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The Harbour of all this Sea and Realm

Crusader to Venetian Famagusta

Michael Walsh, Tamas Kiss, Nicholas Coureas

Publication Year: 2014

The Harbour of All This Sea and Realm offers an overview of the Lusignan, Genoese and Venetian history of the main port city of Cyprus, a Mediterranean crossroads. The essays contribute to the understanding of Famagusta’s social and administrative structure, as well as the influences on its architectural, artisan, and art historical heritage from the thirteenth to sixteenth centuries. We read of crusader bishops from central France, metalworkers from Asia Minor, mercenaries from Genoa, refugees from Acre, and traders from Venice. The themes of the city’s diasporas and cultural hybridity permeate and unify the essays in this collaborative effort.

Published by: Central European University Press

Series Page, Title Page, Copyright Page

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Table of Contents

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pp. v-vi

List of Illustrations

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pp. vii-x

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

The editors would like to thank the School of Art, Design and Media at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore for funding the conference Historic Famagusta: A Millennium in Words and Images, and the Centre for Eastern Mediterranean Studies at Central European University in Budapest for hosting it. ...

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Introduction:

Michael J.K. Walsh, Tamás Kiss, Nicholas S.H. Coureas

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pp. 3-18

The powerful words in the epigraph were written by inspectors from the US-based World Monuments Fund (hereafter: WMF ) who visited Famagusta after the Historic Walled City was placed on its international Watch List of Endangered Sites in 2008. ...

Section One: History

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Nicosia and Famagusta during the Frankish Period (1192–1474): Two Capitals for One Kingdom?

Philippe Trélat

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pp. 21-40

Reading early modern travellers’ accounts or comprehensive historical syntheses, one never ceases to be astonished by the confusion concerning Famagusta and Nicosia, the two principal cities of the kingdom of Cyprus in the Lusignan era (1192– 1474). Two examples taken from each of these large categories of sources testify to the disorientation of the authors: ...

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Stephen de Mezel Bishop of Famagusta and his Age (1244–1259)

Pierre-Vincent Claverie

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pp. 41-52

Dicebat Bernardus Carnotensis nos esse quasi nanos gigantum umeris insidentes: John of Salisbury’s famous sentence perfectly expresses the current situation of the state of research on the Latin Church in the Eastern Mediterranean. The historian looking for unpublished documents either has to work through the archives systematically or to use earlier publications in order to detect the traces of a forgotten source. ...

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Refugees from Acre in Famagusta around 1300

David Jacoby

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pp. 53-68

Some 1,800 notary charters drafted from 1294 to 1310 offer rich, yet partial evidence on the population of Famagusta around 1300.1 Refugees from the Frankish territories conquered by Mamluk forces in 1291 represented a large proportion of the city’s inhabitants at the time, and refugees from Acre were the largest group among them. ...

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Apprentice Artisans and Craftsmen in Famagusta in the Notarial Deeds of Lamberto di Sambuceto and Giovanni da Rocha, 1296–1310

Nicholas Coureas

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pp. 69-76

The extant deeds of the above Genoese notaries who were active in Famagusta in the late thirteenth and early fourteenth century number nearly 2000 and contain a wealth of information on the commercial transactions engaged in by mainly Latin merchants, either resident in Famagusta or simply with commercial interests there. ...

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The Mercenaries of Genoese Famagusta in the Fifteenth Century

Michel Balard

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pp. 77-90

During their expansion in the Levant, the Genoese acquired permanent factories which they obtained possession of either through grants by the local authorities, or through the actions of the Genoese military and naval forces. The most important ones, Pera, Caffa and Chios, were obtained through grants by the Byzantine basileis and by the Tatar khans, ...

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Maritime Trade in Famagusta during the Venetian Period (1474–1571)

Benjamin Arbel

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pp. 91-104

The geographic location of port towns is often used as an explanation for their function as important trading centres. Yet it seems that changing geo-political circumstances can be much more influential in this respect. Thus, following the fall of Crusader Acre in 1291, Famagusta enjoyed particularly favourable circumstances, ...

Section Two: Material Culture

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Made in Cyprus? Fourteenth Century Mamluk Metal Ware for the West: The Question of Provenance

Ulrike Ritzerfeld

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pp. 107-134

The problem of the origin of so-called “Veneto-Saracenic” metal ware remains unresolved to this day. The provenance of these objects, different in shape and decoration from the mainstream of Islamic metalwork, has been a subject of controversy ever since they attracted scholarly attention.2 ...

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Crusader Ideology, Propaganda and the Art of the Carmelite Church in Fourteenth Century Famagusta

Maria Paschali

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pp. 135-144

In 1324, in a coronation ceremony at the Latin cathedral of Saint Nicholas in Famagusta, Hugh IV became the first king of Cyprus to prominently assert the regency of Jerusalem by receiving the crown of the holy city. During his reign and that of his son Peter I, the cityscape of Famagusta was swiftly changing into a crusader urban centre. ...

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Identity Markers in the Art of Fourteenth-Century Famagusta

Michele Bacci

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pp. 145-158

The monuments of Famagusta have received much more attention in recent years than in the entire century separating us from Camille Enlart’s pioneering work on Gothic Art and the Renaissance in Cyprus, published in 1899.1 ...

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Pillars and Punishment: Spolia and Colonial Authority in Venetian Famagusta

Allan Langdale

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pp. 159-168

Recent years have seen an increase in scholarship dealing with the Venetian empire and with the colonial towns and islands that Venice controlled through the Middle Ages and Early Modern period..1 Studying Venice’s protectorates beyond the confines of its lagoon furnishes a myriad of illuminating case studies where Venetian enterprises can be examined as precursive to later European colonial ventures. ...

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Harmonizing the Sources: An Insight into the Appearance of the Saint Georgios Complex at Various Stages of its Building History

Thomas Kaffenberger

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pp. 169-190

Legend says that in medieval Famagusta there once were as many churches as days in a year. Even though this statement has to be treated as a topos rather than a realistic report, some 30 churches are still preserved or traceable inside the city walls today (Fig.1).2 ...

List of Contributors

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pp. 191-194

Index

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pp. 195-204

Back cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9789633860649
Print-ISBN-13: 9786155225963

Page Count: 272
Illustrations: 50 pages color illustrations
Publication Year: 2014

Series Title: CEU Medievalia

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Subject Headings

  • Famagusta (Cyprus) -- Civilization.
  • Famagusta (Cyprus) -- History.
  • Material culture -- Cyprus -- Famagusta -- History.
  • Crusades.
  • Cyprus -- History -- Lusignan dynasty, 1192-1474.
  • Cyprus -- History -- Venetian rule, 1474-1570.
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