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title

Water Issues in Southeast Asia

Present Trends and Future Directions

Lee Poh Onn

Publication Year: 2012

Published by: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

Cover

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p. 1-1

Frontmatter

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pp. 2-5

Contents

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pp. v-vi

List of Tables, Figures, Boxes and Photos

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pp. vii-x

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Acknowledgements

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pp. xi-xii

I would like to thank the Konrad Adeneur Foundation for funding the forum which has subsequently resulted in the production of this book. Thanks are also due to the Hyflux Group of Companies for making a financial contribution towards the running of the forum. ...

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About the Contributors

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pp. xiii-xiv

Sukontha Aekaraj is Director, Foreign Relations and International Cooperation, Department of Water Resources, Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment, Bangkok, Thailand. ...

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1. Introduction

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pp. 1-26

The availability of freshwater resources will be one of the most pressing environmental challenges in the years ahead. International dialogues in water have gone through several stages.1 From 1970 to the early 1980s (first stage), human health issues were the catalyst which ignited the international discussion of water. ...

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2. China and the Potential for Conflict over Water among Eurasian States

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pp. 27-55

Managing freshwater in rivers that cross borders or form boundaries between nations is a global issue with particular relevance for Asia. It places China in the focus of a new spotlight — one that will bring the world’s most populous nation under the increasingly critical scrutiny of its water-dependent neighbours in Southeast Asia, ...

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3. River Basin Agreements as Facilitators of Development

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pp. 56-75

The earliest activities of man were influenced — in some cases dominated — by access to and use of water: for drinking, cooking, washing, fishing, irrigation, navigation and, later, the generation of power. The progress of civilization can often be mapped in relation to water, most especially in climates ...

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4. Privatization of Water Services via Public-Private Partnership and Implications for Southeast Asia

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pp. 76-99

Privatization and the involvement of the private sector have been definitely important components of many water utilities and public projects in recent years. But the concept of “social goods, services and distribution” has also become resurgent. Is there therefore an alternative formula to “bridge” the private sector ...

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5. Indonesia's Water Management Reform

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pp. 100-118

The growing population and economic activities in various regions in Indonesia have caused an intensification of water use, thus increasing scarcity of available water resources, and intensified impacts from adverse conditions. This rising scarcity raises critical issues in the efficient allocation, distribution and control of water resources. ...

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6. Water Resource Management Issues in Malaysia

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pp. 119-135

Water is of vital importance in sustaining life in this world, in various forms. The hydrological cycle in nature involves the evaporation of water, and its precipitation and flow, which is lifesupporting. The rise and fall of great civilization such as in the valleys of the Indus and Tigris and Euphrates ...

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7. Privatization Issues in Water Supply in Malaysia

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pp. 136-173

One of the growing trends in the global water industry is the transfer of the production, distribution, and management of water services from public entities into private hands — a process commonly known as “privatization”. The privatization of water encompasses a wide variety of possible water management arrangements. ...

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8. Troubled Waters: Rehabilitating the Pasig River, the Philippines

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pp. 174-211

Urban Southeast Asia is experiencing an environmental crisis in which there have been few triumphs. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) considers Southeast Asia’s water pollution to be “severe”, more severe than China and East Asia. In particular faecal coli forms, low levels of oxygen and high levels of lead are seen as very severe; ...

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9. The Privatization of Water Services in Metro Manila: Lessons from a Mixed Outcome

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pp. 212-242

Among developing countries, the Philippines has been in the forefront of privatizing its urban water systems. The Metro Manila Water and Sewerage System (MWSS) was privatized in 1997 as a concession covering water and sanitation services. The concession was split into two, covering a twenty-five-year period, ...

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10. Singapore's Experiene in Water Resource Management

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pp. 243-254

Singapore today is regarded by others to have done well in its sustainable water management strategy, both in securing sufficient water supplies to meet its needs and in managing water demand through public education and ownership. Singapore’s application of technology to produce NEWater, a high-grade reclaimed water, ...

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11. Thailand's Water Sector: Overview and Implications

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pp. 255-285

Both the availability and use of water are changing. Water availability can be understood within the context of the dynamics of the water cycle. These resources are renewable (except for some groundwater), but only within clear limits, as in most cases water flows through catchments or river basin that are more or less self-contained. ...

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12. Water Resources and Issues Concerning Sustainable Watershed Management Practices in Vietnam

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pp. 286-316

It is very clear that for the world, water is a critical resource that will become increasingly scarce in the coming decades. Of the earth’s freshwater, about two-thirds is polar ice and most of the remainder is groundwater of depths about 200 to 600 metres, but most groundwater is saline below this depth. ...

Index

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pp. 317-341


E-ISBN-13: 9789812309839
Print-ISBN-13: 9789812309822

Page Count: 341
Publication Year: 2012