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Civic and Uncivic Values

Serbia in the Post-Milošević Era

Redited by Ola Listhaung, Sabrina P. Ramet, Dragana Dulic

Publication Year: 2011

Discusses Serbia’s struggle for democratic values after the fall of the Milosevic regime provoked by the NATO war, and after the trauma caused by the secession of Kosovo. Are the value systems of the post-Milosevic era true stumbling blocks of a delayed transition of this country? Seventeen contributors from Norway, Serbia, Italy, Germany, Poland and some other European countries covered a broad range of topics in order to provide answers to this question. The subjects of their investigations were national myths and symbols, history textbooks, media, film, religion, inter-ethnic dialogue, transitional justice, political party agendas and other related themes.

Published by: Central European University Press

Title Page

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Copyright Page

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Table of Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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pp. ix

Our purpose in putting together this project has been to bring some clarity to the processes of transition in Serbia since the fall of Milošević. The working hypotheses are that Serbia cannot achieve stability or be integrated into the EU as...

Part One – Introduction

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pp. 1-47

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1. Serbia’s Corrupt Path to the Rule of Law: An Introduction

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pp. 3-19

This volume focuses on the transformation of values in Serbia since 2000, looking at both civic and uncivic values. Civic values are understood to be values supportive of ethnic tolerance, interconfessional harmony, human equality, tolerance of sexual...

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2. Serbia after Milošević: The Rebirth of a Nation

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pp. 21-47

Serbia belongs to that group of countries once called by German historians an “in-between Europe” (Zwischeneuropa). A distinctive feature of this position was the parochialism1 and marginalization of its political culture for much of the modern...

Part Two – Political and Social Values

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pp. 49-160

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3. Serbian Civic Values in a European Context

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pp. 51-75

Serbia has been among the last of the European post-socialist societies to begin to be assimilated within the broad community of Western and Central European societies. The blockages in the processes of internal political and economic transition have been closely...

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4. The EU in the Values and Expectations of Serbia: Challenges, Opportunities, and Confrontations

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pp. 77-109

In an introductory chapter to a book on value changes and transition in Serbia, Dragomir Pantić has observed that values play a double role, since they mirror our time and its relation with the past. Simultaneously, they comprise the capability of going beyond...

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5. Orthodox Values and Modern Necessities: Serbian Orthodox Clergy and Laypeople on Democracy, Human Rights, Transition, and Globalization

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pp. 111-142

Any society needs a certain amount of shared values in order to function. This is true even for individualist and pluralist Western societies, which have reduced the set of common values but insist on so-called core values such as tolerance...

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6. The Social Values of Serbian Youth

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pp. 143-160

On the eve of the disappearance of the Socialist Federated Republic of Yugoslavia and the outbreak of war, Belgrade’s Institute of Social Sciences published the results of a comprehensive study of young people, under the title...

Part Three – Media and Films

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pp. 161-218

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7. The Post-2000 Media Situation in Serbia

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pp. 163-194

The 5 October 2000 ouster of Slobodan Milošević did not mark the break with the decade-long policy which he had embodied. On the contrary, the ideological masterminds of the Greater Serbia project (influential intellectual circles rallied...

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8. We All Live Two Lives: Serbian Cinema & Changing Values in Post Yugoslavia

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pp. 195-218

Film has the power to inspire, to incite, to provoke, to change the way we think. A “war film” can encourage the viewer to identify with one side or the other, or to blame outsiders, or to view war as something which simply happens...

Part Four – Schools, Gender, and Nationalism

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pp. 219-263

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9. Value Changes in the Interpretations of History in Serbia

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pp. 221-240

“Serbs, gentlemen, just without history and similar crap.” This is how Richard Holbrooke, international negotiator and emissary of President Bill Clinton, started one of the many rounds of negotiations during the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina. By doing so, Holbrooke demonstrated...

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10. Nationalism as a Religion: Examples from Contemporary Serbia

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pp. 241-252

I propose that we first visit Hilandar, joining those who are doing a pilgrimage to this holy place. As you probably already know, Hilandar is a monastery at the foot of the Holy Mountain, that is, Mount Athos, on the Halkidikki Peninsula in Greece...

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11. Engendering Transitional Justice: Political Responsibility in Serbia

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pp. 253-263

In the wake of the May 2008 elections in Serbia—one of many—it has to be acknowledged that after eight years of what one might have hoped would be a structural change, a turn to the undoubtedly democratic, pro-European policy, this political option...

Part Five – Kosovo as Myth and as Politics

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pp. 265-397

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12. Dead Kings and National Myths: Why Myths of Founding and Martyrdom Are Important

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pp. 267-298

The use of myths and religion in politics has a long history. Myths can establish a claim to dynastic legitimacy, to coveted territory, to glory, even to sainthood on the part of the central figure in a myth. Canonization is, in its own right...

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13. Discursive Practices and Semiotic Representations: Serbian Rhetoric about Montenegro and Kosovo

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pp. 299-328

The most recent developments in the post-Yugoslav region, both the referendum in Montenegro (May 2006), which led to that republic’s formal declaration of independence (June 2006), and the declaration of independence by Kosovo...

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14. Kosovo in Serbian Politics since Milošević

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pp. 329-368

Premier Koštunica delivered his emotional speech on Kosovo on 21 February 2008 to approximately 200,000-300,000 Serbs who had ventured onto the streets of Belgrade to protest the Declaration of Independence (UDI) by Kosovo...

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15. Inter-ethnic Dialogue between Serbs and Albanians in Serbia/Kosovo, 1996–2008

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pp. 369-397

In this chapter, I will tell a story. It begins with how the Nansen Dialogue, a method of interethnic dialogue, developed from 1995 to 1997 with participants from ex-Yugoslavia in Lillehammer, Norway, was introduced in Priština in the fall...

Part Six – Conclusion

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16. The Power of Values (A Conclusion)

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pp. 401-407

Those of us who have contributed to this volume share the conviction that values matter for political behavior. Values are those goods or goals that we consider important, that we strive to realize or preserve, that we believe should guide policy, and a value orientation always...

List of Contributors

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pp. 409-417

Index of Names

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pp. 419-425

Subject Index

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pp. 427-457

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9789639776999
Print-ISBN-13: 9789639776982

Page Count: 469
Publication Year: 2011