Asian Development Experience Vol. 1
External Factors for Asian Development
Publication Year: 2004
Published by: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
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List of Tables
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List of Figures
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The three volumes bring together essays from a two-year research project, âAsian Development Experienceâ that commenced in November 2001. The principal objective of the project was to investigate the dynamic factors contributing to the remarkable success of ASEAN economies. We particularly focused on the role of external factors, domestic policy reforms ...
1 Introduction: Aid, Trade, and FDI for Economic Development in East Asia
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East Asian countries including Japan were poor in the mid-1960s. Table 1.1 shows the countryâs income level in 1965 and 2000. We can make income comparisons between the years 1965 and 2000 for 92 countries in the World Bank database. Japanâs income was $910 in 1965, which was about a quarter of the USâ income. Japanâs income was lower ...
2 Japanâs Development Cooperation in East Asia: A Historical Overview of Japanâs ODA and Its Impact
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Japanâs economy was not fully developed in the 1950s. I think that Japan, in the high-growth period, can be described as the forerunner of Asiaâs newly industrializing economies (NIEs). Japan had balance of payments difficulties until the mid-1960s. The country started its Official Development Assistance (ODA) programme in the form of technical ...
3 Japanâs ODA and Poverty Reduction: A Cross-Donor Comparison and a Case Study of Malaysia
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Since the mid-1990s, the international communityâs development objectives seem to have converged on poverty reduction. The current policy statements of multilateral institutions and aid donor countries are stressing explicitly the importance of poverty reduction at the global level. Particularly, the international community is supporting the ...
4 Upgrading Technology in ASEAN Countries and Japanâs ODA
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Upgrading technology plays a very important role in promoting economic development. Even with the same amount of factors inputs such as labour, capital, and land, improvement in technological level would result in an increase in the output level. Indeed, many episodes of economic development and economic growth have been accompanied by ...
5 The Significance of Japanâs Official Development Assistance in Indonesiaâs Agricultural Development: The Case of Increased Rice Production
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In the wake of the Asian economic crisis, sweeping changes have taken place in Indonesiaâs government and economy. Even considering the situation surrounding the example of food provision, problems are numerous. The amount of imported rice continued to reach new record highs in both 1998 and 1999. As a consequence of the then plummeting ...
6 Official Development Assistance as a Catalyst for Foreign Direct Investment and Industrial Agglomeration
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This chapter is intended to investigate the contribution of infrastructure development financed by Official Development Assistance (ODA) to attracting foreign direct investment (FDI) and to the formation of industrial agglomerations, with reference to the automotive industry in ...
7 The Role of Agricultural Exports Reconsidered: A Case of Three Southeast Asian Countries
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Expansion of agricultural exports is considered one of the most promising means of increasing incomes and augmenting foreign exchange earnings, particularly for a country stepping up its development efforts (Johnston and Mellor 1961). It is generally accepted that the supply of foreign exchange is one of the standard contributions of the agricultural sector ...
8 Seeking New Development Strategies: The Role of Government and ODA in Southeast Asia
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Although major players have alternated, the East Asian region has continued to serve as the worldâs growth centre for four decades. Justifying its claim for the âEast Asian Miracleâ, the World Bank emphasized in its 1993 report (World Bank 1993) the existence of well-managed macroeconomic fundamentals and wisely designed microeconomic ...
9 A New Japanese Approach to Nation Building: People-Centred Human Security
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The last decade of the twentieth century was characterized by the demise of communist illusion and a massive embracing of democratic values. It was most typically illustrated in the Charter of Paris, issued in 1990 by the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) nations summit. American and European leaders, including President of the Soviet ...
Page Count: 240
Publication Year: 2004