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Sun Yat-Sen, Nanyang and the 1911 Revolution

Lee Lai To and Lee Hock Guan

Publication Year: 2011

In view of the 100th anniversary of the 1911 Revolution and Sun Yat-sen's relations with the Nanyang communities, the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies and the Chinese Heritage Centre came together to host a two-day bilingual conference on the three-way relationships between Sun Yat-sen, Nanyang and the 1911 Revolution in October 2010 in Singapore. This volume is a collection of papers in English presented at the conference. While there are extensive research and voluminous publications on Sun Yat-sen and the 1911 Revolution, it was felt that less had been done on the Southeast Asian connections. Thus this volume tries to chip in some original and at times provocative analysis on not only Sun Yat-sen and the 1911 Revolution but also contributions from selected Southeast Asian countries.

Published by: ISEAS–Yusof Ishak Institute

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. v-vi


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pp. vii-viii

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List of Contributors

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pp. ix-xiv

James A. Cook, born and raised in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia until he was six, has been working on transnational China since 1995. After completing his Honours Thesis on Chinese foreign policy in Southeast Asia at the University of California, Santa Cruz in 1987, ...

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pp. xv-xxiii

This volume is a collection of papers in English presented at our conference to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the 1911 Revolution in China. While there are extensive research and voluminous publications on Sun Yat-sen and the 1911 Revolution, it was felt that less had been done on the Southeast Asian connections. ...

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Keynote Address “Sun Yat-sen and the Origins of Modern Chinese Politics”

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pp. 1-14

Professor Leo Suryadinata reminded me that when I first wrote about Sun Yat-sen in 1952, it was twenty-seven years after his death and just over forty years after the 1911 Revolution. Some of the people I spoke to at the time had known Sun Yat-sen and they spoke of him with respect while admitting that they did not find it easy to understand him. ...

Part I: The Political Thoughts of Sun Yat-sen

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1. The British Model in Sun Yat-sen's Vision of Modernization for China

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pp. 17-27

Sun Yat-sen’s vision for a modern China is encapsulated in his Three Principles of the People. He professed in 1918 that what he had seen and heard in London in 1896–97 enabled him to synthesise his Three Principles.1 What exactly did he see and hear? ...

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2. On Sun Yat-sen's Three Principles of the People: A Philosophy Approach

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pp. 28-43

Although much scholarship has been devoted to the study of Sun Yatsen’s “three principles of the people” or “sanmin zhuyi” (三民主义) from a more or less historical perspective, relatively little has been devoted to an investigation of these principles from a philosophical perspective. ...

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3. Sun Yat-sen's Idea of Regionalism and His Legacy

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pp. 44-60

Ideas of regionalism play constructive roles in guiding directions, providing visions, and setting up principles for organizing and creating regional communities. They touch upon the fundamental question of what kind of regional organizations should be formed, and how they should operate. ...

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4. Sun Yat-sen and Japanese Pan-Asianists

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pp. 61-72

In his pioneering post-war work on Pan-Asianism, Takeuchi Yoshimi, an expert on modern Chinese literature, noted in the 1960s that what was known in Japan as ajiashugi or Pan-Asianism was too variegated a concept to have any clear definition (2006, p. 255). “There are as many interpretations as there are books written about it”, as he put it. ...

Part II: Sun Yat-sen, Overseas Chinese and the 1911 Chinese Revolution

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5. Umbilical Ties: The Framing of Overseas Chinese as the Mother of Revolution

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pp. 75-129

In encapsulating the dynamic triangular relationship between Sun Yat-sen 孙中山, Nanyang 南洋 (roughly transcribed as present-day Southeast Asia) and the 1911 Revolution 辛亥革命, the most frequently-used and iconic phrase has been “Overseas Chinese is the Mother of Revolution” 华侨为革 命之母. ...

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6. Thailand and the Xinhai Revolution: Expectation, Reality and Inspiration

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pp. 130-147

Up through the earliest decades of the twentieth century, the Thai public generally was rarely concerned with the domestic political affairs of any foreign country beyond peninsular Southeast Asia. Events in China, however, proved a major exception. The Xinhai Revolution of 1911 was, by all accounts, among the best documented ...

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7. An Historical Turning Point: The 1911 Revolution and Its Impact on Singapore's Chinese Society

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pp. 148-169

Chinese nationalism in Singapore began in 1877 with the establishment of a Chinese consulate-general, the first in Southeast Asian Chinese history. From 1877 to 1894, the emergent Chinese nationalism was more cultural in content with Consul-General Tso Ping Lung (1850–1924) playing an enlightened but pivotal role ...

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8. A Transnational Revolution: Sun Yat-sen, Overseas Chinese, and the Revolutionary Movement in Xiamen, 1900-12

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pp. 170-199

Historical analyses of the relationship between the locale and the Chinese nation have often attempted to place the development of a Chinese national identity into some sort of linear framework that leads to nationalism and nation-building. Beginning in the 1990s, however, some analysts argued that local and provincial identities have much to do ...

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9. Patriotic Chinese Women: Followers of Sun Yat-sen in Darwin, Australia

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pp. 200-218

This chapter examines the lives of the young men and women who organized the Darwin Branch of the Kuomintang (KMT) during the 1920s and 1930s, in particular looking at the role of Chinese women in politics. The influence of Sun Yat-sen in the Nanyang was most obvious during the period when the children of the 1911 Revolution ...

Part III: Reports/Remembrances of Sun Yat-sen and the 1911 Revolution

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10. (Grand)Father of the Nation? Collective Memory of Sun Yat-sen in Contemporary China

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pp. 221-244

Reform and opening up in 1978 was a starting point for China to change its economic and social system gradually. This gradual change brought about certain political changes as well. When Deng Xiaoping initiated the reforms that transformed economic and social structure of China, he refrained from identifying the ideological orientation of the process. ...

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11. Historical Linkage and Political Connection: Commemoration and Representation of Sun Yat-sen and the 1911 Revolution in China and Southeast Asia, 1946-2010

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pp. 245-269

Over centuries, China-Southeast Asian interactions have been best manifested through the tributary system from above and the Overseas Chinese or Chinese Overseas from below. However, over decades after World War II, the linkages of the two were overshadowed by the imagined China threat on the one hand and suspicions ...

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12. Revolutionaries and Republicans: The French Press on Sun Yat-sen and the Xinhai Revolution

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pp. 270-312

For many nineteenth-century Chinese, only the Han ethnicity could be viewed as legitimate Chinese rulers. Like the Mongol Khans of the Yuan dynasty,1 the Manchu of the Qing dynasty were widely viewed as foreign invaders. While, in the early days of the regime, the Qing were able to forge alliance with influential Han administrators, ...

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Concluding Remarks

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pp. 313-318

I want to thank Dr Lee Lai To, His Excellency Ambassador K. Kesavapany, as well as Professor Leo Suryadinata, for organizing this amazing conference and organizing it before anybody else does so that we can steal the thunder. I was asked to make a few comments as a discussant. ...

E-ISBN-13: 9789814345477
Print-ISBN-13: 9789814345460

Page Count: 318
Publication Year: 2011

Edition: 1

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Subject Headings

  • Sun, Yat-sen, 1866-1925 -- Congresses.
  • Sun, Yat-sen, 1866-1925 -- Political and social views -- Congresses.
  • China -- History -- Revolution, 1911-1912 -- Congresses.
  • China -- Politics and government -- 1912-1949 -- Congresses.
  • Chinese -- Southeast Asia -- Politics and government -- Congresses.
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