, Francis Leo Collins and Brenda Yeoh Saw Ai

Publication Year: 2012

This volume makes an important and unique contribution to scholarly understandings of migration and diversity through its focus on Asian contexts. Current scholarship and literature on processes of migration and the consequences of diversity is heavily concentrated on Western contexts and their concerns with "multiculturalism", "integration", "rights and responsibilities", "social cohesion", "social inclusion", and "cosmopolitanism". In contrast, there has been relatively little attention given to migration and growing diversity in Asian contexts which are constituted by highly distinct and varied histories, cultures, geographies, and political economies. This book fills this significant gap in the literature on migration studies with a concentrated focus on communities, cities and countries in the Asian region that are experiencing increased levels of population mobility and subsequent diversity. Not only does it offer analyses of the policies and processes of migration, it also addresses the outcomes and implications of migration and diversity -- these include a focus on multiculturalism and citizenship in the Asian region, the emerging complex forms of governance in response to increased diversity, discussions of different settlement experiences, and the practices of everyday life and encounters in increasingly diverse locales.

Published by: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

Cover

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p. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-5

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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List of Contributors

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pp. vii-xi

Maruja M.B. Asis is Director of Research and Publications at the Scalabrini Migration Center. She is a sociologist who has been working on migration issues in Asia. Her current research deals with the impact of government regulations on the protection of Filipino domestic workers, employment and migration of the Filipino youth, ...

Acknowledgements

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pp. xii-13

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Introduction: Approaching Migration and Diversity in Asian Contexts

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pp. 1-28

Migration and the human diversity that necessarily accompanies it present multifarious challenges and opportunities within the varied social and cultural landscapes of Asia. The contributions in this volume set out to interrogate some of these challenges and opportunities and to discuss emergent governance regimes, identities and practices ...

Part I: Migration, Multiculturalism and Governance in Asia

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1. Multicultural Realities and Membership: States, Migrations and Citizenship in Asia

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pp. 31-55

Most of the discussion on the nexus between migration and citizenship has focused on trends and practices in Western countries. This chapter will examine some tendencies in selected Asian countries which have been affected by migration. This focus aims to contribute to the discussion on citizenship as Asia presents some specific realities. ...

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2. Multicultural Coexistence Policies of Local Governments in the Tokyo Metropolis: A Comparative Examination of Social Integration in Response to Growing Ethnic Diversity

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pp. 56-82

Since the early 1980s, Japan has used foreign workers to compensate for labour shortages in blue collar industries and other forms of employment deemed dirty, dangerous, and difficult (the 3Ds). Economic structural dependence on foreign workers has contributed to Japan’s foreign resident population increasing to 2,186,121 in 2009, ...

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3. The Place of Migrant Workers in Singapore: Between State Multiracialism and Everyday (Un)Cosmopolitanisms

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pp. 83-106

Increasing flows of transnational migration have fuelled a new spatial order of interconnectivities among nations and cities, leading to a host of both anticipated and unanticipated human encounters between locals and migrants. These encounters and the subsequent possibilities for creative synergies, destructive tensions ...

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4. Selective State Response and Ethnic Minority Incorporation: The South Korean Case

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pp. 107-129

How do states manage ethnocultural diversity? States have always been eager to control their borders. However, only recently has the importance of states in facilitating or constraining immigrant incorporation drawn academic attention (see Bloemraad 2006; Castles 1995; Freeman 2004; Hagan 2006; James 2005; Jayasuriya 1996; ...

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5. The Tug of War over Multiculturalism: Contestation between Governing and Empowering Immigrants in Taiwan

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pp. 130-160

Shortly after the world was shocked by the attacks in Norway on 22 July 2011, the Taiwanese public was upset to learn that the self-confessed perpetrator and right-wing extremist, Anders Behring Breivik, made and posted a video on the Internet before going on his killing spree, in which he expresses his admiration for Taiwan, ...

Part II: Identities

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6. Mixed-Ethnic Children Raised by Single Thai Mothers in Japan: A Choice of Ethnic Identity

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pp. 163-181

This chapter investigates whether existing studies of the identity of mixedethnic children are adaptable to studies of such children in Japan, a country which was formerly predominantly mono-ethnic1 where the mainstream ethnic group is non-white. While copious literature can be found concerning the identity of mixed-ethnic children, ...

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7. Being Indian In Post-Colonial Metro Manila: Identities, Boundaries and the Media

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pp. 182-206

Contrary to the assumption that members of the Indian diaspora identify with a pan-Indian identity, current studies demonstrate that they have complex and plural identifications, constructed in gendered (Radhakrishnan 2008; Warikoo 2005), classed (Bhattacharya 2008), ethnic (Lock and Detaramani 2006) and “racialized” (Bhatia 2008) terms. ...

Part III: Practices

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8. The Kopitiam in Singapore: An Evolving Story about Migration and Cultural Diversity

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pp. 209-232

Hundreds of kopitiam (coffee shop in Chinese dialects) are found throughout Singapore, with the majority located in the HDB (Housing and Development Board) public housing estates in which 83 per cent of Singapore’s population live. Often viewed as a quintessential feature of Singapore public culture and everyday life, ...

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9. Spatial Process and Cultural Territory of Islamic Food Restaurants in Itaewon, Seoul

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pp. 233-253

Considering its population size of 10 million, Seoul has a relatively low level of cultural and ethnic diversity not only in numerical terms (Choe 2003, p. 24) but also in terms of dominant ideas of ethnic unity, influenced at least in part by the historical experience of colonialism. ...

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10. Competition and Constructedness: Sports, Migration and Diversity in Singapore

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pp. 254-276

Sports migration is fast becoming a significant dimension of transnational studies. Up to about the latter part of the 1990s, the most significant sports migration moves were probably confined to soccer (one of the most popular and monied sports in the world), and even these were largely intracontinental (and occasionally trans-Atlantic) movements into the English Premier League and the Serie A. ...

Index

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pp. 277-293


E-ISBN-13: 9789814380461
Print-ISBN-13: 9789814380478

Page Count: 293
Publication Year: 2012

Edition: 1

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