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Australia's Foreign Economic Policy and ASEAN

Jiro Okamoto

Publication Year: 2010

In this book, Jiro Okamoto explores the development of Australia's foreign economic policy towards ASEAN. He examines in detail decisive factors such as changes in the international and regional environment and the replacement of a dominant policy coalition with another in Australia's domestic policy process. His analysis shows that the shifts in Australia's ASEAN policy have not only closely reflected changes in Australia's overall foreign economic policy orientation, but that Australia's ASEAN policy strongly drove the change at key junctures. His work also offers important insights into the prospect of an "inclusive" economic integration process in East Asia. Although Australia's foreign economic policy has been an important element in regional economic cooperation, its inclusion in the East Asian integration process still remains ambiguous.

Published by: ISEAS–Yusof Ishak Institute

Title Page

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pp. v-vi

List of Figures and Tables

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pp. vii

Abbreviations and Acronyms

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pp. viii-xi

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pp. xii-xiv

This book is the fruit of study that I conducted intermittently over many years at the Institute of Developing Economies (IDE), particularly during two periods when I was posted abroad (in Canberra during 1992-94 and in Canberra and Bangkok during 2003-05) as an overseas researcher. ...

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1. Introduction

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pp. 1-16

Australia’s foreign economic policy1 has experienced a great deal of change since the early 1980s. So too has its policy towards the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). In the 1970s, Australia continued to reject ASEAN’s demand for better access by its members for industrial exports to the Australian market. ...

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2. An Analytical Framework

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pp. 17-33

As the economic interdependence of countries continues to deepen and become more complex, it is widely acknowledged that it is difficult to draw a sharp line between foreign and domestic economic policies. Both international and domestic factors matter in foreign economic policy-making. ...

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3. State-Society Coalitions and Australia's Foreign Economic Policy

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pp. 34-95

Since the early 1980s, Australia’s foreign economic policy has undergone two distinct shifts. The first, in the 1980s, was a consequence of the decision to reform the domestic economy. At that time, the government actively promoted multilateral trade and investment liberalization to underpin domestic reform. ...

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4. Australia and the Formation of ASEAN

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pp. 96-131

The foreign economic policy stance of the Australian Government (and the protectionist coalition) towards Southeast Asia in the postwar period was in essence contradictory. On the one hand, Southeast Asia has always been a strategically important region for Australia because of its geographical proximity. ...

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5. The Trade Liberalizers and Asia-Pacific Regionalist Strategies

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pp. 132-162

From the early 1970s, the international environment continued to be unfavourable for the Australian economy. The demand for Australia’s traditional exports did not improve. Changes in the international economic structure were clearly reflected in the rapid development of East Asian economies, ...

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6. The Development of ASEAN Regionalism and the AFTA-CER Linkage Dialogue

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pp. 163-203

The previous chapter examined how Australia–ASEAN relations deepened through multilateral cooperation frameworks such as the Cairns Group and APEC, against the backdrop of the Australian Government’s deployment of Asia-Pacific regionalist strategies since the mid-1980s. ...

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7. The Bilateralists and their ASEAN Policy

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pp. 204-246

During the campaign for the March 1996 general election, Australia’s relations with East Asia became one of the most debated issues. The Keating Government boasted about its diplomatic channels that were developed through the Cairns Group and APEC activities and criticized the Liberal and National Parties’ inexperience in this area ...

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8. Conclusion

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pp. 247-265

Australia’s foreign economic policy towards ASEAN has changed considerably over the past thirty to forty years. The change has not only closely reflected the shifts in Australia’s overall foreign economic policy orientation but at times it also strongly drove those shifts. ...


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pp. 266-269


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pp. 270-297


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pp. 298-312

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About the Author

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pp. 313

Jiro Okamoto is a former Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Developing Economies (IDE-JETRO) in Japan. His research focus has been on international political economy of East Asia and the Asia Pacific, economic cooperation/integration processes in the region and the role of international institutions in regional integration processes. ...

E-ISBN-13: 9789812309754
Print-ISBN-13: 9789812309747

Page Count: 313
Publication Year: 2010

Edition: 1

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Subject Headings

  • ASEAN.
  • Australia -- Foreign economic relations -- Southeast Asia.
  • Southeast Asia -- Foreign economic relations -- Australia.
  • Australia -- Foreign relations -- Southeast Asia.
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