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Poverty Reduction through Sustainable Fisheries

Emerging Policy and Governance Issues in Southeast Asia

Roehlano M Briones and Arnulfo G Garcia

Publication Year: 2008

Beyond previous more simplistic approaches, this book takes a giant step towards understanding and translating into people-centered policies the actual position and complexity of fish production in Southeast Asian economies. Tackling how fisheries and aquaculture are embedded in local and household economies and linked through dynamic supply chains to more distant, even global markets, the book makes essential policy and analytical recommendations. SEARCA and ISEAS have made a major contribution to the intellectual debate and action agenda for Southeast Asian fisheries.--Dr Meryl Williams, Chair of the Commission of the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research

Published by: ISEAS–Yusof Ishak Institute

Title Page, Copyright

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Table of Contents

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pp. vii

List of Tables

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pp. ix-xi

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pp. xii

Agriculture has traditionally been associated with the utilisation of land-based resources. However, large segments of the rural poor in Southeast Asia are dependent on living aquatic resources, whether as consumers, fishers in coastal and inland waters, or fish farmers. Policy research has only recently begun to renew its...

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pp. xiii

The papers that are collected and synthesised in this volume were first presented in a conference on “Poverty Reduction Through Sustainable Fisheries: Emerging Policy and Governance Issues in Southeast Asia,” held last 10-11 April 2007. The conference was the fruit of a partnership between SEARCA, the...

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1. Introduction and Synthesis

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pp. 1-13

Fisheries, which cover both aquaculture and capture of wild stocks, are an important source of food and livelihood for the poor in Southeast Asia. In this region, fish consumption provides a large share of animal protein to the average person’s diet, from 40 per cent in the Philippines and...

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2. Fish and the Poor

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pp. 15-37

As fish stocks are reported to be in decline throughout many of the world’s oceans and inland areas (e.g., Worm et al. 2006; Wong et al. 2007; Garcia and Newton, 1997), concerns have been increasing in recent years not only for the environmental impact of such declines, but also for the potential...

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3. Fish and the Poor: The Case of Cambodia

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pp. 39-49

Poverty incidence in Cambodia remains high, reaching 28 per cent (World Bank, 2006). Majority of the rural poor, including men, women, and children engage in fishing activities for their livelihood. Cambodia is rich in aquatic biodiversity. There are about 500 freshwater fish species...

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4. Changing Demand and Supply Structure of Fish in Asia: Past Trends and Future Projections

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pp. 51-73

The supply of and demand for fish have changed dramatically during the last three decades. Global demand for fish has risen rapidly with rising populations and increasing per capita income. The rise in demand has been met by a rapid growth in production and increased global trade. The...

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5. Regional Economic Integration of the Fisheries Sector in ASEAN Countries

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pp. 75-105

In December 1997, ASEAN Heads of State and Government unveiled the ASEAN Vision 2020. This document, among other things, envisioned a more economically integrated ASEAN. In particular, the ASEAN Vision 2020 foresees a stable, prosperous, and highly competitive regional...

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6. Technology Policies for Capture Fisheries and Aquaculture in Southeast Asia

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pp. 107-126

The capture fisheries and aquaculture sectors are of fundamental importance to Southeast Asia in terms of food security, revenue generation, and employment. Both catching and farming aquatic resources form a vital part of the rural people’s livelihoods in several countries. Culturally, aquatic...

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7. The Status, Current Trends and Future Directions for Production and Technology of Fisheries in Southeast Asia

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pp. 127-143

Fisheries compose the industry that deals with the capture, culture, processing, and marketing of aquatic plants and animals. They provide food, livelihood, and income to millions of people in Southeast Asia. In 2004, fisheries production of the region reached 19.6 million tons...

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8. The Seafood Supply Chain and Poverty Reduction

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pp. 145-187

The fishery sector contributes significantly to many coastal economies in generating income, employment, and foreign exchange earnings. In addition, the fishery sector is one of the key contributors to food security and poverty alleviation in many developing nations. It is deemed as...

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9. Strategy for the Empowerment of Aquaculture Fish Farmers in Indonesia

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pp. 189-198

Indonesia is the largest archipelagic country in the world, with high diversity in terms of geography and climate, ecosystems, and species. These extensive and varied natural resources have great potential for developing a wide spectrum of fisheries activities. The population of over 220 million is...

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10. Status of Coastal and Marine Resources: Implications for Fisheries Management and Poverty in Southeast Asia

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pp. 199-231

The coastal and marine resources in Southeast Asia are unequalled in density and diversity by those in other parts of the world (Figure 10.1). It is well known that these tropical coastal areas are rich in coastal and marine ecosystems comprised of coral reefs, mangroves, estuaries, beaches...

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11. Property Rights and Institutional Arrangements in Southeast Asian Fisheries

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pp. 233-259

In addition, there are two more lessons increasingly being understood by fishermen, policy makers, and fisheries managers. First is that centrally imposed, command and control regulatory regimes are not compatible with commercial forces that exist in fisheries. Indeed, command and control...

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12. Regional Cooperation in Aquatic Resource Managment for Southeast Asia

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pp. 261-276

Environment and natural resources management, to be effective, should carefully consider the integrity of biophysical systems. This feature is explicit in the ecosystem approach to resource management, which is named after the most basic functional unit in ecology. Just above it in the biophysical...

E-ISBN-13: 9789812308832
Print-ISBN-13: 9789812308825

Page Count: 278
Publication Year: 2008

Edition: 1

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Subject Headings

  • Fishery management -- Southeast Asia -- Congresses.
  • Fisheries -- Southeast Asia -- Congresses.
  • Poverty -- Southeast Asia -- Prevention -- Congresses.
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