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The Population of Singapore (Third Edition)

Saw Swee-Hock

Publication Year: 2012

The third edition of this book presents a most comprehensive and up-to-date analysis of population trends and patterns in Singapore since its foundation in 1819 to the present day. Separate chapters are devoted to population growth and distribution, changing population structure, migration, mortality trends and differentials, marriage trends and patterns, divorce trends and patterns, fertility trends and differentials, family planning, abortion and sterilisation, fertility policies and programmes, immigration policies and programmes, labour force and future population trends. The strength of the book lies in the author’s deep familiarity with the subject acquired through some personal involvement in the compilation of demographic statistics, as well as the formulation of population policies for the country.

Published by: ISEAS–Yusof Ishak Institute

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. v-viii

List of Tables

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pp. ix-xvi

List of Figures

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pp. xv-xvi

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pp. xvii-xviii

The city-state of Singapore, with a small cosmopolitan population, is well known for its accomplishments in many areas of social and economic development brought about by a strong and stable government. Among the more significant characteristics are the clean and crime-free environment, the remarkable public housing programme, ...

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Preface to Second Edition

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pp. xviii-xix

The original edition of this book on The Population of Singapore presents an analysis of population trends and patterns in Singapore in eleven chapters covering the period from its foundation in the early nineteenth century to around the year 1997. In designing the second edition, I have expanded the book by increasing the number of chapters to thirteen ...

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Preface to Third Edition

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pp. xix

The third edition of this book has included all the materials that have been made available since the previous edition was published in 2006. The statistics from the 2005 General Household Survey have been completely replaced with the more comprehensive and reliable data made available from the latest Census of Population conducted in June 2010. ...

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1. Background

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pp. 1-6

In this introductory chapter, we will present a concise account of the geography, history and economy of Singapore before commencing on the study of the population of the country. Some knowledge of these three aspects of the country will provide the necessary background information for a better appreciation of the population trends and patterns that will be discussed in the various chapters. ...

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2. Population Growth and Distribution

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pp. 7-26

In studying the history of the population in Singapore, it is best to commence with the year 1819 when Stamford Raffles first landed on the practically uninhabited island. To trace back to the period before this date, which is shrouded in myths and legends and with no reliable records, would be difficult and treading on unsafe ground. ...

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3. Changing Population Structure

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pp. 27-54

In this chapter we will discuss the structure of the population in terms of ethnic groups, sex composition, age structure, religious composition and citizenship pattern. The structure of the population has evolved over many decades in accordance with not only demographic determinants like migration, mortality and fertility, but also social and economic forces. ...

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4. Migration

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pp. 55-80

Until August 1965 Singapore and Peninsular Malaysia were treated as a single unit governed by common laws in matters relating to migration, and persons entering one territory could proceed to the other without any restriction at all. These two countries have been important areas of migration since the establishment of British colonial rule in the early nineteenth century. ...

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5. Mortality Trends and Differentials

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pp. 81-101

The size and structure of the population at any given time are determined by the interaction of migration, mortality and fertility in the immediate past. While a previous chapter has dealt with migration, this chapter will be devoted to a discussion of mortality trends and differentials among the major races. ...

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6. Marriage Trends and Patterns

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pp. 102-126

An integral part of the study of the population of any country is an investigation of nuptial trends and patterns because the formation and dissolution of marital unions have an important bearing on the level of fertility. We may regard marriage as an event that marks the beginning of the potential period of childbearing and marital dissolution as the end of this period. ...

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7. Divorce Trends and Patterns

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pp. 127-151

In this chapter we will examine marital dissolution so as to complete our account of nuptiality trends and patterns. Divorce, the final outcome of irreconcilable marital discord, is seen to create social problems for the families concerned and for the community at large. It is also common to view a high divorce rate in a society like Singapore ...

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8. Fertility Trends and Differentials

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pp. 152-186

In Singapore there was the emergence of government concern at various times on certain aspects of the demography of the country and the subsequent implementation of government measures that had a direct or indirect impact on the future course of population trends. In the area of fertility, we have included the next two chapters to present a detailed account ...

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9. Family Planning, Abortion and Sterilisation

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pp. 187-208

Population policies refer to those adopted by a government to influence the course of population trends and patterns in the country.1 Some examples are immigration policies regulating the inflow of foreigners into the country, mortality policies affecting the general health of the people, population distribution policies governing the movement of people within the country, ...

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10. Fertility Policies and Programmes

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pp. 209-251

With the view of strengthening the population control programme in the 1960s, the government introduced incentive and disincentive measures aimed at reducing the high level of fertility. When fertility continued below-replacement level from 1975 onwards, most of the antinatalist measures were abolished, ...

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11. Immigration Policies and Programmes

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pp. 252-270

The national population policies in Singapore have been dominated by fertility policies in the form of antinatalist measures commencing from the mid-1960s and postnatalist measures from the 1980s. The recent recognition that, despite the introduction of a comprehensive postnatalist policy, fertility will never return to replacement level ...

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12. Labour Force

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pp. 271-297

The amount of labour available for the production of goods and services in a country is determined by a variety of demographic, social and economic factors. The size of the total population and its composition with respect to sex and age determine the maximum limit of the number of persons who can participate in economic activities. ...

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13. Future Population Trends

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pp. 298-336

An examination of the most plausible course of population trends in the future and the social and economic consequences of such trends will be presented in this chapter. To do this, we need to prepare population projections on the basis of certain assumptions concerning the future course of migration, mortality and fertility, ...


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pp. 337-346


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pp. 347-354


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pp. 355-362

E-ISBN-13: 9789814380324
Print-ISBN-13: 9789814380980

Page Count: 362
Publication Year: 2012

Edition: 3