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India and Southeast Asia

Towards Security Convergence

Sudhir Devare

Publication Year: 2005

There is a growing dialogue between India and Southeast Asia. From a marginal relationship during the Cold War days to the participation of India at the East Asia summit in December 2005 has been a long journey. In the context of the geopolitical situation in the Asia-Pacific in the post-September 11 period, the security dimension between India and Southeast Asia cannot be overemphasized. With the continued U.S. preponderance in the region and China’s phenomenal rise, the countries of Southeast Asia and India have an opportunity to evolve a co-operative relationship not only with one another, but also with the major powers of the region. This book examines the areas of comprehensive security and the growing understanding between India and Southeast Asia where there is less divergence and greater convergence. The author argues that India–Southeast Asia security convergence is not and should not be aimed at any particular country. On an optimistic note he concludes that such convergence will contribute to creating harmony among the major powers of Asia to make the twenty-first century the “Asian century”.

Published by: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

Title Page, Copyright Page

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Table of Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Foreword

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pp. ix-x

In the closing months of 2004, a few dozens of enthusiastic drivers piloted their ordinary roadworthy vehicles through the northeast of India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, Singapore and by ferry to the Indonesian island of Batam. They were participating in the first-ever ASEAN–India Car Rally. This fascinating ...

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Preface

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pp. xi-xii

Standing on the banks of the Irrawaddy in Myanmar or Mekong in Laos, or gazing at the stupendous human feat of Angkor Wat in Cambodia or Borobudur in Indonesia, I have often marvelled at the tide of history of India’s association with Southeast Asia over the millennia, blending with each other in a synthesis of thoughts and values, lending assurance and strength to each other. ...

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Acknowledgements

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pp. xiii-xiv

Having spent several years in the Asia-Pacific region, the idea to pen down thoughts on the trends in India–Southeast Asia relations had been on my mind. I was fortunate to have the opportunity to work on the subject when I was a Visiting Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS) in Singapore. The productive and highly ...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-12

The end of the Cold War and the almost simultaneous advent of globalization with its emphasis on market forces, capital and technology were landmark changes. Old mindsets were giving way to new equations. In the Asia-Pacific region, multilateralism was being tried as a means to deal with interstate issues, and major powers were evaluating if and how they should adopt it. ...

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1. Politico-Security Landscape

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pp. 13-44

The title of this book may raise a question in the reader’s mind — why security in India and Southeast Asia? For all the challenges they face, they appear strong and resilient. How should security between India and Southeast Asia be defined or understood? Security should encompass both traditional as well as non-traditional security. It should thus be comprehensive security. ...

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2. Growing Security Convergence?

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pp. 45-87

India, in South Asia, and the ten countries of Southeast Asia are large demographic entities and close neighbours with religious and sociocultural diversity, political pluralism, and also problems of socioeconomic underdevelopment and disparity. However, they do not live in an isolated world. They are part of the same geopolitical and geoeconomic environment pushed closer by the forces of globalization. ...

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3. Seas as Connecting Links

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pp. 88-123

Within a span of a few minutes on the fateful morning of 26 December 2004, the tsunami waves dealt a deadly blow to hundreds of thousands of men, women and children, and the physical landscape across several countries. In this regional catastrophe that brought about unprecedented death and misery, the stark reality of the oneness of the vast Indian Ocean region, and especially Southeast and South Asia, was driven ...

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4. Economic Co-operation and Integration: Building Blocks of Security

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pp. 124-159

Geopolitics versus geoeconomics. It is often argued that today the latter has taken the centre stage of international relations. Whether it is true is a debatable point. However, it is apparent that economic interests are seen to be dominant in relationship between countries even as the role of politico-security factors remains largely undiminished. ...

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5. Democracy, Culture and the Indian Diaspora

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pp. 160-178

In today’s world of rapid communication and globalization, mutuality of interests of comprehensive and human security which encompasses socio-political, economic or cultural dimension can make an important contribution to the building of security convergence between two nations. As non-traditional issues of security have become a major global concern, intrasociety or intranational aspects of security will also need close ...

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6. Myanmar: A Challenging Frontier

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pp. 179-206

Myanmar (formerly Burma),1 the second largest country in ASEAN in terms of land area, is in many ways a bridge between ASEAN and India and yet a bridge not sufficiently crossed by either and, in the process, left uncared for. Recent history and geography seem to have relegated Myanmar to a neglected corner. For a large country with a rich-resource ...

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7. Conclusion

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pp. 207-213

Much water has flowed through the Bay of Bengal and the Malacca Strait since India and Southeast Asia began their “rediscovery” a decade and half ago. How much have they discovered during this period? Today, their wavelengths are not too different. They are fairly similar, just as they were when both set out on their respective journeys soon after independence. ...

Appendix I: Chronology of Important Developments between India and ASEAN

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pp. 214-

Appendix II: Instrument of Accession to the Treaty of Amity and Co-operation in Southeast Asia

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pp. 215-

Appendix III: Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and the Republic of India

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pp. 216-228

Appendix IV: ASEAN–India Joint Declaration for Cooperation to Combat International Terrorism

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pp. 229-231

Appendix. V: ASEAN–India Partnership for Peace, Progress and Shared Prosperity

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pp. 232-235

Appendix VI: Plan of Action to Implement the ASEAN–India Partnership for Peace, Progress and Shared Prosperity

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pp. 236-244

Index

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pp. 245-252

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About the Author

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pp. 253-

Sudhir Devare is a Visiting Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies in Singapore. A former member of the Indian Foreign Service (1964–2001), he served in several Indian missions abroad and was India’s ambassador to ...


E-ISBN-13: 9789812305572
Print-ISBN-13: 9789812303455

Page Count: 255
Publication Year: 2005

Edition: 1

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • National security -- India.
  • National security -- Southeast Asia.
  • India -- Foreign relations -- Southeast Asia.
  • Southeast Asia -- Foreign relations -- India.
  • India -- Foreign economic relations -- Southeast Asia.
  • Southeast Asia -- Foreign economic relations -- India.
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