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ASEAN's Myanmar Crisis

Challenges to the Pursuit of a Security Community

Christopher Roberts

Publication Year: 2009

In line with recent reviews of policy by Aung San Suu Kyi and the U.S. Government, ASEAN's Myanmar Crisis: Challenges to the Pursuit of a Security Community provides a clear and innovative analysis of why it is necessary to reassess regional and international approaches to Myanmar. For the first time, this book also reveals the full extent to which Myanmar has challenged the solidarity and development of ASEAN itself. This is a must read for anyone interested in either Myanmar or the future of Southeast Asia. - -Maung Zarni, Research Fellow on Burma at the LSE Centre for Global Governance, London School of Economics and Political Science; Founder, Free Burma Coalition

Published by: ISEAS–Yusof Ishak Institute

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. v-vi

List of Tables and Figures

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pp. vii-viii

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pp. ix-x

In October 2003, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) proposed the establishment of a security community for Southeast Asia by 2020. This proposal, if successful, will involve the implementation of a substantial level of integration in the security, economic, and sociocultural spheres of the ASEAN member states. ...

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pp. xi-xii

I am deeply indebted to the Endeavour Australia Cheung Kong Award and the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at the Australian Defence Force Academy (University of New South Wales) for their generous financial support of my research between 2004 and 2007. Without this support, none of the research for this book would have been possible. ...

Abbreviations and Glossary

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pp. xiii-xiv

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pp. xv-xxii

On 7 October 2003, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), at the 9th ASEAN Summit, formally proposed the establishment of a security, economic, and socio-cultural community.1 As will be demonstrated, the proposal to erect these three pillars reflects the academic literature on the concept of a “security community” ...

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1. A Contemporary Application of Security Community Frameworks

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pp. 1-26

In order to assess the likely challenges that ASEAN will need to overcome to achieve its stated goals, this chapter develops a security community framework in a manner that is relevant to the international relations of Southeast Asia. This framework provides strong and clearly defined benchmarks for assessing the existence of a security community in a manner ...

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2. Developing a Defendable Framework: The Processes behind the Emergence of a Security Community

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pp. 27-51

Chapter 1 outlined the major conceptual aspects necessary to the classification of a security community. In building on these considerations, the present chapter develops an understanding of the key processes behind the emergence of a security community. The chapter also seeks to discern how various domestic, material, and ideational factors interrelate with one another ...

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3. The Evolution of Domestic Instability and Its Extent in Myanmar

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pp. 52-78

This chapter seeks to lay the groundwork for a deeper understanding of the factors contributing to instability in Myanmar and thereby ASEAN’s security community project. Interdependent with this is an analysis of the “domestic” consequences of instability and the prospects for change. ...

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4. ASEAN Security in Myanmar's Shadow

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pp. 79-106

In spite of Myanmar’s “in principle” support for a security community, the method of rule by the country’s military regime (and the domestic instability that is a consequence of it) presents a direct challenge to the ability of Southeast Asia countries to integrate into an ASEAN style security community. This is because the achievement of the proclaimed “security community”, ...

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5. Myanmar's Membership in ASEAN: Historical and Contemporary Implications

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pp. 107-140

Previous chapters in this analysis considered the historical implications and contemporary challenges of domestic instability in Myanmar. This has included an analysis of such issues as human rights and environmental exploitation, various transnational security challenges, and the strategic impact of Myanmar’s relations with Thailand and China. ...

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6. Myanmar and Elite-level Cohesion: A Case of Irreconcilable Dichotomies?

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pp. 141-177

With the passing of time, the AIPMC’s (ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Myanmar Caucus’s) analysis that Myanmar would continue to affect ASEAN both regionally and internationally has proved accurate.1 While the chairmanship issue forced the evolution of ASEAN towards more open engagement with (and criticism of ) the internal affairs of Myanmar, ...

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7. Integration Absent Community?: Regional Challenges, Collective Responses and Domestic Opportunities

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pp. 178-215

As mentioned in the previous chapter, the onset of the “Saffron Revolution” occurred just two months before ASEAN’s new charter was to be presented to the region and the world. The Myanmar Government’s violent crackdown on monks and protesters seriously impeded what had been intended as a celebration of ASEAN’s evolution, including the downing of a new era ...

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8. ASEAN's Myanmar Crisis: The Road Ahead and the Propsects for a Security Community

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pp. 216-240

This study has sought to analyse the feasibility of ASEAN’s security community project in a manner that will constructively delineate how to overcome the most significant obstacles to security community formation in Southeast Asia. The crisis in Myanmar has now escalated to a point where both ASEAN’s cohesion and its stature as a diplomatic community have been seriously challenged. ...

Selected Bibliography

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pp. 241-253


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pp. 254-267

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About the Author

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pp. 268

Christopher Roberts is a Lecturer in International Relations and Asian Studies at the Faculty of Business and Government, University of Canberra. He is also a Visiting Fellow at the University of New South Wales (ADFA campus). ...

E-ISBN-13: 9789814279376
Print-ISBN-13: 9789814279369

Page Count: 268
Publication Year: 2009

Edition: 1