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Admiral Zheng He and Southeast Asia

Leo Suryadinata

Publication Year: 2005

Admiral Zheng He and Southeast Asia commemorates the 600th anniversary of Admiral Zheng He’s maiden voyage to Southeast Asia and beyond. The book is jointly issued by the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore and the International Zheng He Society. To reflect Asian views on the subject matter, nine articles written by Asian scholars — Chung Chee Kit, Hsu Yun-Ts’iao, Leo Suryadinata, Tan Ta Sen, Tan Yeok Seong, Wang Gungwu, and Johannes Widodo — have been reproduced in this volume. Originally published from 1964 to 2005, the articles are grouped into three clusters. The first cluster of three articles examines the relationship of the Ming court, especially during the Zheng He expeditions, with Southeast Asia in general and the Malacca empire in particular. The next cluster looks at the socio-cultural impact of the Zheng He expeditions on some Southeast Asian countries, with special reference to the role played by Zheng He in the Islamization of Indonesia (Java) and the urban architecture of the region. The last three articles deal with the route of the Zheng He expeditions and the location of the places that were visited.

Published by: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Contributors

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pp. vii-viii

Hsu Yun-Ts’iao (1905–81) was one of the founders of Nanyang Xuehui (The South Seas Society), Singapore (1940) and the editorin- chief of its journal, Nanyang Xuebao (1940–58). He was Associate Professor in the Department of History and Geography, Nanyang University, Singapore in 1957–62. ...

Glossary

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pp. ix-x

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Introduction

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pp. xi-xvi

Admiral Zheng He (Cheng Ho 郑和) was also known as San Bao Da Ren (三宝大人; 三保大人), San Bao Tai Jian (三宝太监; 三保 太监), and San Bao Gong (三宝公; 三保公). The year 2005 is the 600th anniversary of Zheng He’s maiden voyage to Southeast Asia and beyond. The anniversary is commemorated by numerous celebrations with Zheng He as the main theme, ...

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1. The Opening of Relations between China and Malacca, 1403-05

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pp. 1-25

The early history of Malacca has provided scholars with many problems. Sir Richard Winstedt’s contribution has been a careful analysis of Malay sources, including a study of the genealogies of the Malacca royal house. He has also drawn attention to the material in Tomé Pires’s Suma Oriental, where the story of how Malacca was founded cannot be better told. ...

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2. The First Three Rulers of Malacca

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pp. 26-41

For 50 years since 1897, scholars who have worked on early Malacca history have struggled with the discrepancies about the first three rulers in the Malay, Chinese and Portuguese sources. The most important contributions towards deciding the names of these rulers and the length of their reigns were made by Wilkinson, ...

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3. Did Zheng He Set Out to Colonize Southeast Asia?

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pp. 42-57

In recent years, with the approach of the 600th anniversary of Admiral Zheng He’s maiden expedition to Southeast Asia, some historians began to re-examine the nature and impact of the Admiral’s expeditions. Lectures, articles and books have been published and many more are still being published. ...

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4. Chinese Element in the Islamization of Southeast Asia: A Study of the Story of Njai Gede Pinatih, the Great Lady of Gresik

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pp. 58-71

In early 1949 when I was investigating some reproductions of the Lih Tai Pao Ann, 歷代寶案 the Dynasty Documentary Records of Ryukyu, I happened to come across a peculiar and interesting name written in these characters: Shih Ta Niang Tzi Pi Na Ti 施大娘子 俾那智. It is the name of a grand old lady living in Palembang in the Kingdom of Sri Vijaya. ...

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5. Zheng He, Semarang and the Islamization of Java: Between History and Legend

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pp. 72-93

Although there are a number of studies on Zheng He’s voyages, many questions still remain unresolved. For instance, how many countries did Zheng He visit? How far did his fleets go? When did he die and where was he buried? Did he really visit Semarang as many Chinese in Java believe? ...

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6. A Celebration of Diversity: Zheng He and the Origin of Pre-Colonial Coastal Urban Pattern in Southeast Asia

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pp. 94-123

Located right at the cross-roads of world trading routes, Southeast Asia has been very open towards various influences from the outside. All of those influences was absorbed and adopted into local culture, then expressed into our unique but yet closely linked culture, language, artifacts, architecture, and urban form. ...

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7. Notes Relating to Admiral Cheng Ho's Expeditions

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pp. 124-135

There were two extra-ordinary events in the history of early contacts between China and the Southeast Asian countries: i) the expedition of Chu Ing (朱應) and K’ang T’ai (康泰) to Southeast Asia, sent by General Lu Tai (呂岱), Governor-General of Canton and Chiaochou (now Vietnam), ...

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8. Did Admiral Cheng Ho Visit the Philippines?

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pp. 136-141

One day during the session of the Fourth International Conference on Asian History held at University of Malaya from 5th to 10th August, 1968, Dr Carlos Quirino, Director, Museum of Philippine History and Iconographic Archive, put me a question: “Did Admiral Cheng Ho visit the Philippines?” I replied in the negative. ...

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9. Longyamen is Singapore: The Final Proof?

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pp. 142-168

Ever since I was a child, Admiral Zheng He1 has held my imagination. I remember very well the stories which my father told me about his exploits. When I studied Chinese history during my secondary school days, I was disappointed that his entire enterprise was worth only three or four lines in the history text; ...


E-ISBN-13: 9789814311809
Print-ISBN-13: 9789812303295

Page Count: 168
Publication Year: 2005

Edition: 1