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Indonesian Muslim Intellectuals of the Twentieth Century

Howard M Federspiel

Publication Year: 2006

This study examines the Indonesian Muslim intellectuals of the twentieth century and their approaches in dealing with the problems that faced Indonesian Muslims at that time. Like their intellectual ancestors in Islamic history, these recent Indonesian intellectuals carefully examined the society in which they lived. On one level they studied the original and historical teachings of Islam and attempted to fit that message to the Southeast Asian region. On another level they reacted to the great waves of culture that arrived from Europe, North America, and Asia throughout the twentieth century. They did all of this at a time when the Indonesian nation was forming itself, beginning with the nationalist movements of the early part of the century when the Dutch controlled the archipelago, and continuing into the last half of the century when Indonesia was an independent nation.

Published by: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

Title page, Copyright Page

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Table of Contents

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About the Author

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pp. vii-viii

Howard M. Federspiel is a Professor of Political Science at The Ohio State University, Newark, Ohio, U.S.A. He has also had a long association with the Institute of Islamic Studies at McGill University in Montreal...

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1. Introduction

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pp. 1-8

There are some matters in Islam that are defined in great detail and remain strongly resistant to change. Prayer and other rites of worship, dating to the seventh century, are witness to that continuity. The belief in a never-changing law of God is unchallenged among Muslims...

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2. Early Twentieth Century Development

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pp. 9-26

It is important to understand the context of Islamic belief and practice in the area now known as Indonesia at the beginning of the twentieth century, in order to perceive the intellectual currents that occurred afterwards. At the time there were three major manifestations of Islamic...

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3. The Flowering of Islamic Associations

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pp. 27-44

The second quarter of the century in the Indies was a period of general Dutch political repression towards indigenous nationalism and the creation of a colonial state given over to the benefit of an immigrant European population. Education became widespread, but it was education

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4. The Islamic Context in the Age of Sukarno

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pp. 45-60

During the Japanese occupation of Indonesia (1942 to 1945) little occurred in the way of Indonesian Muslim intellectual development; the effort to survive in a food-short and severely authoritarian society apparently dampened abstract thought. Indonesian political leaders...

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5. The Early New Order Period

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pp. 61-72

Politically, the early New Order period, from 1966 to 1974, was marked by the rise of an authoritarian state under the leadership of President Suharto, with support from the army, entrepreneurial business, civil servants, a technological elite, and creditor nations from Europe and North America...

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6. The Later New Order Period

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pp. 73-90

The New Order government had a strong hold on the political system of Indonesia by 1974 and continued to rule until the end of the twentieth century, when it was brought to an end in forced elections after the government was unable to weather a severe economic crisis in 1997...

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7. Conclusions

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pp. 91-94

Indonesian Muslim thinking reflected the major political developments of twentieth-century Indonesia. Accordingly, the creation and development of the Indonesian state was a central focus of their thinking. Further, the intellectual constructs that were presented were generally...

Bibliography

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pp. 95-96


E-ISBN-13: 9789812307040
Print-ISBN-13: 9789812302991

Page Count: 96
Publication Year: 2006

Edition: 1

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Indonesia -- Intellectual life -- 20th century.
  • Muslims -- Indonesia -- Intellectual life -- 20th century.
  • Intellectuals -- Indonesia -- History -- 20th century.
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