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Fisheries Exploitation in the Indian Ocean

Threats and Opportunities

Dennis Rumley, Sanjay Chaturvedi and Vijay Sakhuja

Publication Year: 2009

The book aims to further the debate on the impacts of fisheries policies in the Indian Ocean Region in order to facilitate a new regional policy direction. A key argument of the volume is that ecologically sustainable and socially just development and management of Indian Ocean fisheries require a paradigm shift in the perceptions and policies of major stakeholders. A central policy challenge is to identify a collective regional interest for fisheries and accordingly the development of integrated management policies that link ecology and society and which incorporate individuals, communities, agencies, states and regimes into a holistic cooperative endeavour. Successful ocean governance therefore requires greater inter-state and inter-agency consultation and cooperation, an improvement in linking national initiatives to local action, increased participation of local government and local communities and the enhancement of local capability. In order to achieve this overall goal requires either the enhancement of existing regional institutions or the creation of a new regional body.

Published by: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

Title Page, Copyright

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Table of Contents

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pp. v-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-x

On behalf of the Indian Ocean Research Group (IORG) Inc. we would like to take this opportunity to sincerely thank the Sultanate of Oman for so generously hosting our 2007 Conference in Muscat. Particular thanks go to His Excellency Abdullah bin Hamad bin Saif Al-Busaidi for his patronage of the Conference. ...

Contributors

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pp. xi-xii

Abbreviations

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pp. xiii-xvi

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1. Fisheries Exploitation in the Indian Ocean Region

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pp. 1-18

The main purpose of this chapter is to outline the structure of the present book, to introduce some of the issues and themes that are to be considered in more detail throughout the volume, and to highlight some of the book’s principal findings. The book, which is primarily aimed at furthering the debate on the various impacts of fisheries policies ...

Part I: Fisheries Policy Frameworks

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2. Environmental Security and Biodiversity: Critical Policy Themes and Issues

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pp. 21-38

The end of the Cold War has fundamentally transformed the backdrop against which the quest for peace and security on the oceans is understood and organized. Undermining the centrality of the conventional military concerns affecting the security of the state, new issues such as pollution of the marine environment, ...

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3. Overview of Institutional Arrangements for Fisheries and Marine Biodiversity in the Indian Ocean

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pp. 39-53

This chapter will focus on the institutional aspects of fisheries and biodiversity in the Indian Ocean. It is intended to provide a background to the more specialist discussions that follow in later chapters. It is proposed to deal, first, though only very briefly, with the international legal background to the modern fisheries regime, ...

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4. A Policy Framework for Fisheries Conflicts in the Indian Ocean

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pp. 54-71

The post-Cold War period has seen a move towards a modern sovereignty concept in terms of increasing cooperative action on the conservation and management of regional and global fisheries. While this can only lead to a long-term improvement in ocean ecosystem health, too little scholarly attention has been given to the politics of maritime conservation issues. ...

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5. The Indian Ocean Fishery: Resources and Exploitation Within and Outside National Jurisdictional Limits

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pp. 72-103

The principal aim of this chapter is to argue for an integrated approach to the political assessment of the maritime zone management of the ocean in a regional context. As such, it draws attention to the regional need for cooperation in fishery conservation and technology and for the further development and enhancement of trading relationships ...

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6. Competing Claims to Maritime Jurisdiction in the Indian Ocean: Implications for Regional Marine Biodiversity and Fisheries

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pp. 104-138

The Indian Ocean encompasses an enormous maritime space that plays host to considerable marine resources including important marine biodiversity and fisheries resources. Substantial swaths of the Indian Ocean are subject to extensive national claims to maritime jurisdiction. ...

Part II: Fisheries Resource Exploitation

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7. Indigenous Fishing in the Kimberley Region of Western Australia: A Case Study of Highly Regulated Fisheries in Coastal Communities

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pp. 141-162

Despite the stereotypical, tourist image of Australian Aborigines being desert dwelling nomads, the reality is that almost half of Australia’s indigenous people (as other Australians), inhabit and have always inhabited the coastal zone. The fact that many of Australia’s indigenous peoples inhabited and still do inhabit coastal and estuarine locations ...

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8. The (In)Security of Fishermen in South Asia

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pp. 163-176

This chapter examines the security of the fishermen who fish in Indo-Sri Lankan and Indo-Pakistani waters. The chapter does not focus on fishermen who fish in Indo-Bangladesh waters because clashes between them are very minimal. Since fishing is a source of livelihood, and 90 per cent of fishermen live below the poverty line, ...

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9. Fisheries in the French Indian Ocean Territories

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pp. 177-193

The main objective of this chapter is to present an overview and discussion of the fisheries in the French Indian Ocean territories, which are quite different from one administrative unit to another, and have been evolving rapidly since the end of the 1990s. It will be shown that fisheries generally represent an important activity in the small island states and territories. ...

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10. Mauritius: A Seafood Hub?

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pp. 194-226

Mauritius today is made up of the main island of the same name (20-15S.57-35E.) — 1,865 sq. km, 1.2 million inhabitants; of the island of Rodriguez — 110 sq. km, 35,000 inhabitants and 560 km to the east; the small islands of Agalega — 260 inhabitants and 1,250 km to the north; and Saint Brandon — 8 sq. km, no permanent inhabitants, 390 km to north-east. ...

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11. The Impact of Ship Ballast on the Aquatic-based Food Supply Chain

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pp. 227-238

Over 80 per cent of the world’s cargo is moved over the ocean and billions of tonnes of ballast water are filled in one part of the ocean and discharged at another. In the process, large numbers of marine species enter or leave the ships ballast tanks, thus travelling large distances on a daily basis. ...

Part III: Fisheries Policy Directions

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12. Geopolitics of Biological Prospecting: Emerging Perspectives on Antarctica and the Southern [Indian] Ocean

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pp. 241-267

One of the major attractions of Antarctica lies in its extreme geographical location, its exceptional wildlife, and flora. Antarctica’s rich biodiversity has of late invited attention not only of the scientific community, but also the commercial-corporate sector. ...

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13. Issues in Policy and Law in the Conservation of Marine Biodiversity: A Malaysian Case Study

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pp. 268-278

Malaysia’s rich and diverse marine life is threatened by a variety of human activities such as overfishing, development on land, and the use of destructive fishing methods. While policies and policy statements on the need to conserve marine biodiversity exist and laws protecting marine biodiversity have been enacted, ...

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14. Regional Cooperation: A Case Study of the Western Indian Ocean Tuna Fisheries

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pp. 279-297

The Western Indian Ocean (WIO) is one of the largest fishing areas among those classified as such by The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The region has maintained a steady rate of increase in fish landings mainly as a result of increased harvests of tuna species by distant-water fishing states since the 1990s. ...

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15. Regulatory and Market-based Instruments in the Governance of Fisheries and Marine Protected Areas in the Indian Ocean Region: In Search of Cooperative Governance

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pp. 298-324

There are several elements to the general trend of the use of market measures in natural resource management. In the case of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), in some of the more developed parts of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR), such as Australia, a particularly virulent form of neoliberal environmental management ...

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16. The Future for Indian Ocean Fisheries

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pp. 325-344

A central message emanating loud and clear from this volume is that ecologically sustainable and socially just development and management of Indian Ocean fisheries demand and deserve nothing less than a paradigm shift in terms of both perceptions and policies of major stakeholders. ...

Index

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pp. 345-364


E-ISBN-13: 9789814279406
Print-ISBN-13: 9789812309860

Page Count: 364
Publication Year: 2009

Edition: 1