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Costs and Benefits of Cross-Country Labour Migration in the GMS

Hossein Jalilian

Publication Year: 2012

International labour migration can be characterized in three ways - as human aspiration, tradition, and necessity. For some people, working overseas is a dream. For others, international labour mobility is a tradition. For a great number of people however, international labour migration is an economic necessity. It is the only viable solution to realize their basic human right to a decent life. GMS worker movements to Thailand typify all three characterizations of international labour mobility. While this book focuses on the economic dimensions of international labour emigration, principally from Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam to Thailand, it recognizes at the very outset the equal standing of non-economic motivations for migration.

Published by: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

Title Page, Copyright, Frontispiece

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Table of Contents

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Acronyms and Abbreviations

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pp. ix-xi

List of Figures, Tables and Boxes

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pp. xiii-xxi

List of Contributors

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pp. xxiii-

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1. Migrants of the Mekong: Wins and Losses

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pp. 1-117

The fierce controversy in international migration is barely surprising. At its heart is the poignant debate regarding the universality and territorial application of basic human rights. In this state-centric system, the possession of legal citizenship has been the core basis for awarding a person with full...

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2. Economic Costs and Benefits of Labour Migration: Case of Cambodia

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pp. 118-189

Cambodia is a relative latecomer in terms of cross-border labour migration. Most outmigrants travel by illegal or informal means, mostly to Thailand, while the legal option is relatively new, costly, and inconvenient for most. Related government agencies face the increasing challenge of managing...

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3. Economic Costs and Benefits of Labour Migration: Case of Lao PDR

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pp. 190-241

One of the most significant effects of regional economic integration is migration for the purpose of employment. The number of international labour migrants has increased rapidly over the past decade. According to the Asian Migrant Centre (AMC), there were at least two million migrants in...

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4. Economic Costs and Benefits of Labour Migration: Case of Thailand

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pp. 242-304

Migration is a global phenomenon and is both beneficial and detrimental to most countries. At the macro level, emigration can reduce unemployment and attract extra income through remittances (income sent home) to home countries, which can in turn contribute to development and help...

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5. Economic Costs and Benefits of Labour Migration: Case of Vietnam

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pp. 305-358

There is a popular argument that outbound flows of low-skilled labour can positively impact on a country. First, it can help ease the problem of excessive labour supply in the domestic labour market and reduce the rate of unemployment. Second, labour migration to other countries can...

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6. Migrants of the Mekong: Lessons

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pp. 359-404

International labour migration can be characterized in three ways — as human aspiration, tradition, and necessity. For some people, working overseas where the environment is different and/or where their service is considered necessary is a dream; better earnings may be a goal, but failure...

Index

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pp. 405-416


E-ISBN-13: 9789814311908
Print-ISBN-13: 9789814345330

Page Count: 416
Publication Year: 2012

Edition: 1