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ASEAN-India-Australia

Towards Closer Engagement in a New Asia

William T Tow and Chin Kin Wah

Publication Year: 2009

India's emergence of a great power has sensitized its regional neighbours to its growing role as a key security actor in an increasingly interdependent world. Both Australia and ASEAN now view India as a major player in the formulation and application of their own broad security agendas. This emerging trilateral compendium is particularly evident in such policy areas as maritime security, climate change, energy security, law enforcement, "good governance" and the politics of security institutions or "architectures". This book represents one of the first systematic efforts to consolidate these diverse but important concerns into an overarching framework for ascertaining and cross-comparing how these three entities are approaching these policy challenges, individually and collectively. It argues that the dynamics underlying their intensifying security relations are sufficiently important to conceptualize them as a distinct analytical framework that needs to be understood in the larger context of Asia-Pacific security politics.

Published by: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

Title Page, Copyright

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Table of Contents

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pp. v-viii

Preface

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pp. ix-xii

Contributors

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pp. xiii-xvi

List of Abbreviations

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pp. xvii-xx

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Introduction

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pp. xxi-xxvi

In 2008, a news item highlighted aspects of old and new times: the Indian Navy pursued pirates in the Gulf of Aden and sank a Thai vessel that pirates had hijacked. “An Indian Navy, sinking a Thai boat in the Arabian Sea?”, many consumers of English language media would have asked. “When did India become a great seafaring power?” ...

Part I: Emerging Regional Security

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1. Emerging Regional Security Architecture: An Australian Perspective

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pp. 3-21

“Architecture” has become the latest buzzword in Asian security politics. The staggering growth in regional multilateralism which began during the 1990s has given rise to a burgeoning scholarship employing this terminology. Policymakers too have embraced the architectural metaphor. ...

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2. Emerging East Asian Regional Architecture: ASEAN Perspectives

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pp. 22-39

The term “regional architecture” is often used loosely or with scant prior clarification — presuming we all know what it refers too. A useful working definition is provided by Brendan Taylor and Bill Tow in their paper “Asia Pacific Security Architecture” prepared for an International Alliance of Research Universities Conference on Security held in November 2006.1 ...

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3. India in the Emerging Asian Architecture: Prospects for Security Cooperation with ASEAN and Australia

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pp. 40-57

The debate on the construction of a new security architecture in Asia takes place in the context of two broad trends. One is the potential impact of a rising Asia on the international system. There is a widespread sense today that the rise of China and the emergence of India might mark a fundamental power transition in the global order, ...

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4. ASEAN, Australia, and India in Asia's Regional Order

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pp. 58-76

Can ASEAN, Australia, and India emerge as effective and influential drivers of Asia’s pursuit for a stable regional order? This question is at the heart of this enquiry. Writing in 2003, G. John Ikenberry and Michael Mastanduno observed that essentially three actors would shape the current and future politics of the Asia-Pacific. ...

Part II: Energy Security

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5. Regional Energy Security: A Challenging Objective?

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pp. 79-94

The consequences of sustained and rapid economic changes in Asia (particularly China and India) for international trade, labour, and financial markets have been recognized for some years. Recognition of their current and prospective effects on commodity markets has evolved more slowly, but those impacts are now seen as substantial.1 ...

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6. Energy Security: An ASEAN Perspective

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pp. 95-110

The projected demand for energy in ASEAN over the next two decades is expected to be among the highest in the world. Many of the ten member nations are just beginning their economic take-offs after decades of strife. Essential for sustained development to occur, of course, are adequate and reliable energy supplies. ...

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7. India's Perspectives on Energy Security

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pp. 111-128

It is evident that the years since the new millennium have seen a profound transformation of the global and Asian security environment. Resource needs, and in particular, energy, have been key drivers of this change. This reactivation of resource interests in international affairs is due to their being so central to achieving economic dynamism and successful global engagement, ...

Part III: Climate Change

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8. The Strategic Implications of Climate Change Alan Dupont

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pp. 131-152

On 17 April 2007, the United Nations Security Council deliberated on the political and security implications of climate change, a geophysical phenomenon far removed from the traditional preoccupations of international security. Sceptics branded the debate an unwarranted diversion from more urgent matters and argued that climate change ...

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9. Climate Change: An ASEAN Perspective

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pp. 153-171

Indonesia hosted the United Nations meeting in Bali in December 2007, which launched the current round of international climate change negotiations. The aim is to reach an agreement by the end of 2009 on new arrangements to curb global warming. These are supposed to start in 2012 when the existing control mechanism, the Kyoto Protocol, expires. ...

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10. Indian Perspectives on Climate Change

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pp. 172-182

In India, the debate surrounding climate change centres around the need for the country to eradicate poverty and provide basic necessities for its citizens, while simultaneously deliberating on the need for the country to curb emissions voluntarily through the use of new and efficient technologies. ...

Part IV: Maritime Security

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11. Australia and Maritime Security in the Northeast Indian Ocean

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pp. 185-202

Maritime security is vital to Australia and its neighbours in the ASEANAustralia- India “triangle” — or the area of the northeast Indian Ocean. It has become a leading sphere for the construction of deeper forms of security cooperation. Nonetheless, both the “region” in question and the topic of maritime security itself are underdeveloped ideas ...

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12. ASEAN Maritime Security Perspectives: Enduring Partnerships

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pp. 203-218

Regional stability is as essential to ASEAN members as to any other groupings of states. Maritime security is an integral component for realizing this objective. After all, goods and services are ultimately connected to free trade by seas. Approximately 90 per cent of total international trade is currently transported by sea and valued at US$155 billion annually.1 ...

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13. Maritime Security Triangulation of ASEAN-Australia-India: An Indian Perspective

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pp. 219-242

The twenty-first century seems set to be the century of governance challenges. The speed with which ideas of governance have moved to the centre of political discourse is startling, and serves yet again to remind us of the dynamic interconnections between conceptual innovation and the implementation of new policies by state and non-state actors. ...

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14. Governance in Australian Discourse

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pp. 243-255

The twenty-first century seems set to be the century of governance challenges. The speed with which ideas of governance have moved to the centre of political discourse is startling, and serves yet again to remind us of the dynamic interconnections between conceptual innovation and the implementation of new policies by state and non-state actors. ...

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15. ASEAN Charter and Perspectives of Governance and Democracy in Asia

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pp. 256-268

Despite its often stated aims of promoting economic growth, social progress, and Asian cultural development, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was originally conceptualized as an association of states engaged in post-independence confidence building. In coming together to form an association, the initial members, among which ...

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16. The Problem of Governance in India

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pp. 269-290

There has always been debate about India’s underdevelopment and problem of governance not only at the level of intellectual and academic discourse, but also among ordinary people. Why has India remained economically underdeveloped and politically ungovernable? ...

Part V: Law Enforcement/Combating International Crime

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17. Implications of the Growing Prevalence of Interregional Crime for Cooperation in the Asia-Pacific Region

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pp. 293-318

The regions within which criminals interact can be likened to Barry Buzan’s concept of a “security complex”. By a “security complex”, Buzan had in mind a region in which the internal “amity-enmity” lines are more powerful than the external “amity-enmity” lines.1 In the case of criminal activity, the equivalent to a security complex would be a group of countries within which criminal “transactions” ...

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18. Australian Perspectives on Regional Law Enforcement: Issues and Challenges

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pp. 319-333

The last decade has seen significant changes in the challenges faced by Australia in confronting transnational crime. The international criminal environment has undergone rapid transformation as a result of globalization, technological change, and social and economic upheaval. There are few forms or instances of significant crime affecting Australia that do not have an international dimension. ...

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19. Countering International Crime in an ASEAN Context: Singapore's Perspective

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pp. 334-346

International crime, or transnational crime, often perpetrated by organized crime syndicates, is a concern faced by many countries, particularly in the lucrative areas of drug trafficking, arms smuggling, money laundering, and trading of counterfeit goods. The problem has grown exponentially in recent years with increasingly open borders, faceless methods of transactions, ..

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20. Indian Perspectives on Law Enforcement against International Crime

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pp. 347-360

New threats confront the international law enforcement community as the end of the first decade of the new century draws to a close. In recent years, terrorism, organized crime, and the proliferation of both weapons of mass destruction and advanced conventional weapons systems have emerged to become important threats to global security. ...

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21. Conclusion

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pp. 361-368

The coming century will not, as many commentators claim, be the Asian century, but the Asia-Pacific century — the period in which not just China and India, but also Vanuatu, Nauru, the Solomon Islands and Niue will march, arm in arm, to the place in the global sun that population (China, India), quality of resorts (Vanuatu), ...

Bibliography

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pp. 369-398

Index

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pp. 399-417


E-ISBN-13: 9789812309648
Print-ISBN-13: 9789812309631

Page Count: 417
Publication Year: 2009

Edition: 1

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Southeast Asia -- Foreign relations -- Australia.
  • Australia -- Foreign relations -- Southeast Asia.
  • Southeast Asia -- Foreign relations -- India.
  • India -- Foreign relations -- Southeast Asia.
  • Australia -- Foreign relations -- India.
  • India -- Foreign relations -- Australia.
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