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Oceans of Crime

Maritime Piracy and Transnational Security in Southeast Asia and Bangladesh

Carolin Liss

Publication Year: 2010

Southeast Asia and Bangladesh are at present global hot spots of pirate attacks on merchant vessels and fishing boats. This book explains why, and in what form, piracy still exists. It offers an integrated analysis of the root causes of piracy, linking declining fish stocks, organized crime networks, radical politically motivated groups, the use of flags of convenience, the lack of state control over national territory, and the activities of private security companies, and identifies their wider security implications.

Published by: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. vii-

Maps, Tables, and Photos

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pp. xi-xiv

List of Abbreviations

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pp. xv-xvi

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Acknowledgements

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pp. xvii-xviii

No book is ever written alone. Indeed, without the help of a number of people in Europe, Southeast Asia, and Australia, I could not have completed my Ph.D. thesis on which this book is based and I hope they realize how much...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-18

Everybody knows what a pirate is. We all have mental images of bearded men with earrings, a peg leg, an eyepatch, and a parrot on the shoulder as epitomized by Robert Louis Stevenson’s Long John Silver. The activities of pirates also do not seem...

PART I: CONTEMPORARY PIRACY IN SOUTHEAST ASIA AND BANGLADESH

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1. Pirate Attacks on Merchant Vessels in Southeast Asia and Bangladesh, 1980-2006

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pp. 21-54

On 23 February 2000 the Japanese-owned tanker MT Global Mars was attacked in the Malacca Strait by a gang of twenty pirates, who approached the tanker in a fishing vessel and climbed on board unnoticed. Once on board, the pirates, masked...

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2. Piracy and Fishers: Attacks on Small Craft in Southeast Asia and Bangladesh

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pp. 55-96

Noni Gapal was born in 1964 in Chittagong district and from early childhood went out to sea on his family’s fishing vessel. He learned the essential fishing skills from his father, but was unable to go to school to learn how to read and write. In 1989, Noni Gapal married a local girl and his family expanded...

PART II: THE SEA

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3. The Fishing Industry

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pp. 99-134

On 2 February 2005, a fleet of trawlers fishing near Pulau Jerajak in the Malacca Strait (see Map 2.2 in Chapter 2) was attacked by twelve pirates who approached their victims under the classic pretext of wanting to trade fish with the trawlers. The perpetrators, armed with M-16 rifles, boarded three...

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4. Merchant Shipping

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pp. 135-170

Shipping and maritime trade are an international business, not only in the sense that vessels transport goods from one country or region to another, but also in regard to the ownership and operation of vessels. For example, a ship may be owned by an individual or a firm in Indonesia, but managed by a company based in...

PART III: THE DARK SIDE

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5. Organized Crime

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pp. 173-219

In March 2002 the Honduras-registered MT Han Wei was boarded in broad daylight by a gang of pirates armed with AK-47 rifles about one hundred miles off the Thai island of Phuket (Map 1.1 in Chapter 1). The vessel had been on its way from...

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6. Terrorist and Guerrilla Movements

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pp. 220-264

On 18 July 2006, Indonesian authorities arrested three former members of the GAM for their alleged involvement in a string of pirate attacks in the northern Malacca Strait, including an attack on a vessel carrying aid for tsunami victims. The three pirates were not arrested at sea, but captured in Lhokseumawe, a city...

PART IV: COUNTER-FORCES

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7. State Responses to Piracy

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pp. 267-320

In an interview with the author, Daniel Tan, the executive director of the Singapore Shipping Association (SSA), explained that merchant vessels simply exist to transport goods from point A to point B. Shipowners and operators, therefore,=...

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8. Privatizing the Fight against Piracy

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pp. 321-358

[T]he most immediate telling effect on the modern buccaneers may well come not as a result of high-sounding pontifications from international bodies. It may well result from the availability of well trained and equipped commercial marine security forces operating out of North America, Europe, Africa and...

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Conclusion

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pp. 359-362

Pirate attacks occurred regularly in Southeast Asia and the waters of Bangladesh between 1992 and 2006. Within this region piracy hot spots shifted between countries and ocean areas over time. In the early 1990s the waters between the...

Appendix 1

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pp. 363-365

Appendix 2

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pp. 366-368

Bibliography

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pp. 369-406

Index

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pp. 407-425

About the Author

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pp. 426-


E-ISBN-13: 9789814279437
Print-ISBN-13: 9789814279468

Page Count: 426
Publication Year: 2010

Edition: 1

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Maritime terrorism -- Southeast Asia.
  • Piracy -- Southeast Asia.
  • Pirates -- Southeast Asia.
  • Maritime terrorism -- Bangladesh.
  • Piracy -- Bangladesh.
  • Pirates -- Bangladesh.
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