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In the Name of Pauk-Phaw

Myanmar's China Policy Since 1948

Maung Aung Myoe

Publication Year: 2011

Since its independence in January 1948, Myanmar has tried to find a way to deal with (at one time) ideologically hostile and traditionally chauvinistic China which has pursued a foreign policy aimed at restoring its perceived influence in Myanmar. To counter China’s attempts to influence Myanmar's foreign policy options has always been a challenge for the Myanmar government. Since the 1950s, successive Myanmar governments have realized that Myanmar's bilateral relations with the People’s Republic of China should best be conducted in the context of promoting the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, the Bandung spirit and the Pauk-Phaw (kinsfolk) friendship. The term Pauk-Phaw is exclusively devoted to denote the special nature of the Sino-Myanmar relationship. This work argues that Myanmar's relationship with China is asymmetric but Myanmar skilfully plays the "China Card" and it enjoys considerable space in its conduct of foreign relations. So long as both sides fulfill the obligations that come under "Pauk-Phaw" friendship, the relationship will remain smooth. Myanmar has constantly repositioned her relations with China to her best advantage. Myanmar's China policy has always been placed somewhere in between balancing and bandwagoning, and the juxtaposition of accommodating China's regional strategic interests and resisting Chinese influence and interference in Myanmar's internal affairs has been a hallmark of Myanmar's China policy. This is likely to remain unchanged.

Published by: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

Title Page, Copyright

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Table of Contents

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About the Cover

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pp. ix-

The pictures of the plate and the cloth that appear on the cover are gifts presented by the Chinese Government to the people of Myanmar in the early 1960s, after the successful completion of the demarcation of Sino-Myanmar boundary and the conclusion of the Treaty of Friendship and Mutual...

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Acknowledgements

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pp. xi-

I was fortunate to receive exceptional help from a number of people in Myanmar who deserve to be mentioned here but would prefer to remain anonymous. Without their kindness, support and encouragement, this book could not have been accomplished. They have my heartfelt gratitude...

Chinese Names

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pp. xiii-xv

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1. Introduction

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pp. 1-10

After a long period of anti-colonial struggles and movements for national liberation, Myanmar finally regained her independence on 4 January 1948. Many sacrifices were made in the name of sovereignty, national self determination, and territorial integrity. At the time of Independence...

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2. Sino-Myanmar Relations 1948-1962: The Years of Charting the Water

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pp. 11-56

Ever since her independence in January 1948, Myanmar has been, inevitably, preoccupied with her relations with China. Political elites and policy makers in Myanmar are apparently concerned about Chinese intentions towards their country, and, understandably, they are worried about...

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3. Sino-Myanmar Relations 1962-1988: Into the Years of Living Dangerously

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pp. 57-104

On 2 March 1962, the Tatmadaw, under the leadership of the then Commander-in-Chief, General Ne Win, carried out a military coup in the name of the Revolutionary Council and took over control of the State. The Revolutionary Council immediately issued a statement that it would...

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4. Sino-Myanmar Relations 1988-2010: Towards Closer Cooperation

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pp. 105-178

Myanmar’s China policy since 1988 has been essentially directed toward securing and consolidating Chinese political support for the government in international and regional forums. To this end, the Myanmar government makes full use of its geopolitical realities, geostrategic position and...

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5. Conclusion

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pp. 179-190

Since the nation regained its independence in January 1948, the Myanmar government has tried to find a way to deal with (at one time) an ideologically hostile and traditionally chauvinistic China, which pursued a foreign policy aimed at restoring its perceived historical influence in...

Appendices

Appendix I

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pp. 193-209

Appendix II

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pp. 210-211

Bibliography

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pp. 213-218

Index

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pp. 219-237

About the Author

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pp. 238-


E-ISBN-13: 9789814345187
Print-ISBN-13: 9789814345170

Page Count: 238
Publication Year: 2011

Edition: 1

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Burma -- Foreign relations -- China.
  • China -- Foreign relations -- Burma.
  • Burma -- Foreign relations -- 1948-.
  • China -- Foreign relations -- 1949-.
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