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Shari'a and Politics in Modern Indonesia

Arskal Salim and Azyumardi Azra

Publication Year: 2003

After the fall of President Soeharto, there have been heightened attempts by certain groups of Muslims to have shari’a (Islamic law) implemented by the state. Even though this burning issue is not new, it has further divided Indonesian Muslims. The introduction of Islamic law would also affect the future of multi-cultural and multi-religious Indonesia. So far, however, the introduction of shari’a nationwide has been opposed by the majority of Indonesian Muslims. This book gives an overview of shari’a from post-Independence in 1945 to the most recent developments in Indonesia at the start of the new millennium.

Published by: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-5

CONTENTS

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pp. 6-7

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

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p. vii-vii

Compiling various articles on the issue of shari’a and politics in modern Indonesia into a single volume is not a simple task. It would not have been possible without the kind contributions...

CONTRIBUTORS

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pp. viii-xi

GLOSSARY

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pp. xii-xix

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1. INTRODUCTION: The State and Shari’a in the Perspective of Indonesian Legal Politics

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pp. 1-16

The political atmosphere in the post-New Order era is evidently marked with the euphoria of democracy or political liberalization. One of its manifestations, as William R. Liddle ever predicted...

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2. LAW AND POLITICS IN POST-INDEPENDENCE INDONESIA: A Case Study of Religious and Adat Courts

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pp. 17-32

The shift from colonial to sovereign status did not bring any direct or pervasive changes to bear on the stature of law in the young Republic of Indonesia. By the time the proclamation...

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3. THE STATE AND SHARI’A IN INDONESIA

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pp. 33-47

For Muslims, the authority of Islam is an alternative to the authority of the state, regardless of that state’s particular ideological persuasion. This is as true now as it was for the Abbasids...

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4. THE STATE’S LEGAL POLICY AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF ISLAMIC LAW IN INDONESIA’S NEW ORDER

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pp. 48-75

The growing discontent under guided democracy and the pressure of deteriorating economic conditions under Sukarno brought about political violence and social conflict on an unparalleled...

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5. THE INDONESIAN MARRIAGE LAW OF 1974: An Institutionalization of the Shari’a for Social Changes

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pp. 76-95

Indonesia is the largest Muslim nation in the world. According to estimation, Muslims make up more than 87 per cent out of the total Indonesian population.1 The rest of the populations...

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6. INDONESIA’S 1989 RELIGIOUS JUDICATURE ACT: Islamization of Indonesia or Indonesianization of Islam?

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pp. 96-124

In 1989 the Indonesian legislature passed and President Suharto signed a new law governing the country’s Islamic courts. The statute...

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7. THE POLITICAL BACKDROP OF THE ENACTMENT OF THE COMPILATION OF ISLAMIC LAWS IN INDONESIA

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pp. 125-147

Kompilasi Hukum Islam di Indonesia (KHI), literally translated as the Compilation of Islamic Laws in Indonesia, is one of many vehicles used by the Indonesian Government to unify and codify...

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8. ISLAMIZING CAPITALISM: On the Founding of Indonesia’s First Islamic Bank

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pp. 148-167

I had just sat down in the waiting room of the newly formed Union of Indonesian Muslim Intellectuals (ICMI), awaiting the arrival of one of the organization’s leaders, and I was startled...

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9. FATWA AND POLITICS IN INDONESIA

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pp. 168-180

The aim of this chapter is to demonstrate how Indonesian fatawa (plural for fatwa) gave response to politics and government policies from 1926 up to 1998. It also shows how political situations influenced...

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10. ZAKAT ADMINISTRATION IN POLITICS OF INDONESIAN NEW ORDER

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pp. 181-192

It has been argued in the literature on Islam and politics in Indonesian New Order that the early phase of the regime was marked by antagonism towards Islam, while the last phase was characterized...

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11. ISLAMIC VALUES, LAW AND EXPECTATIONS IN CONTEMPORARY INDONESIA

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pp. 193-212

In the latest era of Indonesian history, from the mid-1960’s to 1998, known as the New Order Era, leaders from the army, key technocrats, and agents of other nationalist-oriented groups...

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12. EPILOGUE: Shari’a in Indonesia’s Current Transition: An Update

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pp. 213-234

The collapse of the New Order regime in May 1998 has ushered in some new hopes for the application of shari’a (Islamic law) in Indonesia. Numerous Muslim groups and Indonesian figures consider this a golden opportunity to struggle for a fuller incorporation...

Appendix I. THE LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA NO. 1 OF 1974 ON MARRIAGE

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pp. 235-256

Appendix II. THE LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA NO. 7 OF 1989 ON THE RELIGIOUS JUDICATURE

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pp. 257-278

Appendix III. THE PRESIDENTIAL INSTRUCTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA NO. 1 OF 1991 ON THE COMPILATION OF ISLAMIC LAWS

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pp. 279-325

Appendix IV. GOVERNMENT REGULATION NO. 28 OF 1977 ON WAQF OF LANDS WITH THE RIGHT OF OWNERSHIP

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pp. 326-336

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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pp. 337-354

INDEX

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pp. 355-363


E-ISBN-13: 9789812305206
Print-ISBN-13: 9789812301888

Page Count: 363
Publication Year: 2003

Edition: 1

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Islamic law -- Political aspects -- Indonesia.
  • Islamic law -- Economic aspects -- Indonesia.
  • Islam and politics -- Indonesia.
  • Islam and state -- Indonesia.
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