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Asian Development Experience Vol. 1

External Factors for Asian Development

Hirohisa Kohama

Publication Year: 2004

This book investigates the effects of Japan’s foreign aid for development, trade and FDI in ASEAN economies from various perspectives, including: the historical implications of Japan’s involvement; agricultural exports; the development patterns of the Southeast Asian economies; the formation of international production and distribution networks; poverty reduction; upgrading technology; and industrial agglomeration. The contributors analyse trade, FDI and foreign aid from the standpoint of policy coherence at the interface between development co-operation and many other policy areas: trade, agriculture, food safety, fisheries, intellectual property, the environment, international finance, tax policy, migration, and peace and security.

Published by: ISEAS–Yusof Ishak Institute


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pp. 2-5


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pp. v-vi

List of Tables

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pp. vii-x

List of Figures

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pp. xi-xii


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pp. xiii-14

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pp. xiv-15

The three volumes bring together essays from a two-year research project, “Asian Development Experience” that commenced in November 2001. The principal objective of the project was to investigate the dynamic factors contributing to the remarkable success of ASEAN economies. We particularly focused on the role of external factors, domestic policy reforms ...

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1 Introduction: Aid, Trade, and FDI for Economic Development in East Asia

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pp. 1-7

East Asian countries including Japan were poor in the mid-1960s. Table 1.1 shows the country’s income level in 1965 and 2000. We can make income comparisons between the years 1965 and 2000 for 92 countries in the World Bank database. Japan’s income was $910 in 1965, which was about a quarter of the US’ income. Japan’s income was lower ...

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2 Japan’s Development Cooperation in East Asia: A Historical Overview of Japan’s ODA and Its Impact

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pp. 8-46

Japan’s economy was not fully developed in the 1950s. I think that Japan, in the high-growth period, can be described as the forerunner of Asia’s newly industrializing economies (NIEs). Japan had balance of payments difficulties until the mid-1960s. The country started its Official Development Assistance (ODA) programme in the form of technical ...

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3 Japan’s ODA and Poverty Reduction: A Cross-Donor Comparison and a Case Study of Malaysia

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pp. 47-69

Since the mid-1990s, the international community’s development objectives seem to have converged on poverty reduction. The current policy statements of multilateral institutions and aid donor countries are stressing explicitly the importance of poverty reduction at the global level. Particularly, the international community is supporting the ...

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4 Upgrading Technology in ASEAN Countries and Japan’s ODA

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pp. 70-99

Upgrading technology plays a very important role in promoting economic development. Even with the same amount of factors inputs such as labour, capital, and land, improvement in technological level would result in an increase in the output level. Indeed, many episodes of economic development and economic growth have been accompanied by ...

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5 The Significance of Japan’s Official Development Assistance in Indonesia’s Agricultural Development: The Case of Increased Rice Production

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pp. 100-135

In the wake of the Asian economic crisis, sweeping changes have taken place in Indonesia’s government and economy. Even considering the situation surrounding the example of food provision, problems are numerous. The amount of imported rice continued to reach new record highs in both 1998 and 1999. As a consequence of the then plummeting ...

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6 Official Development Assistance as a Catalyst for Foreign Direct Investment and Industrial Agglomeration

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pp. 136-168

This chapter is intended to investigate the contribution of infrastructure development financed by Official Development Assistance (ODA) to attracting foreign direct investment (FDI) and to the formation of industrial agglomerations, with reference to the automotive industry in ...

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7 The Role of Agricultural Exports Reconsidered: A Case of Three Southeast Asian Countries

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pp. 169-193

Expansion of agricultural exports is considered one of the most promising means of increasing incomes and augmenting foreign exchange earnings, particularly for a country stepping up its development efforts (Johnston and Mellor 1961). It is generally accepted that the supply of foreign exchange is one of the standard contributions of the agricultural sector ...

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8 Seeking New Development Strategies: The Role of Government and ODA in Southeast Asia

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pp. 194-210

Although major players have alternated, the East Asian region has continued to serve as the world’s growth centre for four decades. Justifying its claim for the ‘East Asian Miracle’, the World Bank emphasized in its 1993 report (World Bank 1993) the existence of well-managed macroeconomic fundamentals and wisely designed microeconomic ...

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9 A New Japanese Approach to Nation Building: People-Centred Human Security

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pp. 211-242

The last decade of the twentieth century was characterized by the demise of communist illusion and a massive embracing of democratic values. It was most typically illustrated in the Charter of Paris, issued in 1990 by the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) nations summit. American and European leaders, including President of the Soviet ...

E-ISBN-13: 9789812305329
Print-ISBN-13: 9789812301963

Page Count: 240
Publication Year: 2004

Edition: 1