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Nationalism and Globalization

East and West

Leo Suryadinata

Publication Year: 2000

Nationalism and globalization are two major contradicting forces in the world today. The roles that these two forces play and the impact of globalization on countries differ. Both Western and Asian "nation-states" have faced the challenge of globalization in recent decades, and the challenge has become more intense since the 1990s. The decline of communism and socialism as ideologies, and the decreasing importance of national boundaries for capital, companies and even labour, have had profound implications for national identity. Thus, the impact of globalization on "nation-states" is not identical. How have "nation-states" coped with globalization? Has it led to stronger nationalism or national disintegration? What has happened to national identity? Is the concept of "nation" still relevant in the era of globalization? To answer these questions, twelve countries -- six from the West (France, UK, USA, Yugoslavia, Australia, and Russia) and six from Asia (Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Japan, China, and India) have been selected for study. These countries represent a wide range of national experiences — from "old" states to "new" states, from mono-ethnic nations to multi-ethnic ones, and from surviving nation-states to decaying ones. Apart from the individual country studies, the last chapter summarizes and compares the findings of these country studies, throwing light on the various types of nationalism, and the gains and losses of these countries in the process of globalization.

Published by: ISEAS–Yusof Ishak Institute

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. v-vi


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pp. vii-viii

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pp. ix-xii

After the end of the Cold War, nationalism re-emerged as a challenge to world order. Many countries have disintegrated as a result of ethnic and religious conflicts, which have been interpreted as a clash of different types of nationalism. The former Soviet Union and Yugoslavia are two examples. The situation in the Balkans is often cited as an example of ...

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1. "Yugoslav" Nationalism at the End of the Twentieth Century

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pp. 1-37

The tragic events occurring in Kosovo in 1999 represent the culmination of a long process which may be considered as the emergence of full-blown “ethnochauvinism” in this part of the Balkans. As such, Kosovo represents perhaps the most advanced (or most degenerate) form of a problem which is common to much of the Balkan area. This widespread phenomenon is ...

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2. Nation-Building and Nation-Destroying: The Challenge of Globalization in Indonesia

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pp. 38-70

Nation-building in Indonesia started in the period of Dutch colonialism, especially during the Indonesian nationalist movement before World War II. But the systematic measures adopted by the state only took place after independence. Nevertheless, the nation-building process in Indonesia has not been smooth. Although, generally, many ethnic groups have identified ...

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3. Globalization and Singapore's Search for Nationhood

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pp. 71-101

When Singapore was founded by Stamford Raffles in January 1819, the population consisted of 120 Malays and 30 Chinese.1 As a result of immigration from China, India and Indonesia,2 the composition of the population was gradually transformed into the multiracial one today, with the Chinese becoming the majority (77 per cent) and the other ...

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4. Globalization and Nationalism in the United States: A Historical Perspective

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pp. 102-131

“The United States,” political scientist Seymour Martin Lipset wrote in the early 1960s, “may properly claim the title of the first new nation. It was the first major colony to successfully break away from colonial rule through revolution.” Lipset’s claim, made in the halcyon days of American post-war prosperity, echoes the exceptionalism that permeated ...

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5. Globalization and the Challenges to Malay Nationalism as the Essence of Malaysian Nationalism

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pp. 132-174

Globalization has reconstructed ethnicity and ethnic nationalism the world over. The exemplary case of Eastern Europe is too well-known to require elaboration. It suffered hitherto unknown mass ethnic violence to the point of ethnic annihilation. Closer to home, Indonesian ethnic nationalism has not only produced mass violence and hardships on a massive scale over ...

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6. Nationalism and Globalization in Australia

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pp. 175-199

To trace the story of Australian nationalism is to trace the search for a national identity in the absence of a defining national moment or event. In 1977, Australia celebrated the bicentenary of Captain Cook’s “discovery” of Australia; yet Dutch explorers had discovered Australia for the European world decades before Cook. In 1988, the bicentenary was of the first ...

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7. Nation, Nationalism and Globalization in France

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pp. 200-215

France is often regarded as one of the first modern Western nations in the world. This chapter attempts to address the origins and development of the French nation and the impact of European regionalism/globalization on it. It seems that there are two types of French nationalism: open nationalism and closed nationalism; the former is broader and closer to ...

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8. National Identity and Adapting to Integration: Nationalism and Globalization in Japan

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pp. 216-233

In this chapter, nationalism and globalization are examined with specific reference to Japan. Here, nationalism is defined as a political principle holding that the political and national unit should be congruent, as a sentiment about that principle, and as a theory of political legitimacy requiring that ethnic boundaries should not cut across political ones (Gellner 1993). ...

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9. Globalization, Nationalism and the Modernization of the United Kingdom of Great Britain

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pp. 234-257

In 1996, the New Labour government of Tony Blair embarked upon an ambitious programme of constitutional modernization for the United Kingdom (UK). In Northern Ireland, this involved a dramatic series of initiatives culminating in the Good Friday Agreement of April 1998, that sought to reconcile the warring communities in Northern Ireland and ...

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10. Nationalities, Nationalism, and Globalization: The Case of China

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pp. 258-293

Nationalism and globalism are two mutually contradictory terms and incompatible goals. To emphasize one is to demean the other. Yet ironically enough, they also represent two phenomena coexisting in the contemporary world. Indeed, most countries have been consciously striving for the realization of both objectives and simultaneously. This is ...

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11. Grasping the Nettle: Indian Nationalism and Globalization

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pp. 294-318

With the near completion of the decolonization process which resulted in the birth of a host of Afro-Asian states in the 1960s, it was generally assumed that nationalism had passed its heyday. Ever since the French Revolution, nationalism had exerted such a powerful influence on the thinking of mankind that it was hard to imagine that it would ever lose its appeal. ...

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12. Nationalism and Globalization in the Russion Federation at the Millennium

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pp. 319-343

Examining nationalism within the post-Soviet Russian Federation in the context of an increasingly globalized world is a complex task, given the propensity of the various historical forms of the Russian state to resist inclusion in the prevalent socio-economic, artistic, and political Pan- European trends. Thus, Russia never experienced the impact of ...

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13. Conclusion: Nation, Nationalism and Globalization

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pp. 344-355

In this concluding chapter, I would like to highlight some interesting points mentioned in the preceding chapters and occasionally offer my own interpretation. I will also draw some brief comparisons between the countries in order to show similarities and differences in the process of nationalism and globalization. ...


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pp. 356-366

E-ISBN-13: 9789812305053
Print-ISBN-13: 9789812300782

Page Count: 366
Publication Year: 2000

Edition: 1