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ASEAN-China Relations

Realities and Prospects

Saw Swee-Hock, Sheng Lijun and Chin Kin Wah

Publication Year: 2005

The past decade has witnessed rapid development in ASEAN-China relations. Both sides now have more in common than before, though differences still exist. ASEAN and China have established a promising strategic partnership ensuring peace, stability, co-operation as well as prosperity for the region. New challenges will, however, continue to emerge to test the resolve of the partnership. This book examines some of the areas of convergence and divergence and the possible trajectories of the development of ASEAN-China relations.

Published by: ISEAS–Yusof Ishak Institute

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. v-vii

The Contributors

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pp. ix-xiv

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pp. xv-xvi

The rise of China is one of the most critical developments in the world today. Some are reflective on its meaning and implications. Others ponder over the long-term impact on the region’s security landscape while exploring security cooperation with this major power. The regional business community seeks...

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Opening Remarks

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pp. xvii-xix

On behalf of ISEAS, let me welcome all of you to ASEAN-China Forum 2004. ISEAS is only slightly younger than the original ASEAN first established in 1967, but ISEAS has, of course, not grown together with ASEAN in every respect. For one thing, ISEAS did not admit five new partners. For another,...

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1. An Overview of ASEAN-China Relations

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pp. 1-18

Before the 1990s, there was no official relationship between ASEAN as a grouping and China, although China had official bilateral relations with certain individual ASEAN member states. From the late 1980s, China intensified its efforts to establish diplomatic relations with all the remaining ASEAN states leading eventually to official relationship with the ASEAN...

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2. Securing a Win-Win Partnership for ASEAN and China

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pp. 19-26

Let me begin by defining the word “win-win partnership” in the context of ASEAN-China dialogue relations. As the Chinese saying goes, “benevolent government and friendship with neighbouring countries are the good fortune of a country”, ASEAN and China are tapping the opportunities and...

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3. China's Peaceful Development and Relations with its East Asian Neighbours

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pp. 27-30

China adheres to the road of peaceful development. It will take full advantage of the good opportunity that world peace affords to develop and strengthen itself, and at the same time safeguard world peace with its development....

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4. Strengthening Cooperation in the ASEAN Regional Forum: An ASEAN View

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pp. 31-39

The ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) is now a decade old. During this period it has not progressed much beyond Stage One, namely, the promotion of confidence-building measures. It has begun to discuss preventive diplomacy, but has not developed or implemented any. As for Stage Three, the development...

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5. Strengthening ASEAN-China Cooperation in the ASEAN Regional Forum

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pp. 40-48

The ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) is the most important governmental forum for multilateral security dialogue and cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region. It was officially initiated by ASEAN and the inaugural ARF Ministerial Meeting was held in Bangkok on 25 July 1994. For the past decade, all the...

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6. ASEAN 3: The Roles of ASEAN and China

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pp. 49-67

East Asia is in the throes of an important socio-economic evolutionary process, after three waves of monumental transformation since the late 1980s. Each wave of change and transformation moulded East Asia incrementally and helped forge an East Asian economic model, which is becoming discernable...

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7. Ways towards East Asian FTA: The Significant Roles of ASEAN and China

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pp. 68-89

East Asia is an area where new emerging market economies are very dynamic, intra-regional economic links are closely knitted and highly reliant on external markets. Faced with the rapid growth of regional trade arrangements around the globe and especially the expansion of the two trade blocs of EU and...

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8. Japan and the United States in ASEAN-China Relations

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pp. 90-109

Descriptions of the relationship between China and the ASEAN states range from one of inevitable hegemony1 to one of greater openness, comfort and cooperation.2 At first glance, these perspectives seem to reflect different points of emphasis. From a security standpoint, the effects of China’s growing...

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9. US-ASEAN, Japan-ASEAN Relations and Their Impacts on China

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pp. 110-127

Since the end of the Cold War, and especially after the Asian financial crisis and the September 11 terrorist attacks, the presence and influence of some world powers including the United States, China, and Japan in Southeast Asia have greatly changed. Because of these changes, ASEAN...

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10. India's Approach to ASEAN and Its Regional Implications

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pp. 128-150

In the first phase, India-ASEAN relations were mainly tentative and partial. India at this time focused largely on building up her relations with individual ASEAN countries, with different emphases and values for each. For example, in the trade, investment, and science and technology R&D...

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11. The Dragon, the Bull and the Ricestalks: The Roles of China and India in Southeast Asia

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pp. 151-163

The end of the Cold War in the early 1990s brought about opportunities as well as challenges to the countries in Southeast Asia. It provided the opportunity to establish a new regional order where the countries in the region could coexist peacefully in spite of different ideologies. It also offered the challenge for...

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12. Evolving Securty Environment in Southeast Asia: An ASEAN Assessment

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pp. 164-174

Since the main topic is on the evolving security environment of Southeast Asia, particularly on external security challenges of Southeast Asia, this introduction will include two other problems that are internal security concerns for Southeast Asia. First is the domestic challenges due to the financial crisis...

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13. Evolving Security Environment in Southeast Asia: A Chinese Assessment

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pp. 175-186

Southeast Asia has been in the process of a comprehensive integration while China, as a regional emerging power, is gradually getting into the international community. Looking around China, Southeast Asia is the most important area for China both at the regional level and bilateral level while other directions are...

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14. China-ASEAN Maritime Security Cooperation Situation and Proposals

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pp. 187-198

Security cooperation means that two or more international actors, driven by mutually beneficial interests, take common actions to deal with the national security or regional security affairs in a coordinated way in order to achieve the anticipated goals of their respective national security....

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15. ASEAN-China Maritime Security Cooperation

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pp. 199-207

How will maritime security cooperation between ASEAN states and China evolve? Clearly, such collaboration is in its infancy when compared to the long-standing and quite well developed naval joint training exercises between some ASEAN countries, and between them and the United States, Australia,...

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16. ASEAN-China FTA: Opportunities, Modalities and Prospects

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pp. 208-228

The Sixth ASEAN-China Summit in Cambodia in 2002 is a milestone of regional economic cooperation for China and for the whole East Asian region. The Framework Agreement on ASEAN-China Economic Cooperation (FAACEC) was signed, and ASEAN and China agreed to establish a Free...

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17. Building ASEAN-China FTA: Opportunities, Modalities and Prospects

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pp. 229-259

Today ASEAN and China are clearly the world’s emerging economies. Both are considered crucial to the future development of East Asia. In general, China is obviously more of a heavyweight in the global economy than ASEAN. In order for their economies to further prosper, they all need...

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18. China's Business Environment: A Macro Economic Perspective

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pp. 260-272

A macro perspective on China’s business environment is important because business executives and investors need to understand what is driving China’s growth in terms of both cyclical and structural factors, so that they can plan and manage with better market insights that are anchored in a broader and...

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19. Business Environment and Opportunities in Shanghai

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pp. 273-293

China’s twenty-five years of reform has witnessed rapid development in foreign trade. Since the 1990s, especially with the FTA between ASEAN and China being put forward into the agenda, the economic and trade relationship between the two parties has experienced even more rapid development. Like the United...

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20. Yunnan's Greater Mekong Sub-Region Strategy

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pp. 294-315

The past decade saw rapid development in the relations between China and ASEAN, especially since the announcement at the ASEAN-China Summit in 2001 in Brunei to build a China-ASEAN Free Trade Area (CAFTA). This CAFTA carries immense significance to the economic cooperation and...

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21. ASEAN-China Cooperation for Greater Mekong Sub-Region Development

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pp. 316-328

It is fortunate that Southeast Asia is politically stable, enabling an environment conducive for regional cooperation and progress towards regional integration. However, while the spirit of regional cooperation is strengthening, the reality is that political and economic disparities exist among nation states in the...

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22. South China Sea: Turning Suspicion into Mutual Understanding and Cooperation

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pp. 329-343

As one of the major marginal seas in the world, the South China Sea (SCS) is defined by the International Hydrographic Bureau as the semi-enclosed body of water, situated from three degrees south latitude between South Sumatra and Kalimantan (Kalimantan Straits), and to the Strait of Taiwan...

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23. The South China Sea Disputes after the 2002 Declaration: Beyond Confidence-Building

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pp. 344-355

The South China Sea (SCS) disputes refer to competing territorial and jurisdictional claims over four groups of islands, reefs, and atolls (Paracels, Spratlys, Macclesfield Bank, and Pratas), along with their surrounding waters, lying strategically between China and Southeast Asia. The claimants include...

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24. China and Ethnic Chinese in ASEAN: Post-Cold War Development

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pp. 356-366

During the Cold War, there were two schools of thought regarding the policy of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) towards Chinese residents in Southeast Asia, including those in Indonesia. The first school was represented by Harold Hinton,1 which argued that China would protect the “overseas Chinese”...


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pp. 367-375

E-ISBN-13: 9789812306364
Print-ISBN-13: 9789812303424

Page Count: 375
Publication Year: 2005

Edition: 1