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Nigeria Beyond Divorce

Amalgamation in Perspective

Sam Momah

Publication Year: 2013

Most Nigerians, when they talk about Nigeria, will always refer to her with bubbling jingoism as ìgiant of Africaî or ìour great nation, Nigeriaî but fail to ask ìgiant of what?î Goodness or Evil? Productivity or Consumption? Success or Failure? Meritocracy or Mediocrity? Hollowness or Substance? Capturing the "mood of the nation" this book offers diagnosis on the country which are broad-based, instructive and well presented. Part I outlines the developmental stages of Nigeria while Part II gives an in depth diagnosis of the major problems besetting Nigeria, following Part III gives examples of nations and leadership traits Nigeria could emulate.

Published by: African Books Collective

Title Page, Copyright Page, Dedication

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pp. 2-7

Contents

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pp. vii-x

List of Abbreviations

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pp. xi-xiv

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Acknowledgements

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pp. xv-xviii

I have to first and foremost, appreciate my wife, Chief (Mrs) Ify Momah, and our children, (Dr & Dr (Mrs) Emeka Momah, Dr & Bar (Mrs) Nkem Momah, Dr & Mrs Tobe Momah, Mr & Dr (Mrs) Amaka Haruna and Miss Ada Momah) ...

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Foreword

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pp. xix-xx

As we prepare for Nigeria’s centenary celebrations, in commemoration of the amalgamation of the North and South of Nigeria, a discourse on Nigeria could not have come at a better time. This book therefore captures the mood of the nation. Its diagnosis of the problems of Nigeria is broad-based, instructive and skillfully presented. ...

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Preface

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pp. xxi-xxii

This book is the latest in a series I authored. The first three books are of international dimension but this fourth book is to honour my 70th birthday and it rightly focuses on my beloved country, Nigeria. ...

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Prologue – Nigeria At A Glance

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pp. xxiii-xxxii

Most times we get so carried away by the euphoria of being big and fail to ask ourselves “giant of what?” Goodness or Evil? Productivity or Consumption? Success or Failure? Meritocracy or Mediocrity? Hollowness or Substance? ...

Part I: Developmental Stages of Nigeria

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Chapter One: The Birth of Nigeria

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pp. 3-10

The birth of Nigeria as a tripod structure, started with British annexation of Lagos as a royal colony in 1861 through gun-boat diplomacy. Britain needed Lagos primarily to protect her commercial interest. Consequently, Lagos and adjacent Yoruba land became the first of the building tripod of colonial Nigeria to make contact with the “white” man. ...

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Chapter Two: Pre and Post Independence Governance

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pp. 11-18

Obviously, the colonial masters were at their best in administration but when it came to their own self-interest they were terribly over-enlightened. It was obvious that even a Briton, F Nicholson traced the root causes of Nigeria’s persistent problems to policy decisions by Lugard and he listed some of them as shown below: ...

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Chapter Three: Nigerian Political Leaders and Constitutional Development At a Glance

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pp. 19-32

In simple terms, the constitution of a country is the system of laws and basic principles on which that country is governed. Constitution is usually written but some are not. The British Constitution is unwritten because it is based on the Magna Carta of 1215 which ostensibly is limited to the crown ...

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Chapter Four: Nigerian Military in Governance

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pp. 33-46

Post-independent Nigeria (1st October 1960 to 14th January 1966) was very vibrant, peaceful and held a lot of hopes as Africa’s economic giant and political colossus. At that time, South Africa was in bondage and the rest of Southern and East Africa were economically gagged. ...

Part II: The Main Problems of Nigeria

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Chapter Five: The Problem with Nigeria – Over Bloated Bureaucracy Caused by Undue Creation of States

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pp. 49-62

Everything in life has its optimal limit. The four regions though unbalanced, were very close to the optimal limit, but Gowon hurriedly and punitively engineered the 12-states structure primarily to de-stabilise Biafra. Consequently the 12-states structure was a bit too far from the optimal point because in reality it should be six states from the existing six zones. ...

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Chapter Six: The Problem with Nigeria – Poor Infrastructure (Refineries, Electrical Power, Railways & Roads)

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pp. 63-84

Few days after Gen Abdulsalami Alhaji Abubakar became Head of State C-in-C in June 1998, he summoned me immediately to his office at the Presidential Villa, Abuja. As the Honourable Minister of Science and Technology in his cabinet, my mind hovered around a few possibilities for summoning me and I felt the issue must have to do with urgent national issue. ...

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Chapter Seven: The Problem With Nigeria – Federal Label but Unitary Content

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pp. 85-90

A visitor driving from Abuja Airport to the city will be impressed to see bill boards brandishing “Welcome to Abuja, the Centre of Unity”. Unfortunately, Abuja since inception has not practicalised that unity because the Ministers of Federal Capital Territory have overly been from a particular section of the country. ...

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Chapter Eight: The Problem With Nigeria – Endemic Insecurity

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pp. 91-108

Civil wars are bad because their aftermaths afflict endemic pain and fear on the populace. United States of America (USA) is still battling with serial killings on daily basis and no one is spared including the kindergartens. Here in Nigeria since the end of our 30-month civil war, we have had our own scourge of the aftermaths of civil war ...

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Chapter Nine: The Problem With Nigeria – Endemic Corruption

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pp. 109-126

For many years according to Transparency International, Nigeria has always been at the list of most corrupt countries of the world. This is primarily so, because the badly governed citizens now regard Nigeria as a sinking ship in which they should individually or collectively take out whatever they deem fit ...

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Chapter Ten: The Problem With Nigeria – Population Explosion

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pp. 127-136

Nigeria has fifty-four languages and 250 ethnic groups. The three main ethnic groups are Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba. These three tribes make up 62% of the population. The next fairly large tribes are: Edo, Ijaw, Tiv, Kanuri, Ibibio, Ebira, Nupe, Gwari, Itsekiri, Jukun, Urhobo, Igala and Idoma. ...

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Chapter Eleven: The Problems With Nigeria – Unemployment and Failure to Convert Brain Drain to Brain Gain

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pp. 137-142

With over 70 million Nigerians unemployed, it is definitely a ticking time bomb. Recently, the CBN Governor called for 50% cut of the nation’s work force because with over 70% of the Nation’s earning being consumed by wage bills, virtually nothing is available for putting in place infrastructure such as refineries, power stations, rail system, dams, etc. ...

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Chapter Twelve: The Problem With Nigeria – Poor Productivity Aggravated by Wrong Application of Federal Character

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pp. 143-154

Post-independent Nigeria had three regions – North, East and West. The quality of life was very promising and Nigerians were contented and happy pacesetters in Africa. The three regions made incredible progress through the healthy competition amongst them. They developed at their own respective sustainable pace. ...

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Chapter Thirteen: The Problem With Nigeria – The Need For Leadership With Proven Track Record

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pp. 155-170

The most complicated problem of Nigeria since independence has been the problem of leadership. Definitely, Nigeria has had leaders who tried passionately to do their best, to make their mark and even carve a niche here and there but somehow Nigerians have penchant for dragging their leaders down to their own level ...

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Chapter Fourteen: The Problem with Nigeria – Growing Religious Tension

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pp. 171-176

From the dawn of civilisation, religion has always played an indispensable role both in private lives of individuals and in the realm of the society. Throughout the ages human beings have always felt like invoking some supernatural being or agency to help solve problems beyond them. ...

Part III: Examples for Nigeria to Emulate

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Chapter Fifteen: Obama’s Victory and its Significance for Nigeria

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pp. 179-184

Obama took the world by surprise when he won the 2008 presidential election and so in 2012 election, there was a desperate “stop-him” campaign. The business community did not want him, the arms merchants cum war mongers didn’t want him; the wealthy and almighty Wall Street and other business juggernauts didn’t want him. ...

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Chapter Sixteen: Rwanda’s Developmental Example and Lessons for Nigeria

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pp. 185-190

Rwanda is today the greatest success story of Africa and the man responsible for that is President Kagame. Rwanda is a small, land-locked country of 11 million people who speak the same language but professionally are divided into two: the Hutu who are in majority and are generally farmers and the Tutsi who are cattle rearers but were more educationally inclined. ...

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Chapter Seventeen: Example of Singapore Developing From Third World to First World (1965 – 2000)

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pp. 191-194

By the time Singapore gained self-government from Britain on 3rd June 1959 and became a Republic on 31st August 1963, she was a very poor country with polyglot population of over 1 million (today it is over 5 million) of which 76% are Chinese, 14% are Malayan, 7% Indian and others 3%. ...

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Chapter Eighteen: Japanese Developmental Experience and Lessons for Nigeria

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pp. 195-202

Japan, the land of the Rising Sun, is an archipelago of 6,852 islands. The four largest islands are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku. They make up 97% of Japanese main land. Japan with 127 million people is the world’s 10th largest country of which 98% are the same linguistic and cultural group. ...

Part IV: Strategic Solution to Problems

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Chapter Nineteen: The Crucial Strategic Need to Remain United

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pp. 205-210

Some critics may feel that if so many other countries could split and go their separate ways, why not Nigeria? It’s not as simple as that because “divorce” they say “is a broken egg that produces nothing but stench”. Besides, no other country has as many blacks as Nigeria. ...

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Chapter Twenty: Restructuring The Polity

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pp. 211-236

Nigeria has unfortunately been described as the “stunted giant” of Africa because in comparison with her potentials in human and materials resources, Nigeria’s developmental pattern has remained embarrassingly static and even retrogressive in some cases. ...

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Chapter Twenty-One: Epilogue – Nigeria Shall Rise Again

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pp. 237-248

Nigeria between the mid 1950s and mid 1960s had her problems just like any other country but then, there was hope, there was peace and there was progress in all major spheres of human endeavour. People at times left their doors open and went to work because stealing was uncommon. ...

Part V

Notes and References

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pp. 251-252

Appendix – 1: List of Kidnappings

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pp. 253-262

Appendix – 2: List of Boko Haram Bomb-Blast Destructions

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pp. 263-269

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About the Author

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pp. 270-303

Major-General Sam Momah was for five years the Honourable Minister of Science and Technology (1995 to 1999). He then formally retired after the Military handed over power to elected Civilian President on 29th May 1999. On the whole, the General had a total of 36 years of meritorious service in the Army and to the Nation. ...

Index

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pp. 271-278

Back cover

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p. 312-312


E-ISBN-13: 9789788431572
Print-ISBN-13: 9789788431343

Page Count: 310
Publication Year: 2013