Sharing of Experiences
Publication Year: 2008
Published by: ISEAS–Yusof Ishak Institute
Title Page, Copyright
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Table of Contents
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Foreword by Pascal Lamy
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World politics and economics are increasingly being shaped by the drive towards “institutionalization” on a global or regional scale. For years, nation states have searched for answers to the challenges of globalization. But reality has shown that economic forces such as capital ...
Foreword by Holger Standertskjöld
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I am delighted to support the publication of this excellent book. Professor Jørgen Ørstrøm Møller is an astute scholar and experienced diplomat who showcases the stunning successes of the European Union (EU) as well as the challenges it has faced. ...
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October 1992 was the fiftieth anniversary of the battle of El Alamein where the British, the Germans, and the Italians fought each other. It was also a few months after a majority of Danish voters had rejected the Treaty of Maastricht, designed as a quantum leap for the European integration. The outcome of the ...
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My first thanks should go to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Singapore, and in particular, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Brigadier-General (NS) George Yeo, and 2nd Permanent Secretary Bilahari Kausikan, for endorsing my fellowship at ISEAS and supporting me in many ways. When changing status ...
A TECHNICAL NOTE
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Most of us take globalization for granted. It is the only economic model we have known. The Anglo-Saxons introduced it after 1945,1 shaped by the wisdom of the British, in particular John Maynard Keynes, and supported by the might of the United States of America. ...
1. BASIC PRINCIPLES
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Some basic, very basic principles, determine the success or failure of an economic integration: positive sum game, step by step, clear political objectives, the role of problem grinder, links to the domestic political system, impose discipline/self-discipline on member states, balance between small and ...
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Intergovernmental cooperation is the traditional form for cooperation among nation states and their governments. The United Nations and the World Trade Organisation (WTO) are examples. These two organizations are among the most advanced and binding forms of intergovernmental cooperation ...
3. GRAND DESIGNS
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One of the most fascinating “either — or” questions in the history of the European Union has been the dispute, sometimes almost of a theological character, of whether to deepen the integration, saying No to enlargements, or open the door for new members, with the accompanying slowing down of ...
4. THE MECHANICS
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The creation of a single market where goods, services, capital, and persons can move freely without meeting any obstacles happens in two steps. The first one may encounter political and administrative difficulties, but is conceptually fairly easy: removal of tangible barriers for movement of ...
5. THE EUROPEAN UNION’S ROLE IN THE WORLD
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The European Union has gradually built up a role for itself on the global economic and political stage. From forging bilateral agreements strictly of an economic nature that emphasize trade and development assistance, it has moved on to a Common Foreign and ...
6. THE RATIONALE BEHIND THE ENLARGEMENTS — WHY THEY WORKED
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The debate about enlargement drives home the central point that the European Union has always nourished a grand strategic design. It has had repercussions for the political and economic architecture of Europe. The European Union fast became the flywheel for Europe’s politics and economics, thus attracting ...
7. CONSTRAINTS — RISKS— CHALLENGES
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A number of issues have arisen over the years indicating constraints, risks, challenges, and opportunities. Conflicts or positive interactions between various policy goals may arise. The integration can produce a backlash or question marks and, in some cases, unexpected results, or itineraries pop up ...
8. BUILDING TRUST
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Member states share common political objectives. They are steered by analogous interests and policies. They operate at approximately the same economic level with a comparable standard of living. Experience suggests that common values and a common history are ...
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Europe has been tremendously successful in its integration, when one bears in mind the obstacles from a war-torn and decrepit Europe, still in the mould of the old fashioned nation state, but which today has turned into the European Union, a supranational ...
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About the Author
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Page Count: 513
Publication Year: 2008